Encyclopedia Astronautica
September 22


September 22 Chronology


1905 September 22 - .
  • Birth of Eugen Albert Saenger - . Nation: Czech Republic; . Summary: German-Austrian rocket pioneer; designer of Silverbird space bomber. Worked at Trauen for Luftwaffe 1936-1944 on rocket and ramjet development; for the French 1946-1954. Research in Germany 1954-1963 included winged shuttle designs..

1919 September 22 - .
  • Birth of Mikhail Vasilyevich Melnikov - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer 1960-1974 at Korolev design bureau. Specialised in engines, including Blok D..

1944 September 22 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Liquid oxygen production limits V-2 operations. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Dornberger. Summary: Kammler and Dornberger note that the low amount of liquid oxygen being delivered, only 200 cubic meter a day, will limit launches to 24 V-2's daily..

1947 September 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike D.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 September 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1144E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 September 22 - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho G-38.
  • Navaho G-38 modified - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. Summary: Acting on the North American recommendation of January, the Air Force drops the XW-13 warhead for the production Navaho and authorized production of a larger version to carry a 4500-kg warhead..

1955 September 22 - . 05:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter A. LV Configuration: Jupiter A RS-11. FAILURE: Excessive temperature in tail section caused malfunction of control.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). RS-11 was launched at 0051 hours EST from AMR after a three-hour hold. The flight was unsuccessful. The LOX container pressure and the combustion chamber decreased 50 seconds after lift-off. The temperature of Fin Number 1 went out of measuring range 72 seconds after lift-off. The servo battery current dropped to zero and the stabilised platform lost its reference. The range safety officer gave the emergency cut-off signal at 79 seconds. Impact occurred approximately 21,000 yards from the launch pad. The RS-11 was the first flight with the complete guidance system. Missed aimpoint by 118,800 m.

1957 September 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 4. LV Configuration: Kappa 4 K-4-2.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1958 September 22 - .
1958 September 22 - . 03:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100 (A-1).
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1959 September 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 AA1.260C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1959 September 22 - . Launch Site: AMR DZ. Launch Pad: 29.0 N x 79.0 W. Launch Platform: B-58. Launch Vehicle: High Virgo. FAILURE: Failure.
  • High Virgo satellite interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1959 September 22 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18A 222.
  • Series IV research and development launch/Ionosphere/Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1960 September 22 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 September 22 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1960 September 22 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1XE-7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 September 22 - .
  • Mercury ship recovery provisions. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Announced at Space Task Group that a 30-cubic-foot balloon would be installed in Mercury spacecraft to allow for ship recovery should helicopter be forced to drop it as happened during the MR-4 recovery..

1961 September 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16. LV Configuration: R-16 16L. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 September 22 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.36GG.
  • Ultraviolet Photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1962 September 22 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman. LV Configuration: Journeyman NASA 11.02UR.
  • Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,691 km (1,050 mi).

1964 September 22 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 247D.
  • NTMP KX-19 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 September 22 - .
1965 September 22 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-59-98.
  • X-15A-2 Infrared Scanner test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5744 kph. Maximum Altitude - 73091 m..

1965 September 22 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.147CG.
  • AS / E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1965 September 22 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2A/D. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2A Agena D 458 / Agena D SS-01B 1619.
  • KH-4A 102 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 102 / Agena D 1619 / OPS 7221. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 1602 . COSPAR: 1965-074A. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 80.0000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: KH-4A. All cameras operated satisfactorily. Cameras not operated on passes 88D-93D..

1965 September 22 - . 23:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 September 22 - .
1966 September 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1966 September 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1262.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 September 22 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena B015.
  • USN B015 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 September 22 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-98.
  • LRL AXE-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1967 September 22 - .
  • Merger of North American Aviation and Rockwell-Standard - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. The merger of North American Aviation, Inc., and Rockwell-Standard Corp. became effective and was announced. The company was organized into two major groups, the Commercial Products Group and the Aerospace and Systems Group. The new company would be known as North American Rockwell and use the acronym NR.

1967 September 22 - . 02:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 831.
  • FOT GB47 Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 September 22 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36-O. LV Configuration: R-36O 8K69 Ya22500 No. 15L.
  • Cosmos 179 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-09-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 2962 . COSPAR: 1967-091A. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi). Perigee: 139 km (86 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 87.90 min. Summary: Fractional Orbital Bombardment system test..

