Encyclopedia Astronautica
October 24


October 24 Chronology


1851 October 24 - .
  • William Lassell's Discovery of Uranus Moons Umbriel and Ariel - . Nation: UK.

1908 October 24 - .
  • Birth of Aleksei Mikhailovich Isayev - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Soviet Chief Designer at OKB-2, 1947-1971. Developed storable rocket engines for missiles, supplying innovative engines for Scuds, SLBM's. Leading designer of restartable space engines for satellites, manned spacecraft, and space stations..

1944 October 24 - . Launch Vehicle: A4b.
  • Construction of 5 prototype A4b winged V-2's completed - . Nation: Germany. The A-4b was a winged V-2. This resurrected work on the A-9, abandoned in 1943 to concentrate on V-2 production. The A9 was to be the second stage of an ICBM designed to reach North America. By this time in the war the intent was to extend the range of the V-2 once Allied forces pushed the German lines so far back that Britain could no longer be targeted.

1945 October 24 - .
1946 October 24 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 13.
  • Solar ultraviolet / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Launched 12:18 local time. Reached 104.8 km. Carried cosmic and soalr radiaiton, winds, photography experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University. The John Hopkins camera took motion pictures of the earth at over 100 km altitude (pictures covered 100,000 square km.)

1950 October 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 51R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 October 24 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman SLED. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: MX-775.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 October 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 126R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 October 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10. LV Configuration: X-10 s/n 11 GM-52-4.
  • Navaho X-10 flight 17 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Navaho. Summary: An engine problem resulted in a mission abort. After autolanding the nose wheel developed a shimmy, the vehicle ran off the skid strip, caught fire, and was destroyed..

1956 October 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10. LV Configuration: X-10 s/n 13 GM-52-6.
  • Navaho X-10 flight 26 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Navaho. Summary: Successful inertial navigation test flight..

1957 October 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 3-204-3.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 October 24 - . 16:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18 109.
  • Series I research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi). Summary: Stripped down Thor long-range flight test successful from AMR, impacting 4400 km downrange..

1958 October 24 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Redstone static firing at White Sands. - . Nation: USA. Summary: The Redstone underwent static firing at White Sands Missile Range, the first time such a test had been conducted there..

1959 October 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1960 October 24 - .
1960 October 24 - .
  • Death of Yevgeni Ilich Ostashev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ostashev. Summary: Russian officer. First Directorate Chief of Baikonur 1956-1960. Died in the Nedelin catastrophe..

1960 October 24 - .
  • Death of Mitrofan Ivanovich Nedelin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nedelin. Summary: Russian officer. Deputy Minister of Defence 1955-1959. First Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces 1959-1964. Died in the Nedelin catastrophe..

1960 October 24 - .
1960 October 24 - .
  • Death of Aleksandr Ivanovich Nosov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nosov. Summary: Russian officer. Chief of launch command of Baikonur 1955-1958. Died in the Nedelin catastrophe..

1960 October 24 - .
  • Death of Nikolai Afansyevich Prokopov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Prokopov. Summary: Russian officer, Deputy Chief Third Directorate of GURVO, 1960. Service in WW2; part of special team sent to Germany in 1946 to secure rocket technology. Active in overseeing development of liquid rocket technology. Died in Nedelin disaster..

1960 October 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Platform: F4D-1 747. Launch Vehicle: Caleb. LV Configuration: Caleb NOTS EV-II. FAILURE: Second stage failed..
  • TV-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NOTS. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Summary: Research and Development Flight (TV-2).

1960 October 24 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16. LV Configuration: R-16 LKI. FAILURE: Exploded on pad, killing nearly 100 people..
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). First attempted launch of R-16 ICBM results in explosion on pad, killing over 100 military, engineers, and technicians, including Strategic Rocket Forces Marshal Nedelin. The first R-16 prototype was fuelled and on the pad, awaiting launch. An electrical problem developed, leading to a hold. Marshal Nedelin, commander of the Strategic Rocket Forces, ordered the engineers and technicians to fix the problem without the long delay of defuelling and refurbishing the missile. He personally had a deck chair brought out to the pad so he could watch the work first-hand. At 18:45 local time a spurious radio signal ordered the second stage of the rocket to fire while workers swarmed around the missile in its gantry. The missile exploded, killing a good part of the Soviet Union's rocket engineering and management talent. Among the dead were Nedelin, Konoptev, Grishin, Nosov, Kontsevsky, and Lev Berlin. 74 people were killed immediately, and 48 died in the ensuing weeks from burns or contact with the toxic and corrosive propellants. The total included 38 civilian engineers and 84 officers and enlisted rocket technicians. Yangel, the rocket's designer, was spared only because he had slipped into a bunker for a cigarette when the explosion occurred.

