Encyclopedia Astronautica
September 03


September 03 Chronology


1927 September 3 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 3.
  • Goddard third rocket design - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Summary: Goddard began construction on a rocket one-fifth size of the 'large model' (i.e. four times larger than 1926 flight models), with few, simple parts, easily replaced, and much-improved fuel injection..

1944 September 3 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 program resumes. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: After the liberation of Paris, Barre is immediately put to work on the EA-1941. All of the hidden materials are returned to Lyons and it is decided to conduct test launches from Toulon..

1944 September 3 - .
1948 September 3 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 33.
  • UM-2 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; UM. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi). Summary: Launched 18:00 local time. Reached 151 km. Carried Density, pressure, temperature, composition experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan..

1951 September 3 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1B. LV Configuration: R-1B 4.
  • Test / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Payload, instruments, left and right animal containers all recovered. Smoke container failed. Carried dogs..

1952 September 3 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 11.
  • Sunfollower / SX Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 0749 local time. Reached 99 km..

1953 September 3 - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10.
  • First X-10 taxi test. - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. Summary: Three taxi tests were conducted through the end of September before the vehicle was considered ready for its first flight..

1953 September 3 - .
  • Birth of Munir Habib Habib - . Nation: Syria. Summary: Arab-Syrian pilot cosmonaut, 1985-1987. Graduated from Military Pilot School, Aleppo, 1973 Pilot and Lieutenant Colonel, Syrian Air Force. Resumed military service..

1953 September 3 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 44.8 N x 57.2 W. Launch Platform: WYG-279?. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon.
  • SUI 22 Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Launched at Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 11 Launch Point 15 - - Latitude: 44.75 N - Longitude: 57.17 W..

1953 September 3 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 44.6 N x 57.1 W. Launch Platform: WYG-279?. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon.
  • SUI 23 Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Launched at Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 11 Launch Point 16 - - Latitude: 44.55 N - Longitude: 57.05 W..

1954 September 3 - . Launch Site: Edwards. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10. LV Configuration: X-10 s/n 1 GM-19307.
  • Navaho X-10 flight 9 - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. Summary: Test of automatic landing system. System failed and gear would not deploy. Radio-controlled belly landing made on lake bed. Vehicle was repairable..

1956 September 3 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7.
  • Soviet space and ballistic missile tracking network established. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Sputnik 3. Decree 1241-632 '0n creation or the Command Measurement Complex' was issued. The decree marked the beginning of development of the KIK satellite tracking system. This network was put together using a combination of PVO (Air Defence) and ICBM tracking systems. Trajectory information was fed into the KIK Centre for orbital calculations. The Centre was staffed by 680 officers and 151 civilian scientists of the Soviet Army in four sections.

1957 September 3 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 1-204-6.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 September 3 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC4A. LV Family: Bomarc. Launch Vehicle: Bomarc. LV Configuration: Bomarc 624-XY3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 September 3 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.19GE.
  • SBE 3 flare particles Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 September 3 - . 17:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.20GE.
  • SBE 4 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1963 September 3 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AD3.374.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1964 September 3 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-34-55.
  • X-15A HT/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5817 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23957 m..

1965 September 3 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-18.
  • FU-146 / VLF Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 451 km (280 mi).

1965 September 3 - . 05:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.214UI.
  • MIP 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1965 September 3 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3. LV Configuration: Kosmos 65S3 07LS.
  • Cosmos 80 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1570 . COSPAR: 1965-070A. Apogee: 1,536 km (954 mi). Perigee: 1,370 km (850 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 81 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1571 . COSPAR: 1965-070B. Apogee: 1,542 km (958 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 82 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1572 . COSPAR: 1965-070C. Apogee: 1,549 km (962 mi). Perigee: 1,421 km (882 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 83 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1573 . COSPAR: 1965-070D. Apogee: 1,558 km (968 mi). Perigee: 1,447 km (899 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 84 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1574 . COSPAR: 1965-070E. Apogee: 1,569 km (974 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 116.40 min.

