Encyclopedia Astronautica
October 19


October 19 Chronology


1899 October 19 - .
  • Goddard's dream. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Goddard's imagination and inventiveness is encouraged by his father, who gives him a telescope, microscope, and subscription to Scientific American. He is constantly tinkering, trying to work aluminium, build a rigid-skin balloon. Illness prevents him from attending classes, so he becomes self-educated. Uniquely among rocket pioneers he is inspired by H G Wells' War of the Worlds rather than the works of Jules Verne. On this date, while climbing a cherry tree, the ten year old had a vision. He saw a huge flying machine, propelled by whirling unequal horizontal centrifugal devices, rising from a pit, heading for Mars. Although he would give up working on a 'perpetual motion' device of this type for several years, he abandoned the idea when he discovered Newton's laws of motion.

1901 October 19 - .
  • Birth of Arleigh A Burke - . Nation: USA. Summary: American officer. Chief of Naval Operations, 1955-1961, during development of the Polaris SLBM..

1912 October 19 - .
1917 October 19 - .
  • Birth of Josef Martin Michel - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1941 October 19 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard P-C.
  • End of Goddard sounding rocket tests - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. The Goddard P series pump-turbine tests had run from November 1939-October 1941. The series included 15 proving-stand tests and nine attempts at flight tests, of which only two resulted in flights. Average interval between tests was 28 days. This also ended Goddard development of liquid fuel rockets for space flight. Beginning in September 1941 with the impending involvement of the US in the world war, the Goddard rocket establishment worked under contracts with the Bureau of Aeronautics of the Navy Department and the Army Air Forces. Up to that point Goddard's team had completed 103 liquid rocket proving stand tests and made 48 attempts at flight tests, of which 31 resulted in rocket flights

1944 October 19 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-246.
1945 October 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC A. LV Configuration: WAC A 8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). Summary: The nose ejected just after the rocket cleared the tower..

1948 October 19 - .
  • First views of earth from near-orbital height. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Photographs of the earth's surface taken from altitudes between 60 and 70 miles by cameras installed in rockets, were released by the Navy..

1949 October 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1. LV Configuration: R-1 II-22.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1953 October 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11. LV Configuration: R-1 8A11 No 320.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1954 October 19 - .
  • X-1B Flight 6 - . Crew: Childs. Payload: X-1B flight 5. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Childs. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1B. Summary: AF flight 5..

1954 October 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3B. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3B 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE. Apogee: 36 km (22 mi).

1956 October 19 - .
  • Hungarian rebellion forces Soviet troops to withdraw from Budapest - . Nation: USSR.

1957 October 19 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 2.1 S x 161.1 W. Launch Platform: AGB-4. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Loki Rockoon. LV Configuration: Loki Rockoon SUI 87.
  • II5.63F Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 October 19 - . LV Family: Saturn C-3; Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • Project Rover request for bids. - . Nation: USA. Program: NERVA. Summary: Kiwi-A No. 3 static test of nuclear rocket propulsion was successfully conducted at AEC Nevada test site, resulting in NASA-AEC call for bids for industrial development phase of Project Rover on November 1, 1960..

1960 October 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Gosling.
  • E48 Re-entry vehicle Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1961 October 19 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. LV Configuration: Scout X-1 ST-7.
  • P-21 Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6,855 km (4,259 mi).

1962 October 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI44.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 October 19 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. LV Configuration: Atlas F 14F.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1964 October 19 - .
  • Voskhod 1 crew in Moscow - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Komarov; Yegorov; Feoktistov; Brezhnev; Biryuzov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 1. Spacecraft: Voskhod. The crew arrives at Vnukovo Airfield at 12:30 aboard an Il-18. The crew walks up to the reviewing stand and Komarov makes the standard report to the Communist Party and Soviet Ministers. At 14:00 there is a meeting at Red Square, and at 17:00 an audience at the Kremlin. The next day will be the customary meeting with Korolev and the workers of OKB-1, and the day after, the press conference, and on 22 October the meeting with the staff at the Cosmonaut Training Centre. The celebrations provide the first opportunity for Brezhnev to present himself in public in the role previously held by Khrushchev. The celebrations are somewhat dampened by new that an Il-18 crashed near Belgrade, killing all 17 occupants of a military delegation, including Marshal Biryuzov. This was the same aircraft and same crew that had flown the cosmonauts from Kustanin to Tyuratam....

1964 October 19 - .
  • Work stopped on Apollo LTA 10 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Summary: MSC ordered Grumman to halt work on the LEM test article (LTA) 10. The LTA-10's descent stage would be replaced with one cannibalized from LEM test mockup 5..

