Encyclopedia Astronautica
September 23


September 23 Chronology


1846 September 23 - .
  • Johann Galle's Discovery of Neptune - . Nation: Germany.

1914 September 23 - .
  • Birth of Werner Kurt-Otto Rosinski - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German-American expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Worked his entire life with the rocket team, at Fort Bliss, White Stands, and then at Huntsville. Died at Huntsville, Alabama..

1917 September 23 - .
  • Birth of Robert B Young - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer. Key manager at Aerojet, working there from the 1940's, responsible for the rocket engines for the Titan, the Apollo SPS, and Shuttle OMS..

1930 September 23 - .
1944 September 23 - .
  • Birth of Loren James Shriver - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-C, STS-31, STS-46..

1944 September 23 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18823. FAILURE: Early impact.
  • V-2 Ma212 151 D5 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Planned range 165 km. Early impact 8.6 km to the right of the planned trajectory. Circular error 123.3 km from aim point..

1949 September 23 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 125 - . Crew: Griffith. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 53. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Griffith. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: NACA flight 33. Pilot familiarization. Mach 0.9..

1949 September 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1. LV Configuration: R-1 II-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1953 September 23 - .
  • Reorganization of Soviet missile development process. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 2498-1031 'On order of scientific-design work on new weapons systems' was issued..

1954 September 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 497M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 September 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 D-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1955 September 23 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 42.7 N x 66.2 W. Launch Platform: AGB-5. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Loki Rockoon.
  • SUI 38 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Launched at Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 13 Launch Point 1 - - Latitude: 42.67 N - Longitude: 66.18 W..

1958 September 23 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Juno V project objective changed to multistage carrier vehicle - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun; Johnson, Roy; Medaris. Program: Horizon. Following a Memorandum of Agreement between Maj. Gen. John B. Medaris of Army Ordnance Missile Command (AOMC) and Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) Director Roy W. Johnson on this date and a meeting on November 4, ARPA and AOMC representatives agreed to extend the Juno V project. The objective of ARPA Order 14 was changed from booster feasibility demonstration to "the development of a reliable high performance booster to serve as the first stage of a multistage carrier vehicle capable of performing advanced missions."

1958 September 23 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Luna 8K72. LV Configuration: Vostok-L 8K72 B1-3. FAILURE: Launcher disintegrated 93 seconds after launch due to longitudinal resonance of strap-ons.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • Luna failure - booster disintegrated at T+92 seconds - . Payload: E-1 s/n 1. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Glushko; Korolev. Agency: MVS. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-1. COSPAR: F580923A. Summary: This was the start of an acrimonious debated between Glushko and Korolev design bureaux over the fault and fix for the problem..

1960 September 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-48.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 September 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 September 23 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1XE-8. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 September 23 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-13-25. FAILURE: Engines fail..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 1783 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16168 m. Premature shutdown of both XLR-11's..

1961 September 23 - .
  • Birth of William Cameron 'Willie' McCool - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-107. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry..

1961 September 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1961 September 23 - . 20:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A1. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I SM-2.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle research and development mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from Titan II silo.

1963 September 23 - .
1963 September 23 - .
  • First child born to someone who has been in space. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Titov. Summary: A daughter is born to Titov. This is the first child born to someone who has been in space. .

1963 September 23 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 2044.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 63 m..

1963 September 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-D. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-23.
  • Tar Top - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Summary: Research and development launch. Mk 6 re-entry vehicle..

1963 September 23 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2A/D. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2A Agena D 383 / Agena D 1163.
  • KH-4A 1002 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1002 / Agena D 1163. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1963-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 668 . COSPAR: 1963-037A. Apogee: 442 km (274 mi). Perigee: 162 km (100 mi). Inclination: 74.8000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Summary: KH-4A. Severe light leaks, 1002-2 never recovered, indefinite postponement of KH-4A series..

1964 September 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 906.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 September 23 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D SLV-3. LV Configuration: SLV-3 Agena D 7102.
  • KH 7-11 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 11 / OPS 4262. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1964-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 884 . COSPAR: 1964-058A. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi). Perigee: 143 km (88 mi). Inclination: 92.9000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Summary: KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1965 September 23 - .
  • Voskhod 3 plans - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev; Yegorov; Anokhin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3; Voskhod 4; Gemini 7. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Korolev is charging ahead with the plan to fly Voskhod 3 for 20 days. Kamanin is doubtful - the life support system is rated for only 12-15 days, and testing to certify it for 25 days cannot be done in time. Korolev is also planning for a 15 November launch (to fly before Gemini 7). Kamanin believes instead a series of three flights should be flown - first to 12-15 days, then to 20 days, then to 25 days. It is essential the military experiments are flown on these flights. Yegorov and Anokhin have been sent to negotiate a protocol to be signed by Kamanin that he will prepare a crew consisting of a spacecraft commander and scientist-astronaut for a 20 day flight in time to support a 15 November launch. Kamanin refuses to sign the document - it is absurd and impossible.