1965 September 3 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1966 September 3 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.221GE.
  • SPICE 3 Solar particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 September 3 - .
  • Apollo 8 launch readiness date changed to December 13, 1968 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 8. Summary: Apollo Program Director Samuel C. Phillips notified the three manned space flight Centers that the Apollo 8 launch readiness working-schedule date had been changed to December 13, 1968..

1969 September 3 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 24 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: HL-10 flight 24. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. Summary: 4 chambers. Maximum Speed - 1541 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23760 m. Flight Time - 414 sec..

1969 September 3 - .
  • L3 Trainer and Female Cosmonauts - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Ponomaryova; Solovyova; Yerkina; Kuznetsova; Tereshkova; Ustinov; Smirnov; Pashkov. Program: Lunar L3; Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK. Meeting of Kamanin with S G Donevskiy. The L3 trainer will not be finished until May 1970 - and the current schedule for the first manned L3 launch is December 1970! But in any case Kamanin assesses the latter date as unrealistic -- there is no rocket or spacecraft in being yet. Later in the day Efimov, Moroz, and Kamanin meet with the female cosmonauts - Ponomaryova, Solovyova, Yerkina, and Kuznetsova. They advise them that despite the letter to the Central Committee asking for an all-female Soyuz flight, it has been rejected. Ustinov, Smirnov, and Pashkov are all opposed to the idea, as are MOM, MAP, AN, and VVS. Kamanin believes the whole female cosmonaut concept was a mistake. Flying Tereshkova in the first place started the whole thing, but now there is no follow-up.

1969 September 3 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4T. LV Configuration: Lambda 4T L-4T-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1969 September 3 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 2145.
  • OT GT20F operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1970 September 3 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 2. LV Configuration: Thor Burner 2 288.
  • DMSP-Block-5A F2 - . Payload: DAPP 2525 / OPS 0203. Mass: 195 kg (429 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5A. USAF Sat Cat: 4512 . COSPAR: 1970-070A. Apogee: 837 km (520 mi). Perigee: 739 km (459 mi). Inclination: 99.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Summary: Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1971 September 3 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT05GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 September 3 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H. LV Configuration: Lambda 3H L-3H-7.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,718 km (1,067 mi).

1973 September 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC104. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 September 3 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P97H.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1973 September 3 - . 02:04 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P98H.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1974 September 3 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P99H.
  • Plasmapause flux Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1975 September 3 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-?.
  • LRL ACS-1D X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1976 September 3 - .
  • Viking 2, Mars Landing - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Viking.

1976 September 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • Missile accuracy test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 September 3 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 854 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1976-09-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 9405 . COSPAR: 1976-090A. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi). Perigee: 167 km (103 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1977 September 3 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES TDV-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1977 September 3 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-59.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi).

1977 September 3 - . 14:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4. LV Configuration: Trident C-4 C4X-9.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 September 3 - .
1979 September 3 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1980 September 3 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1209 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 11950 . COSPAR: 1980-072A. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resources tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.

1981 September 3 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3D. LV Configuration: Titan IIID 23D-22.
  • KH-11 no. 4 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 4 / OPS 3984. Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1984-11-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 12799 . COSPAR: 1981-085A. Apogee: 526 km (326 mi). Perigee: 244 km (151 mi). Inclination: 97.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Summary: KH-11 type satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1982 September 3 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-1 Delta. LV Configuration: N-1 N-9(F).
  • Kiku 4 - . Payload: ETS 3. Mass: 385 kg (848 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS. USAF Sat Cat: 13492 . COSPAR: 1982-087A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 988 km (613 mi). Inclination: 44.6000 deg. Period: 105.10 min. Engineering test satellite. Engineering Test Satellite III (ETS-III) launched 0500 GMT 3 Sep 1982 from Osaki launch site, Tanegashima. Launching organization: National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA). Verification of three axis attitude control function; verification of so lar array paddle deployment function; verification of active thermal control function; functional test of mission equipment in the space. N launch vehicle flight no 9.