1964 October 19 - .
1964 October 19 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 October 19 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 October 19 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 October 19 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 October 19 - . 15:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.24GI-II.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 840 km (520 mi).

1964 October 19 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. Launch Vehicle: Blue Streak. LV Configuration: Blue Streak F-2.
  • Blue Streak only. Successful. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1965 October 19 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 93 - . Payload: DS-U2-V s/n 1. Mass: 305 kg (672 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-V. Completed Operations Date: 1965-12-16 . Decay Date: 1966-01-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 1629 . COSPAR: 1965-084A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Summary: Military technology development satellite - mission still classified..

1965 October 19 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.98GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1965 October 19 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.142NA.
  • Colorado / Ikeya-Seki Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1965 October 19 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.174GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 October 19 - .
  • Von Braun complains of transfer of Apollo lunar work - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun; Mueller; Stuhlinger. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Marshall Space Flight Center Director Wernher von Braun wrote MSC Director Robert R. Gilruth that MSFC had spent a considerable effort in planning the transfer of study and development tasks in the lunar exploration program to MSC. Von Braun said, "We feel it is in the spirit of the MSF Hideaway Management Council Meeting held on August 13-15, 1966, to consider the majority of our Lunar Exploration Work Program for transfer to MSC in consonance with Bob Seamans' directive which designates MSC as the Lead Center for lunar science." He added that MSFC had formulated a proposal which it felt was in agreement with the directives and at the same time provided for management interfaces between the two Centers without difficulty.

    Briefly MSFC proposed to transfer to MSC:

    1. planning for Apollo Applications lunar traverses;
    2. lunar surface geological, geophysical, geochemical, biological, and biomedical experiments; and
    3. emplaced scientific station experiments.
    MSFC proposed to retain

    1. the local scientific survey module and related mobility efforts,
    2. Apollo Applications program lunar drill,
    3. lunar surveying system, and
    4. lunar flying device (one man flying machine).
    He added that MSFC had been working in specific areas of scientific technology that promised to furnish experiments that could be used on the lunar surface or from lunar orbit as well as from a planetary vehicle for planetary observations. Among these were radar and laser altimetry and infrared spectroscopy.

    Von Braun said that Ernst Stuhlinger of the Research Projects Laboratory had discussed the proposed actions for transfer of functions to MSC, and MSC Experiments Program Manager Robert O. Piland had indicated his general agreement, pending further consideration. He asked that Gilruth give his reaction to the proposal and said, "It would be very helpful if our two Centers could present a proposal to George Mueller (OMSF) on which we both agree."


1967 October 19 - .
  • Mariner 5 Flyby of Venus - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mariner 5.

1967 October 19 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.239US.
  • Solar / geo Ly-alpha Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1967 October 19 - . 17:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B. LV Configuration: Scout B S159C.
  • RAM C-1 Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1968 October 19 - .
  • Sunday at the cosmodrome. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev. Flight: Soyuz 3. Summary: Nikolayev wants to take Kamanin duck hunting..

1968 October 19 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2A.
  • Cosmos 248 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: IS-P. Decay Date: 1980-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 3503 . COSPAR: 1968-090A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 475 km (295 mi). Inclination: 62.3000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Summary: ASAT target. Intercepted repeatedly by Cosmos 249 on 20 October; destroyed by Cosmos 252 on 1 November..

1969 October 19 - .
  • Post mortem on the Soyuz 6-7-8 mission - . Nation: USSR. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 6; Soyuz 7; Soyuz 8. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. State commission meets to do a post mortem on the Soyuz 6-7-8 mission. Kamanin gives a 15-minute briefing on the readiness of the crews for flight. He pointed to the need for more information and training on manual flight and navigation of the spacecraft, and more active use of the pilots throughout the mission. Then the commission acts out a few scenes of their meting for the press, television, and a documentary filmmaker. The Soyuz crews are undergoing medical exams at Area 17 at Baikonur.

1969 October 19 - .
  • DOS Conspiracy briefed to wide circle of space planners - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Ustinov; Feoktistov; Keldysh; Afanasyev, Sergei; Tyulin; Serbin; Bushuyev; Semenov; Chelomei. Program: Lunar L3; Almaz; Salyut. Spacecraft: LK; Soyuz 7K-LOK; Almaz OPS; Salyut 1. In the euphoria after the return of the Soyuz 6/7/8 crews, the problem was how to get Ustinov to meet further with the DOS 'conspirators'. Mishin had prohibited any meetings by TsKBEM staff with the Communist Party Secretary unless Mishin was also present. Another obstacle was that Feoktistov was not a party member; how could his presence at a party meeting be explained to Mishin later?

