Encyclopedia Astronautica
October 17


October 17 Chronology


1903 October 17 - .
  • Birth of Andrei Antonovich Grechko - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian officer. Deputy Minister of Defence 1967-1976. Opponent of piloted space programs..

1906 October 17 - .
  • Birth of Richard S Perkin - . Nation: USA. Summary: American Manager. Richard S. Perkin was co-founder ad president of Perkin-Elmer Corp., 1937-1960, and then chairman of the board..

1923 October 17 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Fedorovich Utkin - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian chief designer. Deputy Chief Designer 1961-1971 of Yangel design bureau. Succeeded Yangel as Chief Designer in 1971. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, left the Ukraine in 1990 to become head of TsAGI in Moscow..

1926 October 17 - .
  • Birth of Dr Karl Gordon Henize - . Nation: USA. Summary: American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-F..

1933 October 17 - .
1938 October 17 - .
  • Goddard experiments toward development of propellant pumps. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. After the final successful L series flight of August 9, with pressure feed, Goddard turned again to the problem of fuel pumps, which he believed were imperative if very high altitudes were to be attained. This ultimately resulted in the P Series of Tests, which ran from October 17, 1938-October 10, 1941. The work began in the fall of 1938, when he made a thorough study, through more than twenty proving-stand tests, of five models of small, high-speed centrifugal pumps, which had several radically new features.

1944 October 17 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-251.
1946 October 17 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 13 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 3. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: Bell flight 3. Glide flight, small check..

1950 October 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 50R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 October 17 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1a USAF 20.
  • Ionosphere Propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi). Summary: lonosphere research. Launched at 1117 local time. Reached 114..3 km..

1952 October 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 123R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 October 17 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11. LV Configuration: R-1 8A11 No 520.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1954 October 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA13. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi).

1956 October 17 - .
  • Birth of Dr Mae Carol Jemison - . Nation: USA. Summary: African-American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-47. Physician. First African-American woman to fly in space..

1957 October 17 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 6.5 N x 156.9 W. Launch Platform: AGB-4. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Loki Rockoon. LV Configuration: Loki Rockoon II5.56F.
  • SUI 80 Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 October 17 - . 02:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 6.2 N x 157.0 W. Launch Platform: AGB-4. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Loki Rockoon. LV Configuration: Loki Rockoon II5.57F.
  • SUI 81 Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 October 17 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 3.4 N x 158.0 W. Launch Platform: AGB-4. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Loki Rockoon. LV Configuration: Loki Rockoon II5.59F.
  • SUI 83 Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1958 October 17 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100 (A-1).
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1959 October 17 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-2-6. FAILURE: Fire in engine bay, gear door failure..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2283 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18831 m. Nose gear door failed on landing..

1960 October 17 - .
  • Mercury weather support group formed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Project Mercury weather support group established at NASA's request in the Office of Meteorological Research of the Weather Bureau..

1960 October 17 - . 21:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.340.
  • UM density / pressure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1961 October 17 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-24-40.
  • X-15A Mach 5, Aero, Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6275 kph. Maximum Altitude - 33100 m..

1962 October 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 October 17 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. LV Configuration: Vostok 8A92 T15000-03.
  • Cosmos 10 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 5. Mass: 4,700 kg (10,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 4.00 days. Decay Date: 1962-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 437 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Zeta-1. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Also performed radiation measurements..

1962 October 17 - . 15:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AC6.832.
  • VLF Propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1963 October 17 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 3 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Aldrin; Anders; Bassett; Bean; Cernan; Chaffee; Collins; Cunningham; Eisele; Freeman; Gordon; Schweickart; Scott; Williams, Clifton. The group was selected to provide crew members for planned Apollo missions (then planned as 4 Saturn I missions in 1965, 2-4 Saturn IB missions in 1966, 6 Saturn V missions from 1967).. Qualifications: Qualified jet pilot with minimum 1,000 flight-hours, bachleor's degree in engineering or physical or biological sciences, under 35 years old, under 183 cm height, excellent health. US citizen.. There were 271 applications, 200 from civilians (including two women) and 71 from military pilots (including two African-Americans). President Kennedy pushed for NASA to appoint a black astronaut, but neither of the applicants met the test pilot requirements. Bobby Kennedy arranged for one of these, USAF Captain Edward Dwight, to be enrolled in the USAF Test Pilot school. He graduated, and then had the necessary qualifications. He was 28 years old, an engineering school graduate, and a B-57 bomber command pilot with 2,000 hours flying time. However NASA did not find him as well qualified as other candidates, and he was not among the 32 chosen for final physical and mental tests.