1960 October 24 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I J-6.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Titan ICBM fired 6,100 miles / 9800 km, 100 miles longer than any previous shot, with tactical-type nose cone..

1961 October 24 - .
  • Birth of Susan Leigh Still-Kilrain - . Nation: USA. Summary: Jewish-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-83, STS-94. US Navy test pilot..

1961 October 24 - . LV Family: Nova. Launch Vehicle: Nova A.
  • Nova launch vehicle studies begun. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: Studies of "unconventional" rockets using liquid fuels in the thrust range from 2 to 24 million pounds announced by NASA; 2 contracts being carried out by Aerojet-General and Rocketdyne Division of North American Aviation..

1961 October 24 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark-2 SL37.
  • Solar X-rays / Meteors / SpE Solar / aeronomy / chemica mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1961 October 24 - . 03:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-8.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1961 October 24 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I AJ-21.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 October 24 - .
  • Final manned lunar landing mode report - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kennedy; Wiesner. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Mode Debate; LM Source Selection. Faced by opposition of mode selection by Jerome Wiesner, Kennedy's science adviser, NASA let contracts to McDonnell and STL for direct two-man flight modes. Both concluded that it was feasible but would require LH2/LOX stages for descent and ascent from lunar surface, which NASA/STG adamantly opposed. This was also the last stab - for the time being - at 'lunar Gemini'.

    The Office of Systems under NASA's Office of Manned Space Flight completed a manned lunar landing mode comparison embodying the most recent studies by contractors and NASA Centers. The report was the outgrowth of the decision announced by NASA on July 11 to continue studies on lunar landing modes while basing planning and procurement primarily on the lunar orbit rendezvous (LOR) technique. Additional Details: Final manned lunar landing mode report.


1962 October 24 - . 09:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: HAD. LV Configuration: HAD 111.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1962 October 24 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78 T103-15. FAILURE: 16 seconds after ignition of Stage 4, Block L's S1.5400A1 engine exploded. A lubricant leak resulted in the jamming of a shaft in the turbopump gearbox and break up of the turbine.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Sputnik 22 - . Payload: 2MV-4 s/n 3. Mass: 6,500 kg (14,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Mars. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft: Mars 2MV-4. Decay Date: 1962-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 443 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Iota-1. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Mars probe intended to photograph Mars on a flyby trajectory. The spacecraft broke into many pieces, some of which apparently remained in Earth orbit for a few days. This occurred during the Cuban missile crisis and was picked up by U.S. military radar installations, who originally feared it might by the start of a Soviet nuclear attack.

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC70. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9.
  • Silo explosion kills 7 at Baikonur - . Nation: USSR. On 24 October 1963 an R-9 was being prepared for launch in a silo at LC-70. Unknown to the 11 man launch crew, an oxygen leak in the fuelling system had raised the oxygen partial pressure in the silo from the 21% maximum allowed to 32%. Whie the crew was descending in a lift to the 8th level of the silo, a spark from an electrical panel created a fire in the explosive atmosphere, killing seven and destroying the silo. This happened on the same day as the Nedelin disaster three years earlier, and became the cosmodrome's 'Black Day'. Forever after no launches were attempted from Baikonur on October 24.

1963 October 24 - .
  • NASA-Industry Apollo Executives Group - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. The NASA-Industry Apollo Executives Group, composed of top managers in OMSF and executives of the major Apollo contractors, met for the first time. The group met with George E. Mueller, NASA Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, for status briefings and problem discussions. In this manner, NASA sought to make executives personally aware of major problems in the program.