1983 September 3 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1495 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 24. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-09-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 14320 . COSPAR: 1983-092A. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1984 September 3 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1985 September 3 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1985 September 3 - .
1986 September 3 - . 07:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1775 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 16926 . COSPAR: 1986-066A. Apogee: 412 km (256 mi). Perigee: 345 km (214 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 September 3 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65022-342.
  • Cosmos 1776 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1989-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 16928 . COSPAR: 1986-067A. Apogee: 417 km (259 mi). Perigee: 403 km (250 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Summary: Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1987 September 3 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1874 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 18326 . COSPAR: 1987-072A. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1987 September 3 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM 337-02.
  • Ekran 16 - . Payload: Ekran s/n 29L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekran. Completed Operations Date: 1989-10-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 18328 . COSPAR: 1987-073A. Apogee: 36,895 km (22,925 mi). Perigee: 36,871 km (22,910 mi). Inclination: 5.1000 deg. Period: 1,492.50 min. Stationed at 99 deg E. Transmission of Central Television programmes to a network of receivers for collective use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 99 deg E in 1987-1989 As of 31 August 2001 located at 146.34 deg W drifting at 13.641 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 69.25E drifting at 13.645W degrees per day.

1988 September 3 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR N-GRC-158.
  • Interzodiak 2 Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 857 km (532 mi).

1990 September 3 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-4A. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 4 CZ4-2 (24).
  • FY-1B - . Payload: Feng Yun 1B. Mass: 881 kg (1,942 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Technology. Type: Weather technology satellite. Spacecraft: FY-1. USAF Sat Cat: 20788 . COSPAR: 1990-081A. Apogee: 897 km (557 mi). Perigee: 875 km (543 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 102.70 min. Summary: Experimental weather satellite. Operated for over a year..
  • QQW 1 - . Payload: QQW 1A. Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: SJ. Decay Date: 1991-03-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 20789 . COSPAR: 1990-081B. Apogee: 811 km (503 mi). Perigee: 789 km (490 mi). Inclination: 99.0000 deg. Period: 100.90 min. Summary: QQW atmospheric balloon..
  • QQW 2 - . Payload: QQW 1B. Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: SJ. Decay Date: 1991-07-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 20790 . COSPAR: 1990-081C. Apogee: 629 km (390 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 99.0000 deg. Period: 97.00 min. Summary: QQW atmospheric balloon..

1991 September 3 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT145GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1992 September 3 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 737. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 CET.
  • CET - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 September 3 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 737. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 CET.
  • CET - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 September 3 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 737. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 CET.
  • CINC Evaluation Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 September 3 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 737. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 CET.
  • CET - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 September 3 - . 13:32 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-12-1 - . Crew: Solovyov; Avdeyev. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.16 days. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Solovyov; Avdeyev. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir EO-12. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Began installation of VDU thruster pod on Sofora tower..

1993 September 3 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas I. LV Configuration: Atlas I AC-75 / Centaur I 5055.
  • USA 95 - . Payload: UHF F/O F2. Mass: 2,844 kg (6,269 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: HCI. Program: UHF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 22787 . COSPAR: 1993-056A. Apogee: 35,805 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,767 km (22,224 mi). Inclination: 5.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. US Navy communications. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into subsynchronous earth orbit with MRS trajectory option. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 72 deg E in 1993-1999.

1995 September 3 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-22 - . Call Sign: Uran (Uranus ). Crew: Avdeyev; Gidzenko; Reiter. Backup Crew: Duque; Kaleri; Korzun. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 71. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Avdeyev; Gidzenko; Reiter; Duque; Kaleri; Korzun. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-20; Mir EO-19. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 179.07 days. Decay Date: 1996-02-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 23665 . COSPAR: 1995-047A. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Mir Expedition EO-20. Crew commander was Yuriy Pavlovich Gidzenko of the Russian Air Force. Flight engineer was Sergey Vasilyevich Avdeev of RKK Energiya, and cosmonaut-researcher was Thomas Reiter of the European Space Agency. Soyuz TM-22 docked with Mir's front (-X) port at 10:29:54 GMT on September 5 and the hatch was opened at 11:01:23.

