Encyclopedia Astronautica
September 02


September 02 Chronology


1804 September 2 - .
  • Karl Harding's Discovery of Asteroid 3 Juno - . Nation: Germany.

1908 September 2 - .
  • Birth of Valentin Petrovich Glushko - . Nation: Russia; Ukraine. Summary: Soviet Chief Designer, responsible for all large liquid propellant engines for missiles and LVs. Led Glushko bureau, 1946-1974; Headed NPO Energia 1974-1989, directing development of Energia launch vehicle and Buran spaceplane..

1944 September 2 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 444. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 Battery 444 deploys to Euskirchen, with orders to attack Paris. - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht.

1944 September 2 - .
  • Birth of Claude Nicollier - . Nation: Switzerland. Summary: Swiss test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-46, STS-61, STS-75, STS-103. First Swiss astronaut..

1945 September 2 - .
  • Japan signs official surrender on V-J Day - . Nation: Japan.

1948 September 2 - .
  • Birth of Sharon Christa Corrigan McAuliffe - . Nation: USA. Summary: American teacher payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-L. Was to have been the first teacher in space. Died in Challenger accident..

1951 September 2 - .
  • Second flight of the 346-3 rocketplane. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: 346. Summary: Ziese was at the controls again..

1953 September 2 - .
1954 September 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 2513R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 September 2 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1958 September 2 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Luna 8K72.
  • Launch of Soviet Luna probes authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Luna. Spacecraft: Luna E-1. Summary: Decree 'On launch of automated lunar probes November' was issued..

1958 September 2 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2041.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 September 2 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2042 J-20.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 789 km (490 mi).

1958 September 2 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Pad: LC10?. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2043.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 789 km (490 mi).

1959 September 2 - .
1959 September 2 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1959 September 2 - . LV Family: Little Joe. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1 4P. FAILURE: Emergency escape rocket fired 30 minutes before planned launch..
  • Mercury LJ-1 - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Launching of Mercury capsule mockup from Wallops Station to test the escape and recovery systems; emergency escape rocket accidentally fired 30 minutes before scheduled firing of the Little Joe booster..

1959 September 2 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NN8.76CF.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 September 2 - .
  • Accelerated joint planning effort for NASA - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glennan. Program: Apollo. NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan directed that an accelerated joint planning effort be made by persons at NASA Headquarters who were most familiar with the Saturn, Apollo, manned orbital laboratory, and unmanned lunar and planetary programs. They were to determine whether the Saturn and Saturn-use programs were effectively integrated and whether sufficient design study and program development work had been done to support decisions on projected Saturn configurations. Additional Details: Accelerated joint planning effort for NASA.

1960 September 2 - . Launch Site: Warren AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Atlas SMS 564 operational. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Warren -1 AFB SMS 564 operational.

1960 September 2 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-45.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 September 2 - .
  • Japan prepares biological payload. - . Nation: Japan. Summary: Scientists at Nagoya University, Japan, were reported to be training monkey for space flight next year, hopefully in conjunction with Japanese Government-financed rocket program carried out by Tokyo University's Institute of Industrial Science..

1964 September 2 - . 03:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.55UG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1965 September 2 - . Launch Vehicle: Spiral 50-50.
1965 September 2 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2 Agena D 401 / Agena D SS-01A 1602. FAILURE: Agena-D failed; destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Starfish Radiation 2 - . Payload: OPS 3373 / FTV 1602. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Starfish. Decay Date: 1965-09-02 . COSPAR: F650902A. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi). Summary: Artificial radiation data..

1966 September 2 - .
  • M2 Flight 5 - . Crew: Thompson. Payload: M2-F2 flight 5. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Thompson. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Summary: Maximum Speed - 750 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 226sec..