    From these 32, the final 14 were selected. Of them, four would die (two in a T-38 crash, one in a car crash, and one in the Apollo 204 ground fire) before flying in space. All of the ten remaining would fly in the Apollo program.


1963 October 17 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 672.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1963 October 17 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena D 197D / Agena D 1801.
  • Vela 2 - . Payload: Vela 1B. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Nuclear detection surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Vela. USAF Sat Cat: 674 . COSPAR: 1963-039A. Apogee: 116,582 km (72,440 mi). Perigee: 101,081 km (62,808 mi). Inclination: 38.7000 deg. Period: 6,486.20 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Vela 1 - . Payload: Vela 1A. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Nuclear detection surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Vela. USAF Sat Cat: 692 . COSPAR: 1963-039C. Apogee: 116,528 km (72,407 mi). Perigee: 101,925 km (63,333 mi). Inclination: 37.8000 deg. Period: 6,519.60 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • TRS 5 - . Payload: ERS 12. Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: TRS. Decay Date: 1963-06-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 675 . COSPAR: 1963-039B. Apogee: 102,372 km (63,610 mi). Perigee: 953 km (592 mi). Inclination: 35.9000 deg. Period: 2,319.40 min. Summary: Decay date suspect Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1963 October 17 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.11.
  • Blue Streak test - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO; RAE. Apogee: 527 km (327 mi).

1963 October 17 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.93II.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1964 October 17 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Flight Crew Support Division reported that the Gemini-Titan (GT) 3 primary crew had completed egress practice in boilerplate No. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3; Gemini 4. Spacecraft: Gemini; Gemini Parachute. 201 in the Ellington Air Force Base flotation tank. The backup GT-4 crew was scheduled for such training on October 23. Full-scale egress and recovery training for both the GT-3 and the GT-4 crews was scheduled to begin about January 15, when parachute refresher courses would also be scheduled.

1964 October 17 - .
  • IBM contract for the Apollo backup computer - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Guidance. Summary: MSC and International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) negotiated a $1,500,000 fixed-price contract for the Apollo guidance and navigation system backup computer..

1964 October 17 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache AE5.487.
  • Ionosphere wind, T (IQSY) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1964 October 17 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • BLOSSOM wind, T Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1964 October 17 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2A/D. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2A Agena D 418 / Agena D SS-01A 1179.
  • KH-4A 1012 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1012 / Agena D 1179 / OPS 3559. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1964-11-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 911 . COSPAR: 1964-067A. Apogee: 416 km (258 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 75.0000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Summary: KH-4A. Vehicle attitude became erratic on the second portion of the mission necessitating an early recovery..

1966 October 17 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-28.
  • FU-165 Ions / Electric Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi).

1967 October 17 - .
  • The return to flight of Soyuz is approved. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Soyuz; Lunar L1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK; Soyuz 7K-L1. There have been many improvements and additional qualification tests conducted since the Soyuz 1 crash, notably to the parachute system. MAP, TsAGI, LII, and the VVS want the L1 to have a reserve parachute as well, but Mishin rejects the recommendation -- it would cost 200 kg extra mass, and there are absolutely no reserves in the L1.

1967 October 17 - .
  • Four additional Apollo CSMs approved - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Block II. NASA Hq. informed MSC that NASA Deputy Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., had approved the project approval document authorizing four additional CSMs beyond No. 115A. MSC was requested to proceed with all necessary procurement actions required to maintain production capability in support of projected schedules for these items.

1967 October 17 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Smith Ranch Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 39.3 N x 117.5 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-64-95.
  • X-15A UVPL/Solar/MM Technology/Meteor/Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6204 kph. Maximum Altitude - 85500 m. Astronaut wings flight (USAF definition)..

1968 October 17 - .
  • Loss of attitude control caused Apollo LLRV Crash - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV; LM Structural. Two NASA investigation boards had reported that loss of attitude control caused the May 6 accident that destroyed lunar landing research vehicle No. 1, NASA announced. Helium in propellant tanks had been depleted earlier than normal, dropping pressure needed to force hydrogen peroxide propellant to the attitude-control lift rockets and thrusters. Additional Details: Loss of attitude control caused Apollo LLRV Crash.