1996 September 3 - .
  • Mir News 326: Progress-M32 redocked at the Mir space station. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir NASA-1; Mir EO-22. Today Progress-M32 concluded her autonomous flight. This flight began on 18.08.1996 , so 1 day before the docking of Soyuz-TM24. Approach and docking took place 1 orbit later than originally planned and was executed in the automatic mode with the system Kurs. The docking at the aft docking port (Kvant, +X-axis) was accomplished on 3.09 at 09.35.21 UTC. For those monitoring operations like this the delay of this operation until orbit 60212 from 0927-0932 UTC was a piece of good luck because of the fact that they could monitor the final phase of the operation. Commander Korzun observed the approach via the displays of the systems LIV and TORU and reported distances, approach speeds and manoeuvres around the X-axis. When both objects disappeared behind the horizon the distance was 95 meters and the appr. speed 0.8 M/sec. During the pass in orb. 60213 from 1102-1108 UTC it was obvious that Progress-M32 was a part of the Mir-complex again. Meanwhile Korzun had corrected the attitude of the complex. He got orders not to carry out the airseal checks and the opening of the hatch today.

    (So in a relative short period the Russians successfully accomplished crucial operations. As far as Russian spaceflight is concerned Aleksandr Lebedj has nothing to worry about!!)

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1997 September 3 - .
  • Mir News 381: Power supply - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir NASA-4; Mir EO-24. Vinogradov worked hard on the deployment of cables from the Spektr hatch to other modules and gradually he succeeded in restoring a part of the power supply for the modules Kvant-2 and Kristall. The 3 undamaged solar panels of Spektr delivered power, but rotation to achieve maximum solar illumination is not yet possible. Solovyov struggled along to keep Elektron in Kvant-1 operational and he also used power for the restoration of the Elektron in Kvant-2. On 25.08 Elektron in Kvant-1 shut itself off and the TGK (the solid fuel oxygen generator) did not work due to a defective firing pin. Before the outbreak of the usual press panic the cosmonauts had already repaired the TGK and Elektron in Kvant-1. The power supply is partly restored in Kvant-2 and Kristall: the lights are burning, the heating functions again and the drying process is going on.

    EVA preparations:

    Solovyov and Foale were convinced that they would get green light for the EVA on 6.09 and they started the preparations. Several times they donned their Orlan-M suits, checked all systems and took a stock of all the equipment needed for the EVA. Foale saw a film of his EVA training with Budarin in TsPK. He and S. also reviewed the so called 'cyclogram' of the EVA. The training of Foale during which Solovyov was instructor served also as a test to determine whether Foale will be able to do the EVA or not.

    Communications:

    The Altair-2 is regularly in use for communications between Mir and TsUP. They use this satellite for phone as well as for TV. On 1, 2 and 3.09 they showed images of their training, also with their space suits on, but also now and then video films of the interior and the outer surface of the complex. If on 4.09.1997 a positive decision will be taken the EVA will be made on 6.09.97. Opening of the hatch: 0055 UTC; planned duration 5 hrs 40 mins. Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1999 September 3 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol M. LV Configuration: Topol-M 8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 September 3 - . 16:43 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-9-4 - . Crew: Fincke; Padalka. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.24 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke; Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-9. The hatch was opened at 16:43 GMT. The astronauts used the Russian Orlan suits M-25 and M-26, requiring them to exit from the Pirs module airlock. The 70 kg PIG container on the Zarya module with the RRZh1 flow regulator valve panel was removed and jettisoned Three antennae were installed on the Zvezda module for future rendezvous and docking operations with the European ATV logistics spacecraft.

2004 September 3 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.145UE.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

2009 September 3 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 736. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • USN Mk 5? RV - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Summary: Operational test.

2011 September 3 - . 09:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol.
  • RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Test mission, launched from Plesetsk to the Kamchatka peninsula impact area..

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