1966 September 2 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K. LV Configuration: Proton 8K82K.
1966 September 2 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena D025.
  • USAF D025 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 September 2 - . 14:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.219GE.
  • SPICE 2A? Solar particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1966 September 2 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.220GE.
  • SPICE 2 Solar particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1966 September 2 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NRL NA3.182.
  • NRL NA3.182 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1967 September 2 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ION 2 / 67 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1967 September 2 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.44GE.
  • 4 Barium clouds Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 September 2 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.47GE.
  • E fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1968 September 2 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: M9135. Launch Platform: SHIP-SOV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1969 September 2 - .
  • Apollo 11 samples 3.1 billion years old - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: Analyses of the radioactive decay of Argon 40 and Neon 21 in two lunar samples indicated that the minimum age of the part of the Sea of Tranquillity from which the samples were obtained was about 3.1 billion years - plus or minus 200 million years..

1969 September 2 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 297 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-09-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 4082 . COSPAR: 1969-076A. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1970 September 2 - .
  • NASA canceling Apollo missions 15 and 19 because of congressional cuts - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Paine. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 14. Spacecraft: Apollo Lunar Landing. NASA was canceling Apollo missions 15 and 19 because of congressional cuts in FY 1971 NASA appropriations, Administrator Thomas O. Paine announced in a Washington news conference. Remaining missions would be designated Apollo 14 through 17. The Apollo budget would be reduced by $42.1 million, to $914.4 million - within total NASA $3.27 billion.

1970 September 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • FOT GT75B Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1970 September 2 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow. LV Configuration: Black Arrow R-2. FAILURE: Second stage shut down 13 seconds early.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Orba - . Payload: X 2. Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: Prospero. Decay Date: 1970-09-02 . COSPAR: F700902A. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Summary: Unsuccessful attempt to orbit a satellite..

1970 September 2 - . 10:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-16.
  • Ionosphere / release mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1971 September 2 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 616. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 September 2 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 616. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 September 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • OT GT29M operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 September 2 - . 07:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.434GE.
  • PCA particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1971 September 2 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D. LV Configuration: Proton-K/D 256-01.
  • Luna 18 - . Payload: Ye-8-5 s/n 407. Mass: 5,600 kg (12,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8-5. Decay Date: 1971-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 5448 . COSPAR: 1971-073A. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Perigee: 100 km (60 mi). Inclination: 35.0000 deg. Period: 119.00 min. Attempted lunar soil return mission; crashed while attempting to soft land at Latitude 3.57 N, Longitude 50.50 E - Mare Fecunditatis. Luna 18 used a new method of navigation in lunar orbit and for landing. The spacecraft's designer, Babakhin, had died at age 56 only the month before. Luna 18 successfully reached earth parking orbit before being put on a translunar trajectory. On September 7, 1971, it entered lunar orbit. The spacecraft completed 85 communications sessions and 54 lunar orbits before it was sent towards the lunar surface by use of braking rockets. It impacted the Moon on September 11, 1971, in a rugged mountainous terrain. Signals ceased at the moment of impact. Parameters are for lunar orbit.

1972 September 2 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. Launch Pad: LC43/pad?. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-4M - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. COSPAR: F720902A. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance mission..

1972 September 2 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1. LV Configuration: Scout B-1-F S182C.
  • Triad 1 - . Payload: TIP 1. Mass: 94 kg (207 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: TIP. USAF Sat Cat: 6173 . COSPAR: 1972-069A. Apogee: 792 km (492 mi). Perigee: 709 km (440 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 99.80 min. Summary: Prototype of improved Transit satellite..

1973 September 2 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1974 September 2 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Q. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: ETV. LV Configuration: ETV-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1975 September 2 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5V.
  • Vertikal-3 Solar Ultraviolet/Solar X-ray mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 502 km (311 mi).

1975 September 2 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-51.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi).

1975 September 2 - . 13:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-31 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1985-11-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 8187 . COSPAR: 1975-079A. Apogee: 40,598 km (25,226 mi). Perigee: 633 km (393 mi). Inclination: 62.9000 deg. Period: 735.60 min. Summary: Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network..