1965 September 23 - . 05:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. LV Configuration: Voskhod 11A57 R15001-03.
  • Cosmos 91 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 1603 . COSPAR: 1965-075A. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1965 September 23 - . 14:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.36GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 805 km (500 mi).

1966 September 23 - .
  • NASA long-range planning - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo ALSEP. A Planning Coordination Steering Group at NASA Hq. received program options from working groups established to coordinate long-range planning in life sciences, earth-oriented applications, astronomy, lunar exploration, and planetary exploration. The Steering Group recommended serious consideration be given a four-phase exploration program using unmanned Lunar Orbiters, Surveyors, and manned lunar surface exploration. Additional Details: NASA long-range planning.

1968 September 23 - .
  • L1 lunar crew selections - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Leonov; Voronov; Bykovsky; Rukavishnikov; Popovich; Makarov. Program: Lunar L1; Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1; Soyuz 7K-OK. Meeting of VVS, Mishin, and other designers at Fedosiya to review trials of the improved Soyuz parachute system. The Soyuz is cleared for manned flights. Mishin tells Leonov he will not support him in his bid to make the first lunar flight. Kamanin tells Leonov that of the three crews - Leonov-Voronov, Bykovsky-Rukavishnikov, Popovich-Makarov - the Bykovsky crew is favoured.

1968 September 23 - . 07:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 243 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1968-10-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 3418 . COSPAR: 1968-080A. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 71.3000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed passive microwave radio telescope capsule..
  • Nauka - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1968-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 3452 . COSPAR: 1968-080C. Apogee: 274 km (170 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 71.3000 deg. Period: 89.23 min.

1968 September 23 - . 19:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.77GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1969 September 23 - .
  • Guinness records for Apollo 8 and Apollo 11 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 11; Apollo 8. In response to a query from Guinness Superlatives, London, as to the maximum distance from the earth reached by Apollo 8 and Apollo 11, MSC said the maximum distance for Apollo 8 was 377,348.704 kilometers, during the 10th lunar revolution. Additional Details: Guinness records for Apollo 8 and Apollo 11.

1969 September 23 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • Two Volga buses transport the cosmonauts and VVS specialists to Area 31. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Beregovoi; Chelomei. Program: Luna. Flight: Soyuz 6; Soyuz 7; Soyuz 8. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8-5. To ensure the buses do not exceed 60 km/hour checkpoints are manned along the roads. The readiness review is conducted form 10:00 to 13:00. The crews, and spacecraft are ready. Mishin is away 'sick' again. General Pushkin and Beregovoi are at Area 81 to view the Ye-8-5 launch. Kamanin likes Chelomei's UR-500K rocket. He blames its series of failures on its engines and Block D upper stage, not on the fundamental booster design. If it had been more successful, the Russians would have beaten the Americans in a lunar flyby. The launch proceeds as planned at 15:00, but the Block D fails to restart in parking orbit, and is given the cover name 'Cosmos 300'.

1969 September 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B STF-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • SSTTP 1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 September 23 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D. LV Configuration: Proton-K/D 244-01. FAILURE: Block D lost LOX due to valve defect.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Cosmos 300 - . Payload: Ye-8-5 s/n 403. Mass: 5,600 kg (12,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8-5. Decay Date: 1969-09-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 4104 . COSPAR: 1969-080A. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi). Perigee: 184 km (114 mi). Inclination: 51.5000 deg. Period: 88.20 min. Summary: Robotic lunar soil return mission. Failed to leave low earth orbit due to Block D stage failure..