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Second stage failed 353 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-A1 s/n 4 - . Payload: DS-A1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. COSPAR: F631024A. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 609. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 609. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 609. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. Launch Vehicle: Dac Roc.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 609. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 609. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 609. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 October 24 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI50. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Bio (Cat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1964 October 24 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 49 - . Payload: DS-MG s/n 2. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MG. Completed Operations Date: 1964-11-09 . Decay Date: 1965-08-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 913 . COSPAR: 1964-069A. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 260 km (160 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Summary: Payload developed by VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied measured Earth infrared and ultraviolet flux..

1964 October 24 - . 17:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 October 24 - .
  • Several nearly catastrophic malfunctions in the Apollo steam generation system at White Sands - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. MSC established a committee to investigate several nearly catastrophic malfunctions in the steam generation system at the White Sands Test Facility. The system was used to pump down altitude cells in LM propulsion system development. Committee members were Joseph G. Thibodaux, chairman; Hugh D. White, secretary; Harry Byington, Henry O. Pohl, Robert W. Polifka, and Allen H. Watkins, all of MSC.

1967 October 24 - .
  • Soyuz launch commission - . Nation: USSR. Program: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Summary: Soyuz launch commission is held at Area 31 at 17:00..

1967 October 24 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AG07.637.
  • Arecibo calibration Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 October 24 - . 22:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 184 - . Payload: Meteor no. 8. Mass: 4,730 kg (10,420 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor. Decay Date: 1989-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 3010 . COSPAR: 1967-102A. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi). Perigee: 409 km (254 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1968 October 24 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Retesting Saturn V following a lightning strike - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 8. Summary: Howard D. Burns, Chief of the Saturn V Test Management Office at MSFC, sent to Apollo launch operations officials at KSC a list of requirements for retesting the Saturn V following a lightning strike on the vehicle while on the pad.. Additional Details: Retesting Saturn V following a lightning strike.

1968 October 24 - .
  • Molniya-2 satellite authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. Summary: Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On establishment of the Kristall communications system based on Molniya-2 satellites' was issued. Kristall would be used for strategic communications..

1968 October 24 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 - lost opportunity in 1961 - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Glushko; Korolev; Isayev; Mishin. Program: Lunar L3. Flight: Soyuz 3. Spacecraft: LK; Soyuz 7K-LOK. Glushko has a private conversation with Isayev at the N1 MIK during the Soyuz 3 launch preparations. Glushko revealed to Isayev that in 1961 he had offered Korolev a compromise - if Korolev would use the same 'packet' scheme for the N1 that he had used on the R-7, so that the individual engine modules could be individually tested on the ground before flight, Glushko would give up his insistence on the use of storable propellants. However, after checking with Mishin, Korolev would not compromise. Additional Details: N1 - lost opportunity in 1961.

1968 October 24 - .
  • Soyuz 2 roll-out. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 3. Kamanin visits the Korolev and Gagarin cottages. He finds them in bad condition, in need of repair. They should be restored as they were in 1961 and be made into museums. At 16:00 the rocket is rolled out to Area 31. 500 are present at the State Commission meeting.

1968 October 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 FTM-202.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1968 October 24 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 FTM-2191.
  • GIANT FIST 2A demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1968 October 24 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Smith Ranch Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 39.3 N x 117.5 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-81-141.
  • X-15A WTR/HS/FAB/FP Test/Technology/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi). Summary: Last flight. Maximum Speed - 5979 kph. Maximum Altitude - 77720 m..

1968 October 24 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas 2 NASA 15.43II.
  • RTG SA1 / 1-K68 Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1969 October 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC142/34. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67P. LV Configuration: R-36 8K67P Palma-3.
  • RVSN Command operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 October 24 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C S68/1.
  • ESRO S68 / 1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1969 October 24 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 306 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-11-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 4182 . COSPAR: 1969-093A. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1969 October 24 - . 13:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 307 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 22. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-11-11 . Decay Date: 1970-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 4184 . COSPAR: 1969-094A. Apogee: 2,150 km (1,330 mi). Perigee: 229 km (142 mi). Inclination: 48.3000 deg. Period: 109.20 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 October 24 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3B. LV Configuration: Titan 23B 23B-2 (3B-24).
  • OPS 8455 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 24 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1969-11-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 4186 . COSPAR: 1969-095A. Apogee: 740 km (450 mi). Perigee: 136 km (84 mi). Inclination: 108.0000 deg. Period: 93.40 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1970 October 24 - .
  • Cosmonauts oppose ocean landing for the L3. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Afanasyev, Sergei. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK. Summary: 18 VVS officers and cosmonauts meet to discuss the L3 water landing issue. Kamanin is to draft a letter against the concept to Mishin and Afanaseyev..