1976 September 2 - . Launch Site: WTR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 September 2 - . Launch Site: WTR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 September 2 - . 05:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Sandhawk. LV Configuration: Terrier Sandhawk Lagopedo Uno.
  • Active ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Los Alamos. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1977 September 2 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 948 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 5. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-09-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 10319 . COSPAR: 1977-083A. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi). Perigee: 217 km (134 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1978 September 2 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1980 September 2 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-70.
  • Test / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1981 September 2 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1982 September 2 - . Launch Site: Tawiwa. Launch Vehicle: Otrag. LV Configuration: 1 x 2.5 tonne thrust.
  • Otrag Flight 13 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: OTRAG. Summary: Roll control test (<1 N m).

1983 September 2 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1983 September 2 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 616. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 September 2 - .
  • MAP Cosmonaut Training Group 4 selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Sheffer; Tresvyatski. Summary: The group was selected to provide test pilots for Buran spaceplane..

1985 September 2 - .
  • Energia Engineer Cosmonaut Training Group 8 selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Zaitsev.

1985 September 2 - .
  • IMBP Cosmonaut Training Group 4 selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Stepanov, Yuri. Summary: Physicians and biomedical specialist cosmonauts for planned missions to the Mir space station..

1985 September 2 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 626. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 September 2 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 626. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1987 September 2 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1988 September 2 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D/Transtage. LV Configuration: Titan 34D/Transtage 34D-3 (05D-5). FAILURE: Broken Transtage pressurization feed lines prevented the geosynchronous orbit apogee burn from taking place.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • USA 31 - . Payload: Chalet 5. Mass: 1,045 kg (2,303 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Chalet. USAF Sat Cat: 19458 . COSPAR: 1988-077A. Apogee: 14,103 km (8,763 mi). Perigee: 151 km (93 mi). Inclination: 29.3000 deg. Period: 99.80 min. Summary: Chalet ELINT satellite; upper stage failure left in lower than planned orbit..

1990 September 2 - .
  • Death of John J Corson at Fairfax, Fairfax City, VA. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Corson. Summary: American bureaucrat. Management at McKinsey 1951-1966. Conducted several studies on NASA-JPL relations..

1992 September 2 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R828.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1994 September 2 - .
  • Mir News 227: Progress M-24 docks to Mir. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-16; Mir LD-4. TO BE ALLOWED TO TRY THREE TIMES RUNNING IS BUT FAIR!!

    The 3d attempt to dock the freighter Progress-M24 to Mir succeeded. This time they used the system TORU instead of Kurs. Malenchenko safely guided and docked Progress-M24 to the forward axial docking port (P.Kh.O.-transition section). The docking took place on 2.09.94 at 1330 UTC. During the last phase of the approach Malenchenko was fully responsible and in an admirable way he performed his task. Molodets!! Voice communication between Mir and TsUP via Altair was loud and clear and so I was able to monitor the actions and observations of Malenchenko. Just before docking the voice communication stopped while Progress-M24 was on a distance of 5 Meters with an approach speed of 26 cm/sec. M. had to correct Progress-M24's course due to a slight deviation to left.

    Radio traffic via VHF after the docking:

    During the pass in orb. 48809 (1648 UTC) M. reported that the hatch had been opened and that they already more or less had started the unloading. The ship was in good order and all was clean. The crew had to unload the container Biokrist and install it in the right place as soon as possible. (Biokrist is complex of protein crystallisation experiments) During the next pass (orb. 48810, 1824 UTC) the main subject again was the cargo and the special attention for the container Biokrist).

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


1995 September 2 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.111UE.
  • Thunderstorm III Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1996 September 2 - .
  • Mir News 325: Soyuz-TM23 returned to earth - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir Cassiopee; Mir NASA-1; Mir EO-21; Mir EO-22. The descent module of the ship Soyuz-TM23 with on board the crew of the 21st ME and the 'spacionaute' Claudie Andre-Deshays landed safely on 2.09.1996 at 07.41.40 UTC in a position 105 KM South West of Akmola in Kazakhstan. The condition of the 3 cosmonauts was excellent and they will fly to Chkalovo (near Starcity, Moscow) today.