1969 September 23 - . 16:36 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.170US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1969 September 23 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 FTM-208.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1970 September 23 - .
  • Cosmonaut training plans. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Bogomolov; Popovich; Bykovsky. Program: Salyut; Almaz; Lunar L3. Spacecraft: Spiral OS; Soyuz Kontakt; Almaz OPS. The training plan for DOS#1 is reviewed. The station is to be launched by February 1971. Soyuz 10 and Soyuz 11 will dock with it and crew the station for two to three months, according to Mishin's plan. This however will slow down flight test of Bogomolov's Kontakt docking system for the L3. This was to have been ready by January 1970, but it is still not ready for flight. On the other hand, the completion of the DOS station within four to five months is not possible. There are currently 12 cosmonauts in training for DOS, and ten for Soyuz flights. Popovich heads a group of 22 cosmonauts training for Almaz; and Bykovsky heads a group on lunar issues. The new trainers and simulators are on schedule; the existing ones are being heavily used.

1970 September 23 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Shuttle specifications revised - . Nation: USA. In response to US Air Force criticism, the payload requirement was increased to 11,500 kg (still well short of the USAF 30,000 kg requirement). The use of JP-4 jet fuel was required for the airbreathing flyback engines. The payload by was to be capable of carrying a passenger module for ferry of space station crews.

1971 September 23 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1972 September 23 - .
  • Skylab 1 Orbital Workshop delivered. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft: Skylab. The Skylab 1 Orbital Workshop was offloaded from a NASA barge and moved into the transfer aisle of the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at KSC. The OWS had arrived the preceding day (22 September) aboard the Point Barrow at Port Canaveral, where it was transferred to a smaller barge for the journey through the locks, up the Banana River, and through the access canal to the barge unloading area at the VAB. Following preliminary checkout, the OWS, with its 361.4 cu m of living and working area, was scheduled to be mated to the twostage Saturn V launch vehicle on 28 September.

1972 September 23 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 1604. LV Configuration: Delta 1604 579/D90.
  • Explorer 47 - . Payload: IMP H. Mass: 376 kg (828 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: IMP. USAF Sat Cat: 6197 . COSPAR: 1972-073A. Apogee: 235,600 km (146,300 mi). Perigee: 201,100 km (124,900 mi). Inclination: 17.2000 deg. Period: 17,670.00 min. Summary: Investigated cislunar radiation, Earth's magnetosphere, interplantary magnetic field. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1974 September 23 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1975 September 23 - .
  • X-24 Flight 58 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: X-24B flight 30. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-24B. Summary: Last rocket-powered flight. Maximum Speed - 1255 kph. Maximum Altitude - 17680 m. Flight Time - 438 sec..

1975 September 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • OSL - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 September 23 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 769 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1975-10-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 8322 . COSPAR: 1975-088A. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule. Third successful test of SpK small film return capsule planned for Yantar. SpK capsule FEU-170-13 No. 5L successfully recovered..
  • Cosmos 769 Nauka - . Payload: FEU-170-13 s/n 5L. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Nauka. COSPAR: 1975-088xx.

1975 September 23 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-?.
  • LRL ACS-1E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 September 23 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-52.
  • Soft X-ray X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1976 September 23 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.179GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1976 September 23 - .
1977 September 23 - .
1977 September 23 - . Launch Site: Edwards. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Enterprise flight 6 - . Call Sign: Enterprise. Crew: Fullerton; Haise. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fullerton; Haise. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Summary: Third free flight , ALT, tail cone on, Edwards (5 minutes, 34 seconds), Enterprise (OV-101), lake bed Runway 15.

1977 September 23 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-23 (3B-58).
  • OPS 7471 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 49 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1977-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 10374 . COSPAR: 1977-094A. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi). Perigee: 134 km (83 mi). Inclination: 96.5000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1980 September 23 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1211 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 11982 . COSPAR: 1980-077A. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; also performed mapping, geodesy, earth resources tasks; separated capsule..

1980 September 23 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.36CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1981 September 23 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53719-527.
  • Cosmos 1310 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1989-04-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 12852 . COSPAR: 1981-095A. Apogee: 423 km (262 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1982 September 23 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1983 September 23 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1985 September 23 - .
  • United States Space Command activated at Peterson AFB, Colorado. - . Nation: USA.

1986 September 23 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1987 September 23 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Progress 32 - . Payload: Progress s/n 139. Mass: 7,035 kg (15,509 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-3; Mir LD-1. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 55.98 days. Completed Operations Date: 1987-11-19 23:19:51 . Decay Date: 1987-11-19 23:19:51 . USAF Sat Cat: 18376 . COSPAR: 1987-082A. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi). Perigee: 295 km (183 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Delivered 850 kg propellants, 315 kg food, 2,000 kg total. Docked with Mir on 26 Sep 1987 01:08:15 GMT. Undocked on 10 Nov 1987 04:09:10 GMT. Redocked from 2,500 m on 10 Nov 1987 05:47 GMT. Undocked again 17 Nov 1998 19:25 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 19 Nov 1987 00:58:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.17 days. Total docked time 52.82 days.