    In any event these consideations were simply ignored. Feoktistov was present at a party meeting with Keldysh, Afanasyev, Tyulin, Serbin, and the Ministry of Defence's party cell: Strogonov, Kravtsev, and Popov. Keldysh was mainly worried how the project would affect the N1, but was reassured that the N1 had a dedicated work force, and the L3 lunar lander spacecraft engineers and workers that would work on DOS were currently idle and had no part of that work. It was finally decided to go ahead with the DOS no earlier than January, to allow time for Ministry Decrees, approval of a work plan by the VPK, preparation of a decree for signature by the Central Committee of the Communist Party and the Soviet Ministers. Work began on the project in December 1969 under the initial auspices of the Academy of Sciences. Additional Details: DOS Conspiracy briefed to wide circle of space planners.


1970 October 19 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC S58. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S58 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC; ESRO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 October 19 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Sandhawk Tomahawk BUBIA.
  • Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 467 km (290 mi).

1971 October 19 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 453 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 44. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-03-19 . Decay Date: 1972-03-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 5563 . COSPAR: 1971-090A. Apogee: 497 km (308 mi). Perigee: 267 km (165 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 October 19 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170A NASA 13.113GT.
  • MSFC RR-2 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 October 19 - .
  • M2 Flight 36 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: M2-F3 flight 20. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Summary: Maximum Speed - 961 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14360 m. Flight Time - 359 sec..

1972 October 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC104. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BI-4 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1973 October 19 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.105-11.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Ute Tomahawk CRL A09.301-3.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.105-2.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 10:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-07 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. Decay Date: 1983-07-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 6877 . COSPAR: 1973-076A. Apogee: 40,055 km (24,888 mi). Perigee: 555 km (344 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 722.90 min. Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system within the Soviet Union and transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita and participating international networks (international cooperation scheme).

1973 October 19 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.005-2.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Ute Tomahawk CRL A09.106-3.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.105-12.
  • Release YVONNE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1974 October 19 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.16AS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1976 October 19 - .
  • Birth of Ko San - . Nation: Korea South. Summary: Korean scientist cosmonaut, 2006-2008..

1976 October 19 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1977 October 19 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-04.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 590 km (360 mi).

1977 October 19 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4. LV Configuration: Trident C-4 C4X-11.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 October 19 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • DM-3 Shuttle SRB development static firing - . Nation: USA. Summary: The third firing of a shuttle Solid Rocket Booster motor..

1978 October 19 - .
  • Third SRB firing, Thiokol - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1979 October 19 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Super Chief. Launch Vehicle: Talos Castor. LV Configuration: Talos Castor GL A51.970.
  • EXCEDE 2 (SPECTRAL) Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1981 October 19 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1982 October 19 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53734-137.
  • Cosmos 1417 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13617 . COSPAR: 1982-102A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1308..

1983 October 19 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1. LV Configuration: Ariane 1 L7.
  • Intelsat 5 F-7 - . Mass: 1,928 kg (4,250 lb). Nation: International. Agency: INTELSAT. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Intelsat 5. Completed Operations Date: 1996-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 14421 . COSPAR: 1983-105A. Apogee: 35,972 km (22,351 mi). Perigee: 35,928 km (22,324 mi). Inclination: 8.5000 deg. Period: 1,444.50 min. Ariane third stage. Launched by European Space Agency. Launch time 0045:36 GMT. Launched spacecraft Intelsat V F7. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 60 deg E in 1984-1985; 66 deg E in 1985-1991; 57 deg E in 1991-1995; 47 deg E in 1995-1996 As of 28 August 2001 located at 140.34 deg E drifting at 2.062 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 88.83W drifting at 2.097W degrees per day.

1987 October 19 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1988 October 19 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Hydac.
  • HAVE JEEP II-C Reentry test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF BMD. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1989 October 19 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: SAIN. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1992 October 19 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 738. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 DASO-10.
  • DASO-10 demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 October 19 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R904.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1995 October 19 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42L. LV Configuration: Ariane 42L-3 V79.
  • Astra 1E - . Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: SES. Program: Astra. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 23686 . COSPAR: 1995-055A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Western Europe digital TV; 18 Ku-band transponders. Stationed at 19.2 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 19 deg E in 1995-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 19.16 deg E drifting at 0.002 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 19.18E drifting at 0.019W degrees per day.

1999 October 19 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP-3 V122.
  • Orion 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Arianespace. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Program: Orion. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 25949 . COSPAR: 1999-059A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Satellite used for international communications; complement the Telstar satellites operated by Loral Skynet. Stationed at 15 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 15 deg W in 1999. As of 6 September 2001 located at 14.97 deg W drifting at 0.006 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 14.99W drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.