    0110 UTC: The hatch behind the departing cosmonauts was closed.

    0417 UTC: Soyuz-TM23 separated from Mir to begin a short autonomous flight.

    The aimed landing position was in a distance of 107 KM from Tselinograd in Kazakhstan with an estimated landing time of 07.41.03 UTC. (So they landed 37 sec. later in another position).

    Progress-M32: This freighter is still flying autonomously. Redocking to the Mir complex is on schedule for 3.09.1996 at abt. 0755 UTC.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK320.


1996 September 2 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz TM-23 - . Return Crew: Andre-Deshays; Onufrienko; Usachyov. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Andre-Deshays; Onufrienko; Usachyov. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-22; Mir Cassiopee; Mir NASA-1; Mir EO-21. The spacecraft undocked on September 2 at 04:20 GMT, and made a small seperation burn at 04:24:40 GMT. Deorbit was at 06:47:20 GMT. The three modules separated at 07:14:36 and the parachute deployed at 07:26 GMT. The landing was at 07:41:40 GMT, 100 km SW of Akmola in Kazakstan with Yuri Onufrienko, Yuriy Usachyov and Claudie Andre-Deshays aboard. This concluded the French 'Cassiopee' mission.

1997 September 2 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Anna Plains. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.14DT.
  • DUNDEE 1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1997 September 2 - . 22:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP-3 V99.
  • Hot Bird 3 - . Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 24931 . COSPAR: 1997-049A. Apogee: 35,806 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,762 km (22,221 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Geosynchronous. Stationed over 13.3E Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 13 deg E in 1997-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 12.96 deg E drifting at 0.012 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 3.94E drifting at 0.003W degrees per day..
  • Meteosat 7 - . Payload: MTP 1. Nation: Europe. Agency: Eumetsat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteosat. USAF Sat Cat: 24932 . COSPAR: 1997-049B. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.4000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Geosynchronous. Stationed over 10.2W Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 10 deg W in 1997-1998; deg E in 1998-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 0.68 deg E drifting at 0.036 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 57.39E drifting at 0.007W degrees per day.

1998 September 2 - .
  • Russian Air Force Cosmonaut Training Group 12 Supplemental selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Shargin.

1999 September 2 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 99-33 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Summary: Following a test this week, International Space Station flight controllers are optimistic that one of the Station's batteries that has been disconnected from the electrical system for several weeks may be usable if needed in the future.. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 99-33.

2005 September 2 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2415 - . Payload: Kometa s/n 21. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Kozlov. Class: Surveillance. Type: Cartographic satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-1KFT. Duration: 44.00 days. Decay Date: 2005-10-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 28841 . COSPAR: 2005-034A. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: 1,700th launch of a vehicle derived from the R-7 ICBM put a Kometa-type cartographic satellite into orbit. The surveillance satellite's primary camera and film payload was recovered at 21:44 on 15 or 16 October..

2006 September 2 - .
2007 September 2 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. Launch Vehicle: GSLV. LV Configuration: GSLV-F04.
  • Insat 4CR - . Mass: 2,130 kg (4,690 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 32050 . COSPAR: 2007-037A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,221 km (21,885 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 421.80 min. Summary: Ku-band television satellite..

2010 September 2 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2466 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 738. Nation: Russia. Agency: Chelomei. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37137 . COSPAR: 2010-041A. Apogee: 19,184 km (11,920 mi). Perigee: 19,076 km (11,853 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2465 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 737. Nation: Russia. Agency: Chelomei. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37138 . COSPAR: 2010-041B. Apogee: 19,221 km (11,943 mi). Perigee: 19,038 km (11,829 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2464 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 736. Nation: Russia. Agency: Chelomei. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37139 . COSPAR: 2010-041C. Apogee: 19,181 km (11,918 mi). Perigee: 19,078 km (11,854 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Summary: Replenishment of Glonass navigation satellite constellation..

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