1988 September 23 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: USHAKOV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1991 September 23 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC37. Launch Vehicle: HEDI. FAILURE: Failure.
  • KITE-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1992 September 23 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1993 September 23 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135. LV Configuration: MT-135-58.
  • NNP-O3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1994 September 23 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 September 23 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.226UE.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 23 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.225UE.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1997 September 23 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2346 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 24953 . COSPAR: 1997-052A. Apogee: 997 km (619 mi). Perigee: 937 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..
  • FAISAT-2V - . Payload: FAISAT 2V. Nation: USA. Agency: FAI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FAISAT. USAF Sat Cat: 24954 . COSPAR: 1997-052B. Apogee: 997 km (619 mi). Perigee: 937 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.40 min.

1997 September 23 - . 23:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42L. LV Configuration: Ariane 42L-3 V100.
  • Intelsat 803 - . Payload: NSS 5, NSS 803. Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 7000. USAF Sat Cat: 24957 . COSPAR: 1997-053A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Geosynchronous, 52 C-band and 12 Ku-band transponders. Stationed over 21 deg W in 1997-2001. Later assigned to Intelsat subsidiary New Skies, redesignated NSS 5, and moved to 183 deg E to connect North America with all major destinations in the Pacific Rim. As of 2007 Mar 7 located at 177.05W drifting at 0.001E degrees per day.

1998 September 23 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island DZ. Launch Pad: 37.0 N x 72.0 W. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL/HAPS. LV Configuration: Pegasus XL/HAPS F23.
  • Orbcomm C1 - . Payload: Orbcomm s/n FM21. Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25475 . COSPAR: 1998-053A. Apogee: 825 km (512 mi). Perigee: 811 km (503 mi). Inclination: 45.0100 deg. Period: 101.27 min. Summary: Plane C. Ascending node 181.6 degrees..
  • Orbcomm C2 - . Payload: Orbcomm s/n FM22. Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25476 . COSPAR: 1998-053B. Apogee: 823 km (511 mi). Perigee: 814 km (505 mi). Inclination: 45.0200 deg. Period: 101.27 min. Summary: Plane C. Ascending node 178 degrees..
  • Orbcomm C3 - . Payload: Orbcomm s/n FM23. Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25477 . COSPAR: 1998-053C. Apogee: 823 km (511 mi). Perigee: 813 km (505 mi). Inclination: 45.0200 deg. Period: 101.27 min. Summary: Plane C. Ascending node 181.8 degrees..
  • Orbcomm C5 - . Payload: Orbcomm s/n FM25. Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25479 . COSPAR: 1998-053E. Apogee: 824 km (512 mi). Perigee: 813 km (505 mi). Inclination: 45.0100 deg. Period: 101.27 min. Summary: Plane C. Ascending node 181.5 degrees..
  • Orbcomm C8 - . Payload: Orbcomm s/n FM28. Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25482 . COSPAR: 1998-053H. Apogee: 824 km (512 mi). Perigee: 813 km (505 mi). Inclination: 45.0300 deg. Period: 101.27 min. Summary: Plane C. Ascending node 181.7 degrees..
  • Orbcomm C4 - . Payload: Orbcomm s/n FM24. Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25478 . COSPAR: 1998-053D. Apogee: 822 km (510 mi). Perigee: 814 km (505 mi). Inclination: 45.0100 deg. Period: 101.27 min. Summary: Plane C. Ascending node 181.7 degrees..
  • Orbcomm C7 - . Payload: Orbcomm s/n FM27. Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25481 . COSPAR: 1998-053G. Apogee: 823 km (511 mi). Perigee: 813 km (505 mi). Inclination: 45.0200 deg. Period: 101.27 min. Summary: Plane C. Ascending node 181.6 degrees..
  • Orbcomm C6 - . Payload: Orbcomm s/n FM26. Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25480 . COSPAR: 1998-053F. Apogee: 825 km (512 mi). Perigee: 811 km (503 mi). Inclination: 45.0100 deg. Period: 101.27 min. Summary: Plane C. Ascending node 181.5 degrees..