1971 October 24 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Terrier Tomahawk SECEDE I R21.
  • CANUTO-A Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1971 October 24 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL974.
  • GX3+1 Lunar Occultation X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1972 October 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper. LV Configuration: Forschungsflugkorper 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR C-FFK-46 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1972 October 24 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.20GT.
  • CALROC test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1973 October 24 - . 03:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA CRL A16.313-01.
  • VLF Propagation Ionosphere VLF mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 609 km (378 mi).

1973 October 24 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.06UG.
  • JHU UVT F7 Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1974 October 24 - . Launch Site: WTR Launch Area. Launch Platform: C-5A. Launch Vehicle: M55E1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

1974 October 24 - . 12:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-28 - . Payload: Molniya-1 s/n 26. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1985-12-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 7480 . COSPAR: 1974-081A. Apogee: 40,633 km (25,248 mi). Perigee: 607 km (377 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 735.80 min. Summary: Decay date suspect Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T. Operation of a system of long range telephone-telegraph radiocommunication, and transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to the stations of the Orbita network..

1975 October 24 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1976 October 24 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1977 October 24 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi).

1978 October 24 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2910. LV Configuration: Delta 2910 630/D145.
  • Nimbus 7 - . Payload: Nimbus G. Mass: 907 kg (1,999 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Nimbus. USAF Sat Cat: 11080 . COSPAR: 1978-098A. Apogee: 957 km (594 mi). Perigee: 943 km (585 mi). Inclination: 99.0000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Environmental research. The experiments carried were a limb infrared monitoring of the stratosphere (LIMS), stratospheric and mesopheric sounder (SAMS), coastal-zone color scanner (CZCS), stratospheric aerosol measurement (SAM II), earth radiation budget (ERB), scanning multichannel microwave radiometer (SMMR), solar backscatter UV and total ozone mapping spectrometer (SBUV/TOMS), and temperature-humidity infrared radiometer (THIR). These sensors were capable of observing several parameters at and below the mesospheric levels. After 11 years in orbit, three experiments, SAM II, SBUV/TOMS, and ERB, were still functioning successfully.
  • CAMEO - . Payload: CAMEO Li Canister/CAMEO Ba Canister. Mass: 350 kg (770 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: CAMEO. USAF Sat Cat: 11081 . COSPAR: 1978-098B. Apogee: 968 km (601 mi). Perigee: 924 km (574 mi). Inclination: 99.4000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Summary: Released barium cloud..

1978 October 24 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65055-106.
  • Intercosmos 18 - . Payload: AUOS-Z-M-IK. Mass: 1,050 kg (2,310 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: IK. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Completed Operations Date: 1981-03-18 . Decay Date: 1981-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 11082 . COSPAR: 1978-099A. Apogee: 757 km (470 mi). Perigee: 403 km (250 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 96.30 min. Conduct of complex investigations on the interaction between the magnetosphere and ionosphere of the earth. Launched under the Intercosmos programme by the USSR in cooperation with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the H ungarian People's Republic, the Polish People's Republic and the Socialist Republic of Romania. On 14 Nov 1978, Magion, a small Czechoslovak scientific satellite, separated from object 1296.
  • Magion 1 - . Payload: S2. Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: Czech Republic. Agency: RVSN. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Magion. Decay Date: 1981-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 11110 . COSPAR: 1978-099B. Apogee: 762 km (473 mi). Perigee: 404 km (251 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 96.40 min. Ionospheric, magnetospheric studies. The Czechoslovak satellite MAGION was launched into orbit by the Soviet spacecraft Intercosmos 18. It forms a part of the scientific programme of Intercosmos 18, launched from USSR territory on 24 Oct 1978. MAGION was separated into an autonomous orbit on 14 Nov 1978. General function: Reasearch of the magnetosphere and ionosphere of the earth (magnetosphere-ionosphere satellite).