1968 October 17 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac. LV Configuration: Nike Hydac 9.5-68-4-604.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1969 October 17 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz 7 - . Return Crew: Filipchenko; Gorbatko; Volkov. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Filipchenko; Gorbatko; Volkov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 6; Soyuz 7; Soyuz 8. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. The landing commission meets at the command post at 08:00. Soyuz 7 is to land on orbit 97, beginning a 95 m/s retrofire impulse at 11:44:11. The main parachute is to deploy at 12:12:34. All is reported normal aboard the spacecraft, except that the Soyuz 7 warning light panel shows 'ASP' - automatic landing sequence. Despite this, Soyuz 7 landed successfully at 09:26 GMT. Additional Details: Landing of Soyuz 7.

1969 October 17 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P16H.
  • SpE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 17 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL862.
  • Grenades / TMA release / Barium release Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1969 October 17 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 302 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-10-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 4130 . COSPAR: 1969-089A. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1969 October 17 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1969 October 17 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S29/2.
  • ESRO S29 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1970 October 17 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas NASA 15.81GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1971 October 17 - . 13:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thorad Agena D SLV-2G. LV Configuration: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D 570.
  • ASTEX - . Payload: P71-2 / Agena D. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF STP. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ASTEX. USAF Sat Cat: 5560 . COSPAR: 1971-089A. Apogee: 761 km (472 mi). Perigee: 738 km (458 mi). Inclination: 92.7000 deg. Period: 99.80 min. Summary: Space Test Program; technology experiments. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1972 October 17 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M Yu149-40. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1972 October 17 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 SL1022.
  • Composition / scattering Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1973 October 17 - . 17:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P101A.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1973 October 17 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1973 October 17 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries NRL NB24.265.
  • Dummy payload test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 October 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Yantar state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 17 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac. LV Configuration: Nike Hydac EX 407.41-1.
  • PRECEDE (HARSES?) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1975 October 17 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Shuttle SSME first test. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Summary: Space shuttle main engine first main stage test at NSTL.

1975 October 17 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 776 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1975-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 8369 . COSPAR: 1975-101A. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 776 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1975-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 8412 . COSPAR: 1975-101D. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.16 min.

1976 October 17 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 860 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1976-12-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 9531 . COSPAR: 1976-103B. Apogee: 995 km (618 mi). Perigee: 923 km (573 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 104.30 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..

1977 October 17 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1978 October 17 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1044 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 11065 . COSPAR: 1978-097A. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1978 October 17 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM 298-01. FAILURE: Second stage explosion.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Ekran s/n 14L - . Payload: Ekran s/n 14L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekran. COSPAR: F781017A.

1979 October 17 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.16NP.
  • SPAR 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1979 October 17 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Plasma/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1980 October 17 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: BUGAEV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1981 October 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.40UH.
  • MIT X-ray? X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 October 17 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-17 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 31. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 1997-01-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 12915 . COSPAR: 1981-105A. Apogee: 39,183 km (24,347 mi). Perigee: 971 km (603 mi). Inclination: 62.7000 deg. Period: 713.70 min. Replaced Molniya 3-12. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation.

1983 October 17 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1984 October 17 - . 16:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1985 October 17 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1986 October 17 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1989 October 17 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2048 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-10-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 20292 . COSPAR: 1989-083A. Apogee: 269 km (167 mi). Perigee: 253 km (157 mi). Inclination: 62.6000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: Military cartographic photo-surveillance satellite; also studied fluxes of heavy nuclei..

1990 October 17 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 October 17 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U2 15000-055.
  • Progress M-10 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 211. Mass: 7,306 kg (16,106 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-10; Mir LD-3. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 95.50 days. Completed Operations Date: 1992-01-20 12:03:05 . Decay Date: 1992-01-20 12:03:05 . USAF Sat Cat: 21746 . COSPAR: 1991-073A. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. First attempted to dock with Mir on 19 October 1991. The docking was automatically aborted at a distance of 150 m from the station. Successfully docked with the forward port of Mir on on 21 Oct 1991 03:40:50 GMT. Unloading began next day. Undocked on 20 Jan 1992 07:13:44 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 20 Jan 1992 12:03:30 GMT. Total free-flight time 4.35 days. Total docked time 91.15 days.
  • VBK Raduga - . Nation: USSR. Agency: UNKS. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-10; Mir LD-3. Spacecraft: Progress M. Decay Date: 1992-01-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 21746 . COSPAR: 1991-073xx. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi). Perigee: 376 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.10 min.

