Encyclopedia Astronautica
September 24


September 24 Chronology


1930 September 24 - .
  • Birth of John Watts Young - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 3, Gemini 10, Apollo 10, Apollo 16, STS-1, STS-9. Only astronaut to fly Gemini, Apollo, and Shuttle. Ninth person to walk on the moon. Space speed record (11,107 m/s)..

1939 September 24 - .
1942 September 24 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 engine run. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: The EA-1941 finally runs at 655 kgf for 11 seconds in a full-duration run. Barre feels the missile is ready for flight test, but this will have to be done in Algeria..

1944 September 24 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18827.
  • V-2 Ma216 154 D8 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Planned range 165 km. Impact 8.7 km to the left of the planned trajectory. Circular error 25.5 km from aim point..

1946 September 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike A.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 September 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Convair XF-92 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 112R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 September 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1265R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 September 24 - .
  • X-1B Flight 2 - . Crew: Ridley. Payload: X-1B flight 1. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ridley. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1B. Summary: AF flight 1. Glide flight, because of turbopump over-speeding..

1955 September 24 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 44.6 N x 60.7 W. Launch Platform: AGB-5. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon.
  • SUI 39 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Launched at Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 13 Launch Point 2 - - Latitude: 44.58 N - Longitude: 60.73 W..

1955 September 24 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.3 N x 59.4 W. Launch Platform: AGB-5. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Loki Rockoon.
  • SUI 40 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Launched at Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 13 Launch Point 3 - - Latitude: 45.28 N - Longitude: 59.42 W..

1956 September 24 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 1. LV Configuration: Kappa 1 K-1-1.
  • K-I-S-1 test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1958 September 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral RW30/12. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10. LV Configuration: X-10 s/n 12 GM-52-5.
  • Navaho X-10 Drone BOMARC target mission 1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Navaho. The remaining X-10's were expended as targets for Bomarc and Nike antiaircraft missiles. The X-10 flew out over the ocean, then accelerated toward the Cape at supersonic speed. A Bomarc A missile came within lethal miss distance. The X-10 then autolanded on the Skid Strip, but both the drag chute and landing barrier failed. The vehicle ran off the runway and exploded.

1959 September 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas C Able. LV Configuration: Atlas C Able 9C / Able-5. FAILURE: Vehicle exploded on pad.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Atlas C Able explodes on pad during static test. - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Pioneer. A participant remembers:

    I live near the Cape on Merritt Island and have been here for about 41 years. I worked for the ARMA Corp that developed the Atlas Inertial Guidance System. I was in the Blockhouse at Complex 11 while a static test was performed on an Atlas Able on Complex 12. It did explode. Did it ever! After a couple of hours the six of us were allowed out of the blockhouse and saw all the damage to our complex...I had a tiny piece of that missile for a long time that somehow wound up on my person...labeled 9C.

    The next Atlas Able would not fly until over a year later, using the Atlas D as the booster stage.


1959 September 24 - . 00:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark-2 SL15.
  • Mass spectrometer / SpE Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1960 September 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1961 September 24 - .
  • NASA reorganization - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth; Holmes, Brainard; Silverstein; Webb; Dixon. Program: Mercury. NASA Administrator Webb announced major organizational changes and top-level appointments to become effective November 1. The reorganization should provide a clearer focus on major programs and allow center directors to have a louder voice in policy making. The new appointments included the following Directors of major program offices: Ira H. Abbott, Office of Advanced Research and Technology; Homer E. Newell, Office of Space Sciences; D. Brainerd Holmes, Office of Manned Space Flight; and an as yet unnamed Director of Office of Applications Programs. Also, Thomas F. Dixon was appointed Deputy Associate Administrator; Abe Silverstein was named Director of the Lewis Research Center, and Robert R. Gilruth was chosen Director of the Manned Spacecraft Center.

1962 September 24 - . LV Family: GR-1; N1; Tsiklon.
  • N1 and GR-1 authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev; Keldysh; Yangel. Program: Vostok. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 1021-436 'On start of work on the N1 and GR-1' was issued. Following a review of the N1 project by an Academy of Sciences expert commission headed by Keldysh in July, this decree provided a detailed plan leading to a first launch by the end of 1965. Planning and drawing release for the GR-1 were completed by this date and the decree ordered test flights to begin in the third quarter of 1963. However development problems with the NK-9 engine resulted in continual delays. Finally in 1964 Korolev's GR-1 was cancelled and Yangelís R-36 was selected for the mission. This would deprive Korolev of a vital test-bed for flight test of the N1 engines.