1979 October 24 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1980 October 24 - .
  • Death of Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov at Akhtubinsk, Russia. Crash of MiG-27 aircraft during test flight. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Ivanov. Summary: Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Higher Air Force School, Katchinsk, 1971 Major and pilot, Soviet Air Force. Cosmonaut training 23 August 1976 - 30 January 1979..

1980 October 24 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1217 - . Payload: Oko #17. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 12032 . COSPAR: 1980-085A. Apogee: 38,306 km (23,802 mi). Perigee: 2,007 km (1,247 mi). Inclination: 67.0000 deg. Period: 716.90 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1188. Covered Oko constellation plane 2 - 316 degree longitude of ascending node..

1981 October 24 - . Launch Site: Tawiwa. Launch Vehicle: Otrag. LV Configuration: 1 x 2.5 tonne thrust.
  • Otrag Flight 8 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: OTRAG. Summary: Oxidizer depletion first (rough).

1983 October 24 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1984 October 24 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.41UE.
  • MINI (Metal Ions) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1984 October 24 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC SSC S38.
  • TOR Aurora / fields / chemical release mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1985 October 24 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 3-01 - . Payload: Meteor-3 s/n 2. Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16191 . COSPAR: 1985-100A. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi). Perigee: 1,182 km (734 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Summary: First successful launch of new Meteor-3 spacecraft. Further improvement of the meteorological system using artificial earth satellite, including development of informational and measurement apparatus and remote sensing methods..

1987 October 24 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1988 October 24 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.41UL.
  • SOLLY Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1989 October 24 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 3-03 - . Payload: Meteor-3 s/n 4. Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20305 . COSPAR: 1989-086A. Apogee: 1,249 km (776 mi). Perigee: 1,240 km (770 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 110.40 min. Summary: Testing data-measuring equipment and methods for remote sensing of the atmosphere and Earth's surface to benefit the Soviet economy and science. .

1990 October 24 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1996 October 24 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML PVB71612-697.
  • Molniya-3-48 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 62. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 2007-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 24640 . COSPAR: 1996-060A. Apogee: 38,520 km (23,930 mi). Perigee: 1,837 km (1,141 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 717.80 min.

1997 October 24 - . 02:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 403A. LV Configuration: Titan 403A 4A-18 (K-18, 45F-3).
  • USA 133 - . Payload: Lacrosse 3. Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Manufacturer: Martin. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Lacrosse. USAF Sat Cat: 25017 . COSPAR: 1997-064A. Apogee: 679 km (421 mi). Perigee: 666 km (413 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Summary: Still operating December 1997..

1998 October 24 - . 12:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7326-9.5. LV Configuration: Delta 7326-9.5 D261.
  • Deep Space 1 - . Mass: 486 kg (1,071 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: JPL. Class: Asteroids. Type: Asteroid probe. Spacecraft: Deep Space 1. USAF Sat Cat: 25508 . COSPAR: 1998-061A. The primary mission of Deep Space 1 probe was to test new technology for future interplanetary spacecraft, the main experiment being an ion propulsion engine using xenon propellant. It had an initial mass of 486.3 kg, including 81.5 kg of Xenon and 31.1 kg of hydrazine propellants. The Delta 7326 used three Alliant GEM-40 solid strap-on motors, the standard Delta II core vehicle, and a Thiokol Star 37FM solid motor as the third stage. The Delta second stage entered a 185 km parking orbit, then fired again to enter a 174 km x 2744 km x 28.5 degree orbit. The Star 37FM then separated and accelerated to place Deep Space 1 to escape velocity. Deep Space 1 successfully started its ion engine on November 24 after an initial attempt failed after four minutes on November 10. From its initial solar orbit of 0.99 AU x 1.32 AU x 0.4 degree, Deep Space 1 was to fly past the 3 km diameter asteroid 1992 KD at its perihelion of 1.33 AU. The spacecraft then flew past the nucleus of comet 19P/Borrelly at a distance of 2200 km at 2230 GMT on Sep 22 2001. It survived the encounter in good shape, sending back photos of the comet. At the encounter DS1 was in a 1.3 x 1.5 AU x 0 deg (ecliptic) solar orbit; Borrelly's orbit was 1.3 x 5.9 AU.
  • SEDSAT 1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Boeing. Manufacturer: SEDS. Program: STS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SEDSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 25509 . COSPAR: 1998-061B. Apogee: 1,050 km (650 mi). Perigee: 544 km (338 mi). Inclination: 31.4000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Following separation of the third stage and the primary Deep Space 1 payload, the Delta second stage manoeuvred from its 185 km parking orbit to a 174 km x 2744 km x 28.5 degree orbit. It then released the SEDSAT micro-satellite, built by the Huntsville, Alabama chapter of SEDS (the Students for the Exploration and Development of Space). SEDSAT has two amateur radio transponders and an earth imaging camera.