1993 October 17 - . 13:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

2000 October 17 - . 14:30 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-92-3 - . Crew: McArthur; Chiao. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: McArthur; Chiao. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: STS-92. Spacecraft: International Space Station. The astronauts installed two 58 kg DDCU DC-to-DC converter units atop the International Space Station's Z1 Truss. The DDCUs, will convert electricity generated by the solar arrays to be attached during the next shuttle mission. The spacewalkers also completed power cable connections on both the Z1 truss and newly installed docking port, PMA-3. They connected and reconfigured cables to route power from Pressurised Mating Adapter-2 to PMA-3 for the arrival of Endeavour and the STS-97 crew next month. They also attached a second tool storage box on the Z1 truss, providing a place to hold the tools and spacewalking aids for future assembly flights. McArthur stocked the boxes with tools and hardware that had been attached to the Unity module. STS-96 Astronauts Tammy Jernigan and Dan Barry had left the tools on the outside of Unity during a May 1999 spacewalk.

2001 October 17 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 01-37 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Afanasyev; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Tyurin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3. Expedition Three crewmembers are preparing to board their Soyuz return vehicle at the International Space Station (ISS) early Friday to move it from the Earth-facing port of the Zarya module for the first-ever linkup to the new Pirs Docking Compartment. The short procedure will begin with undocking of the Soyuz at 5:48 a.m. CDT, and will conclude with the redocking at 6:06 a.m. CDT. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 01-37.

2002 October 17 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 9 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Siebold. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Flight Time: 2.2 hours Pilot: Binnie Copilot: Siebold. Objectives: Boost phase pilot training. Formation flying and air-to-air photography with the Proteus aircraft. Results: Adequate visibility and satisfactory flying qualities for formation flying. A photo from this flight later appeared on the cover of Aviation Week (21Apr03 issue).

2002 October 17 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Siebold. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Summary: Flight Time: 1.1 hours Pilot: Siebold Copilot: Binnie. Objectives: SpaceshipOne boost profile and steering capture practice. Simulated SS1 glide approaches. Results: SS1 simulation good up to at least ~ 70 degree flight path angle..

2002 October 17 - . 04:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/17S40. LV Configuration: Proton-K/17S40 (DM2) 409-01.
  • Integral - . Mass: 4,100 kg (9,000 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Chelomei. Class: Astronomy. Type: Gamma ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Integral. USAF Sat Cat: 27540 . COSPAR: 2002-048A. Apogee: 153,435 km (95,339 mi). Perigee: 9,283 km (5,768 mi). Inclination: 53.4000 deg. Period: 4,310.60 min. Summary: INTEGRAL (INTErnational Gamma Ray Astrophysics Laboratory) was a European (ESA) astrophysics satellite. The orbit had a very high apogee to escape magnetospheric radiation..

2003 October 17 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: W-Knight. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight/SpaceShipOne Flight 38L/07G - . Crew: Melvill. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Siebold; Binnie; Melvill. Agency: Scaled. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Objectives: Fourth glide flight of SpaceShipOne. Primary purpose was to examine the effects of horizontal tail modifications at both forward and mid-range CG locations (obtained by dumping water from an aft ballast tank between test points). The tail modifications included a fixed strake bonded to the tail boom in front of the stabilator and a span-wise flow fence mounted on the leading edge of each stab at mid-span. Additional Details: White Knight/SpaceShipOne Flight 38L/07G.

2003 October 17 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV. LV Configuration: PSLV-C5.
  • ResourceSat 1 (IRS-P6) - . Mass: 1,360 kg (2,990 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: IRS. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: IRS. USAF Sat Cat: 28051 . COSPAR: 2003-046A. Apogee: 836 km (519 mi). Perigee: 813 km (505 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: The satellite was to replace IRS-1C and IRS-1D, and carried three cameras for remote sensing, the highest resolution one being the 6-meter LISS-4 imager. The sensors were designed for agricultural remote sensing applications..

2007 October 17 - . 12:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925. LV Configuration: Delta 7925-9.5 D328.
  • USA 196 - . Payload: GPS 2R-17M / Navstar 55. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 32260 . COSPAR: 2007-047A. Apogee: 20,213 km (12,559 mi). Perigee: 20,149 km (12,519 mi). Inclination: 54.9000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Summary: Set operational at 22:46 GMT on 31 October..

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