1963 September 24 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache AC5.475.
  • Firefly IV IRMA Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1964 September 24 - . LV Family: N1; R-56; R-9; Tsiklon; UR-100; UR-200; UR-700. Launch Vehicle: R-26.
  • Khrushchev visits Baikonur - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Khrushchev; Yangel; Chelomei; Brezhnev; Smirnov; Ustinov; Korolev; Glushko; Gagarin; Belyayev; Leonov. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft: Voskhod; Berkut; LK-700. This was his last visit, just weeks before his overthrow. The Soviet leadership were shown the UR-100 and observed launches of the competing UR-200 and R-36. Khrushchev agreed with the decision to put the R-36 into production instead of Chelomeiís UR-200. He felt he couldnít turn down Yangel a third time after approving Korolevís N1 instead of Yangelís R-56 and Chelomeiís UR-100 instead of Yangelís R-26. Khrushchev decided to cancel Korolevís badly behind schedule R-9A, even though Smirnov and Ustinov insisted they wanted it in their arsenal (in May 1965, after Khrushchevís overthrow, this decision was reversed and the R-9A went into production).

    Khrushchev also visited a secret space fair, with Korolev, Chelomei, Yangel, and Glushko presenting their rockets and spacecraft. Chelomei presented his UR-700 heavy lift design as an alternative to Korolevís N1. This presentation was a surprise to Ustinov and Dementiev. Khrushchev ordered Chelomei to prepare a draft proposal for the design. Chelomei hoped that 12 to 18 months later, when the UR-700 draft project would be completed, the fallacy of Korolevís N1 design would be apparent to all. Korolevís N1 plans were also reviewed and approved at the meeting.

    Over the two days, Khruschev witnessed five launches of rockets by Korolev, Yangel, and Chelomei, all of them successful. Gagarin and Belyayev explained the Vykhod spacecraft to him, and Leonov donned a spacesuit and demonstrated how he would exit into open space form the inflatable airlock and return thereafter. All went very well.

    This was the last time Khrushchev saw the chief designers of the Soviet rocket industry. Despite his support for them not one of them visited him in his retirement.


1964 September 24 - .
  • NASA studying the feasibility of a manned orbiting telescope. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop. A background briefing for the press regarding astronomy programs was held in Washington. Nancy Roman, who directed the agency's astronomy activities, disclosed that NASA was studying the feasibility of a manned orbiting telescope. Although the telescope would be designed to operate automatically, man would adjust its focus, collect film packets, and make any necessary repairs. The space agency had already invited members of the scientific community to propose astronomical studies suitable for use in space, and several NASA centers were performing related engineering support studies.

1964 September 24 - . 04:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C SL133.
  • Plasma / Solar X Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1964 September 24 - . 05:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/20. LV Family: UR-200. Launch Vehicle: UR-200.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 686 km (426 mi). Summary: Demonstration launch witnessed by Khrushchev..

1964 September 24 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. LV Configuration: Vostok 8A92 R15001-05.
  • Cosmos 46 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 23. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1964-10-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 885 . COSPAR: 1964-059A. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 51.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Demonstration launch witnessed by Khrushchev..

1964 September 24 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 449.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 September 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 458.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 September 24 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Coronie. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.226IA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1966 September 24 - . 09:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.27IA.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 930 km (570 mi).

1966 September 24 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1968 September 24 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 10 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: HL-10 flight 10. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. Summary: XLR-11 engine installed. Maximum Speed - 722 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 245 sec..

1968 September 24 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.185US.
  • HCO Spectrometer Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1969 September 24 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • Ye-8-5 failure analysis - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tyulin; Savin; Smirnov. Program: Luna. Flight: Soyuz 6; Soyuz 7; Soyuz 8. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8-5. The cause of the Ye-8-5 failure is found to be a valve that was stuck open after the first stage burn, resulting in the oxidiser boiling away in the vacuum of space. Tyulin inquires about the possibility of commanding the Ye-8-5 to conduct a series of manoeuvres and testing re-entry of the soil return capsule in the earth's atmosphere. An interesting concept, but the engineers have not planned for such an eventuality.