2000 October 24 - .
  • STS-92 Mission Status Report #28 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao; Duffy; Lopez-Alegria; McArthur; Melroy; Ross; Wakata; Wisoff. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-92. Discovery glided to a textbook landing under sunny skies at Edwards Air Force Base in California on Tuesday, completing a successful mission to the International Space Station. The crew spent more than two extra days in space because of unfavorable weather at Kennedy Space Center in Florida and at Edwards. Additional Details: STS-92 Mission Status Report #28.

2000 October 24 - .
2001 October 24 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiu Peng AB. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sounding Rocket 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Taiwan. Agency: NSPO. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

2002 October 24 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 14 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Siebold; Shane. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Summary: Flight Time: 0.3 hours Pilot: Siebold Copilot: Shane. Objectives: FAA-monitored flight for pilot "Type Rating". Results: Rating issued.

2002 October 24 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Siebold. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Summary: Flight Time: 0.3 hours Pilot: Binnie Copilot: Siebold. Objectives: FAA-monitored flight for pilot "Type Rating". Results: Rating issued.

2002 October 24 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Melvill; Shane. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Summary: Flight Time: 0.3 hours Pilot: Melvill Copilot: Shane. Objectives: FAA-monitored flight for pilot "Type Rating". Results: Rating issued.

2002 October 24 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Melvill; Shane. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Summary: Flight Time: 0.3 hours Pilot: Shane Copilot: Melvill. Objectives: FAA-monitored flight for pilot "Type Rating". Results: Rating issued.

2003 October 24 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Mk 70. LV Configuration: Terrier Mk 70 Orion NASA 12.053GT.
2004 October 24 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz TMA-4 - . Return Crew: Padalka; Fincke; Shargin. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Padalka; Fincke; Shargin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-10; ISS EO-9; ISS EP-7. At 1814 GMT on October 23 Padalka, Fincke and guest cosmonaut Shargin (delivered for a one week mission aboard Soyuz TMA-5), entered Soyuz TMA-4 and closed the hatches leaving Chiao and Sharipov as the EO-10 station crew. Soyuz TMA-4 undocked at 21:08 GMT and made a small separation burn at 21:11 GMT. At 23:42 GMT the deorbit burn lowered the orbit from 353 x 366 km to -23 x 355 km. The descent module separated at 00:08 GMT on October 24, with a landing at 50.47 deg N / 67.12 deg E near Arkalyk at 00:36 GMT.

2005 October 24 - .
  • Death of Willis H Shapley - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shapley. Summary: American manager, served at NASA 1965-1975 and 1987-1988..

2006 October 24 - .
  • Messenger, first Venus Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Messenger.

2007 October 24 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC1. Launch Pad: LC1?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-3A. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 3A CZ3A-15 (103).
  • Chang'e 1 - . Mass: 2,300 kg (5,000 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Chang'e. USAF Sat Cat: 32273 . COSPAR: 2007-051B. Apogee: 50,182 km (31,181 mi). Perigee: 147 km (91 mi). Inclination: 30.8000 deg. Period: 929.20 min. China's first unmanned lunar/planetary probe. The initial orbit of 221 x 50,602 km x 31.0 deg was raised to a translunar trajectory by 31 October in a serious of spacecraft engine burns. The spacecraft entered a 210 km x 8600 km lunar orbit at 03:37 GMT on 5 November.

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