2000 October 19 - .
  • No immediate Chinese lunar landing plans - . Nation: China. Spacecraft: Chinese Lunar Base. Summary: Chinese scientists clarifed that their space robotics research was purely academic and that there was no officially authorised Chinese lunar landing program..

2000 October 19 - .
  • Death of Wesley L Hjornevik - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hjornevik. Summary: American bureaucrat. In federal service from 1949, NASA from 1959. Associate Director for Manned Space flight, Houston, 1961-1969. Then went to other government departments, and finally state of Texas..

2004 October 19 - .
  • Death of Paul H Nitze - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Nitze. Summary: American manager, director of the U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey, 1944-1946, senior defense department positions 1961-1969..

2004 October 19 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-3A. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 3A CZ3A-9 (81).
  • FY-2C - . Mass: 1,380 kg (3,040 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: FY-2. USAF Sat Cat: 28451 . COSPAR: 2004-042A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.7000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Third Fengyun-2 weather satellite. The apogee motor placed the satellite into a drifting geostationary orbit. As of the date of the launch, four FY-2 satellites had been launched. FY-2 01 was destroyed in a ground fire 1994. FY-2 02 / FY-2A was placed in reserve in May 2000 86 deg E; and FY-2 03 / FY-2B was operational at 123 deg E. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 104.44E drifting at 0.026W degrees per day.

2005 October 19 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 404B. LV Configuration: Titan 404B 4B-26.
  • USA 186 - . Payload: NRO L-20 (EIS-3?). Mass: 20,000 kg (44,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Improved Crystal. USAF Sat Cat: 28888 . COSPAR: 2005-042A. Apogee: 1,050 km (650 mi). Perigee: 264 km (164 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Delayed from 2003; February 2004; and June 30, July 10, September 9, 2005. Last launch of the Titan series put a classified National Reconnaisance Office satellite into polar orbit. Its orbital parameters, as determined by amateur observors, suggested it was an Improved Crystal electronic imaging reconnaissace satellite, replacing USA 129, which was launched in 1996.

2006 October 19 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz ST. LV Configuration: Soyuz-2-1A/Fregat Zh15000-003/ST16.
  • Metop-A - . Mass: 4,093 kg (9,023 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: RKA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Metop. USAF Sat Cat: 29499 . COSPAR: 2006-044A. Apogee: 817 km (507 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.00 min. European polar weather satellite equipped with high-resolution visible and infrared cameras, a microwave sounder, ozone monitors, a GPS atmospheric sounding device, a wind scatterometer, and a search and rescue package. First launch of the Soyuz 2 version of the venerable Soyuz launch vehicle. The main change in this first version of the new booster was a digital control system. Problems with this system delayed the launch repeatedly.

2008 October 19 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein DZ. Launch Pad: 7.7 N x 167.7 E. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL.
  • IBEX - . Mass: 107 kg (235 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: OSC. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Microstar. USAF Sat Cat: 33401 . COSPAR: 2008-051A. Apogee: 299,827 km (186,303 mi). Perigee: 12,415 km (7,714 mi). Inclination: 14.0000 deg. Period: 10,865.20 min. Summary: Interstellar Boundary Explorer. Mission was to map, from its high earth orbit, the boundary of the heliosphere, the point at the limits of the solar system where the solar wind is overcome by the interstellar medium..

2010 October 19 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M.
  • Globalstar M079 - . Payload: Globalstar-2 M079. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: RKA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 37188 . COSPAR: 2010-054A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: First six or 48 new-generation Globalstar-2 satellites that will replace the 44 operational Globalstar satellites already aloft..
  • Globalstar M074 - . Payload: Globalstar-2 M074. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: RKA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 37189 . COSPAR: 2010-054B. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar M076 - . Payload: Globalstar-2 M076. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: RKA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 37190 . COSPAR: 2010-054C. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar M077 - . Payload: Globalstar-2 M077. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: RKA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 37191 . COSPAR: 2010-054D. Apogee: 993 km (617 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 104.50 min.
  • Globalstar M075 - . Payload: Globalstar-2 M075. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: RKA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 37192 . COSPAR: 2010-054E. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar M073 - . Payload: Globalstar-2 M073. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: RKA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 37193 . COSPAR: 2010-054F. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min.

2011 October 19 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton.
  • Viasat 1 - . Mass: 6,740 kg (14,850 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 37843 . COSPAR: 2011-059A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ka-band broadband data satellite for North American service. Coverage included 9 Canadian spot beams owned by Telesat and 63 US beams owned by ViaSat..

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