1999 September 23 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. Launch Pad: SLC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS. LV Configuration: Atlas IIAS AC-155.
  • Echostar 5 - . Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Program: Echostar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 25913 . COSPAR: 1999-050A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. The Centaur second stage put Echostar 5 into a supersynchronous transfer orbit of 131 km x 45526 km x 26.6 degrees. The satellite's own engine put it into the final geosynchronous orbit. Echostar 5 was a Ku-band satellite, part of the Dish Network. Stationed at 110 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 110 deg W in 1999. As of 5 September 2001 located at 110.01 deg W drifting at 0.003 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 128.86W drifting at 0.001E degrees per day.

2000 September 23 - . Launch Site: Hama-Allepo. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud D.
  • - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2003 September 23 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: W-Knight. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight/SpaceShipOne Flight 37L / 06G - . Crew: Melvill. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Siebold; Binnie; Melvill. Agency: Scaled. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Objectives: Third glide flight of SpaceShipOne. Aft CG flying qualities and performance evaluation of the space ship in both the glide and re-entry or "feather" mode. Glide envelope expansion to 95% airspeed, 100% alpha and beta and 70% loadfactor. More aggressive post stall maneuvering and spin control as a glider and while feathered. Nitrous temperature control during climb to altitude and performance of upgraded landing gear extension mechanism and space-worthy gear doors. Additional Details: White Knight/SpaceShipOne Flight 37L / 06G.

2004 September 23 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • Bulava cold-launch test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: Test of naval version of Topol M ICBM. A mass replica of a the new Bulava SLBM reached under 100 m altitude after being launched from the submerged SSBN Dmitry Donskoi..

2004 September 23 - . 15:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2408 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 28419 . COSPAR: 2004-037A. Apogee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.60 min. Summary: Launch to replenish Strela-3 military store-dump communications satellite constellation..
  • Cosmos 2409 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 28420 . COSPAR: 2004-037B. Apogee: 1,494 km (928 mi). Perigee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.

2005 September 23 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC8. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 1. LV Configuration: Minotaur 1 4.
  • USA 185 - . Payload: Streak STP-R1. Mass: 417 kg (919 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Manufacturer: C4. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Decay Date: 2006-06-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 28871 . COSPAR: 2005-037A. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi). Perigee: 295 km (183 mi). Inclination: 96.3000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Summary: Delayed from May, June, July, 2005. Classified research satellite, said to carry instruments to characterise the space environment in a sun-synchronous orbit..

2006 September 23 - .
  • Cassini, Titan Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2006 September 23 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 11. LV Configuration: Black Brant XI NASA 12.064GT.
  • Igniter test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2009 September 23 - . 06:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV CA. LV Configuration: PSLV CA.
  • ITU-p-SAT 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: India. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2009-051. Summary: Cubesat from Istanbul Teknik Universitesi..
  • BEESAT - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: India. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2009-051. Summary: Cubesat from Technische Universitat Berlin, Germany..

2009 September 23 - . 06:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV CA. LV Configuration: PSLV CA.
  • Rubin-9.2 - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Rubin. USAF Sat Cat: 35936 . COSPAR: 2009-051F. Apogee: 795 km (493 mi). Perigee: 715 km (444 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.90 min. Summary: Maritime communications package which remained attached to the PSLV final stage..

2009 September 23 - . 06:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV CA. LV Configuration: PSLV CA.
  • UWE-2 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: India. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2009-051. Summary: Cubesat from Julius-Maximilians-Universitat Wurzburg, Germany..

2009 September 23 - . 06:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV CA. LV Configuration: PSLV CA.
  • Rubin-9.1 - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Rubin. USAF Sat Cat: 35936 . COSPAR: 2009-051F. Apogee: 795 km (493 mi). Perigee: 715 km (444 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.90 min. Summary: Maritime communications package which remained attached to the PSLV final stage..
  • Oceansat-2 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 35931 . COSPAR: 2009-051A. Apogee: 726 km (451 mi). Perigee: 720 km (440 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: Remote sensing satellite with an 8-band ocean color monitor, a radar scatterometer and a radio occultation atmospheric sounder..

2009 September 23 - . 06:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV CA. LV Configuration: PSLV CA.
  • SwissCube - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: India. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2009-051. Summary: Cubesat from Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland.

2011 September 23 - . 04:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 202.
  • IGS 6A - . Nation: Japan. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: IGS. USAF Sat Cat: 37813 . COSPAR: 2011-050A. Summary: IGS Optical-4 satellite to replenish Japan's military reconnaisance satellite constellation..

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