1968 September 22 - .
  • Zond 5 sucessfully recovered - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. At 17:00 communications with Zond 5 are lost as it re-enters over the South Pole. It has to re-enter at an angle of 5 to 6 degrees to the horizontal. One degree too high, and it will skip off the atmosphere and be lost into space; one degree too low and the G-forces will increase from 10-16 to 30-40 - which are not only enough to kill the crew, but to destroy the spacecraft. The safe entry corridor is only 13 km across and it has to be hit at 11 km/sec. - like hitting a kopek with a rifle at 600 m range. The re-entry schedule:
    • 18:37 jettison PAO service module
    • 18:53 re-entry begins
    • 18:54 nominal time of reaching trajectory's perigee of 33 km
    • 18:56 parachute should deploy at 7 km altitude
    • 19:08 splashdown
    Only three minutes after landing the capsule is located 105 km from one of the recovery ships. It is picked up after a few hours in the water.

1968 September 22 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.246DS.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1969 September 22 - .
  • Kamanin arrives at Tyuratam at 15:00 aboard an An-124 - . Nation: USSR. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 6; Soyuz 7; Soyuz 8. A second arrives 50 minutes later. They bring the 49-strong VVS contingent for the Soyuz 6-7-8 state commission. The other members of the commission arrive aboard an Il-18. 2 to 3 weeks earlier an epidemic of dysentery swept the cosmodrome. This was a danger to the space flight crews -- no one showing signs of carrying the disease were allowed near them. They were isolated in special areas and only cleared trainers were allowed access to them during the outbreak. In the evening the American film 'Good Arrangement' is shown, the story of a husband in the role of a nanny for three children.

1969 September 22 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4S. LV Configuration: Lambda 4S L-4S-4. FAILURE: Fourth stage control system malfunction after third stage collided with fourth stage.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Ohsumi 4 - . Payload: L-4S-4. Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ohsumi. Decay Date: 1969-09-22 . COSPAR: F690922A. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1969 September 22 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thorad Agena D SLV-2G. LV Configuration: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D 531 / Agena D 1653.
  • KH-4A 1052 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1052 / Agena D 1653 / OPS 3531. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1969-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 4102 . COSPAR: 1969-079A. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 85.0000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Summary: KH-4A. Last of the KH-4A missions, all camera systems operated satisfactorily..
  • OPS 4710 - . Payload: EHH B16. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1971-05-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 4103 . COSPAR: 1969-079xx. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 85.1000 deg. Period: 88.70 min.
  • SRV 743R - . Payload: SRV 1052-1 / OPS 4710. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1971-05-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 4103 . COSPAR: 1969-079B. Apogee: 496 km (308 mi). Perigee: 490 km (300 mi). Inclination: 85.2000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Summary: Radar monitoring. Last of the KH-4A missions..

1970 September 22 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.464UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 September 22 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 NASA 13.07GG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 September 22 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 364 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 10.00 days. Decay Date: 1970-10-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 4553 . COSPAR: 1970-075A. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1971 September 22 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.351GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1971 September 22 - . 12:41 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P121H.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1972 September 22 - .
  • The Skylab Apollo telescope mount arrived at the KSC skid strip aboard a Guppy aircraft. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft: Apollo ATM. The ATM, which had been at MSC since mid-July, was immediately moved to the Operations and Checkout Building in KSC's industrial area and placed in the cleanroom for intensive checkout. The ATM was scheduled to be moved in January 1973 to the Vehicle Assembly Building for mating with the OWS atop the two-stage Saturn V launch vehicle. The Skylab orbital assembly- consisting of the OWS, the ATM, and the AM/MDA-was scheduled to be launched from Pad A of Launch Complex 39 in late April 1973.

1973 September 22 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 10. LV Configuration: Kappa 10 K-10-10.
  • X-ray astronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1973 September 22 - . 11:18 GMT - .
  • EVA Skylab 3-3 - . Crew: Bean; Garriott. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.11 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bean; Garriott. Program: Skylab. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Skylab 3. Spacecraft: Skylab. Summary: Replaced film cartridges for solar camera..

1975 September 22 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1976 September 22 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 856 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1976-10-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 9435 . COSPAR: 1976-096A. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 856 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1976-10-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 9448 . COSPAR: 1976-096E. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.39 min.

1977 September 22 - . 00:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-SOL.
  • Prognoz 6 - . Payload: SO-M s/n 506. Mass: 910 kg (2,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Prognoz. USAF Sat Cat: 10370 . COSPAR: 1977-093A. Apogee: 196,379 km (122,024 mi). Perigee: 1,850 km (1,140 mi). Inclination: 74.4000 deg. Period: 5,683.20 min. Investigation of the corpuscular and electromagnetic radiation of the sun and of solar plasma fluxes, study of the magnetic fields in circumterrestrial space in order to determine the effects of solar activity on the interplanetary medium and in the magne tosphere of the earth.

1978 September 22 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1979 September 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES ABRV-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 September 22 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1981 September 22 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1982 September 22 - . 06:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1409 - . Payload: Oko #28. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2009-06-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 13585 . COSPAR: 1982-095A. Apogee: 36,670 km (22,780 mi). Perigee: 3,715 km (2,308 mi). Inclination: 66.7000 deg. Period: 718.40 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1217. Covered Oko constellation plane 2 - 317 degree longitude of ascending node..

1983 September 22 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.341UE.
  • UM Airglow payload Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 September 22 - . 22:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3920/PAM. LV Configuration: Delta 3920/PAM D173.
  • Galaxy 2 - . Payload: HS 376. Mass: 1,218 kg (2,685 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: HCI. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 1994-05-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 14365 . COSPAR: 1983-098A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 74 deg W in 1983-1994 As of 4 September 2001 located at 110.16 deg W drifting at 0.457 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 57.56E drifting at 0.460W degrees per day.

1986 September 22 - . 08:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: USHAKOV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1987 September 22 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1988 September 22 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1973 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 18.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-10-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 19521 . COSPAR: 1988-088A. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1989 September 22 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2045 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 10.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-10-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 20244 . COSPAR: 1989-076A. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1992 September 22 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2210 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-11-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 22133 . COSPAR: 1992-062A. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi). Perigee: 160 km (90 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1993 September 22 - .
  • Mir News 189: 3d Spacewalk (EVA) put back - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-14. Until 22.09.93 the cosmonauts made preparations for an EVA on 24.09.93. During that EVA they had to execute the program 'Panorama', which is an inspection of the outer surface of the station by camera's. On 22.09.93 TsUP announced that the EVA had been put back to 28.09.93. A reason for the delay has not been stated. Possibly the unstable political situation in Moscow has something to do with it, but technical reasons are also possible. On 22.09.93 the crew worked on a problem with a pressure-valve (KVD) of the airlock (Sh.S.O.) in Module-D.

    Mir-station hit by a particle from outer space:

    On 21.09.93 at abt. 1205 UTC, while the station was near the equator, Tsibliyev heard the clap of a particle colliding with Mir's outer surface. The impact caused a little cloud of dust and released some pieces of paint of the wall. Tsibliyev heard the impact while he was flying from Kvant-1 to the Base Block. Serebrov, who was working in Module-D, did not hear it.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1993 September 22 - .
1997 September 22 - .
  • Mir News 385: MAIN COMPUTER FAILURE - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir NASA-4; Mir EO-24. On 22.09 at 0123 UTC the crew was waked up by the alarm signal: Check the SUD (attitude control). When they did they saw that the Ts.V.M.-1, the main computer had switched itself off. Solovyov reported this to TsUP during the pass over here in orbit 66214, 0130-0140 UTC. The first system to be switched was again the oxygen generator Elektron.

    During the pass in orb. 66215, 0305-0316 UTC, S. reported that initially the attitude of the complex was not so good. The complex is flying the so called free drift. The supply from the solar panels decreased to a level of 200 Amperes.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1999 September 22 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U/Ikar S15000-061 ST04.
  • Globalstar 33 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25907 . COSPAR: 1999-049A. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: The third stage put the complex into a 235 km x 906 km x 51.9 degree transfer orbit. The Ikar upper stage maneouvered, placed the four satellites into their final parking orbit, then made a deorbit burn and re-entered on September 24. .
  • Globalstar 58 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25910 . COSPAR: 1999-049D. Apogee: 1,557 km (967 mi). Perigee: 1,547 km (961 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 117.10 min.
  • Globalstar 55 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25909 . COSPAR: 1999-049C. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 50 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25908 . COSPAR: 1999-049B. Apogee: 1,655 km (1,028 mi). Perigee: 1,641 km (1,019 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 119.30 min.

2001 September 22 - .
  • Deep Space 1, Comet Borrelly Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Deep Space 1.

2002 September 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2006 September 22 - . 21:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-7.
  • Hinode (Solar B) - . Mass: 870 kg (1,910 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Melco. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Hinode. USAF Sat Cat: 29479 . COSPAR: 2006-041A. Apogee: 695 km (431 mi). Perigee: 674 km (418 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Summary: Solar satellite with a large optical telescope and an X-ray telescope built by the Smithsonian Observatory..
  • Hitsat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Manufacturer: Hokkaido. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Hitsat. Decay Date: 2008-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 29484 . COSPAR: 2006-041F. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 279 km (173 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 94.00 min.
  • SSSat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SSSat. Decay Date: 2008-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 29484 . COSPAR: 2006-041D. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 279 km (173 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 94.00 min. Summary: Solar sail experiment..

2010 September 22 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2D.
  • Yaogan 11 - . Payload: Zheda Pixing 1A. Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yaogan. USAF Sat Cat: 37165 . COSPAR: 2010-047A. Apogee: 669 km (415 mi). Perigee: 626 km (388 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.70 min. Summary: Carried earth imaging camera..

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