    NII-2 MO, represented by Lt General Korolev and Chief Designer Savin present plans for their Svinets experiment. It will observe ICBM rocket plumes from space in order to aid design of anti-ballistic missile systems. They had asked Smirnov to conduct a solid propellant rocket launch in order to test the device properly, but he could only schedule a liquid propellant rocket launch. Kamanin had wanted this experiment to be conducted aboard Voskhod 3, but Smirnov has cancelled that mission as well - delaying Soviet ABM development, in Kamanin's view.


1969 September 24 - .
  • Soyuz 6-7-8 readiness review is made by Ustinov, Kerimov (for Afanasyev), Mishin, and Karas - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Ustinov; Kerimov; Mishin; Karas; Smirnov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 6; Soyuz 7; Soyuz 8. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. The members do not believe the three spacecraft and crews are ready for flight. They rate the availability of the actual spacecraft for training before the flight at 20 to 30%, while the trainers are being used at 200% of their rated capacity. The result is the cosmonauts can only train on the technical systems of the actual spacecraft after they have been delivered to the cosmodrome. The situation is even worse with the experimental equipment for the flights, which in some cases they do not see until they are at the cosmodrome. Unwilling to commit themselves, the commission bumps the decision whether to proceed up to the Politburo. Ustinov and Smirnov badly guide the whole space program, in Kamanin's view. The Politburo won't meet until 29 September -- he hopes the Russian bureaucracy can complete all the steps to approve the flights before the scheduled launch day!

1969 September 24 - .
  • X-24 Flight 5 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: X-24A flight 5. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-24A. Summary: Glide. Maximum Speed - 637 kph. Maximum Altitude - 12190 m. Flight Time - 257 sec..

1969 September 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC110L. LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 on launch pad 110 west. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L3. Summary: This was the first new launch vehicle erection activity detected by US reconnsats after the destruction of pad 110 east in the July launch failure. The all-white launch vehicle, with no payload, is believed to be either N1 mockup 1M1 or flight vehicle 6L..

1969 September 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 2129.
  • OT GT21F operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1969 September 24 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 301 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 79. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-10-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 4106 . COSPAR: 1969-081A. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1969 September 24 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.294US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 September 24 - .
  • Luna 16 returns lunar soil to earth. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Luna. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8-5. Summary: Luna 16 lands only 30 km from its aim point, 80 km southeast of Dzhezkazgan. There was ideal weather in the recovery area, the radio beacon worked well, and a helicopter picked up the capsule only a few minutes after landing..

1970 September 24 - .
  • Mishin has new landing scenario for L3 missions. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK. Mishin's latest plan is land the L3 in the Indian Ocean after return from the moon, but Soyuz is not rated for swells over 3 to 4 balls. Also there is no money for the needed recovery forces. By comparison the Americans have made the sea their home. Their aircraft carriers give them control over 300 times more ocean area than the Soviet Union.

1970 September 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C5.
  • S02C5 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 September 24 - . 12:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J. LV Configuration: Thor DSV-2J 271.
  • HAP / SXRE X-ray astronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 September 24 - .
  • M2 Flight 26 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 10. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Summary: Maximum Speed - 772 kph. Maximum Altitude - 12802 m. Flight Time - 210 sec..

1971 September 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5V.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 September 24 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 September 24 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 440 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 10. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1972-01-20 . Decay Date: 1972-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 5480 . COSPAR: 1971-079A. Apogee: 788 km (489 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1971 September 24 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 September 24 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 September 24 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P122H.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1971 September 24 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-2.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1972 September 24 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA CRL A17.110-2.
  • Auroral D / E region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1972 September 24 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 S77/2.
  • ESRO S77 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1973 September 24 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1974 September 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Ute. Launch Vehicle: Nike Malemute. LV Configuration: Nike Malemute NASA 28.002GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 465 km (288 mi).

1974 September 24 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P50H.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1975 September 24 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 10. LV Configuration: Kappa 10 K-10-11.
  • X-ray astronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1975 September 24 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53721-260.
  • Cosmos 770 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 8325 . COSPAR: 1975-089A. Apogee: 1,208 km (750 mi). Perigee: 1,165 km (723 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 109.10 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1975 September 24 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.163UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1975 September 24 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1976 September 24 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: TT-210. LV Configuration: TT-210 TT-210-3F.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 September 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 857 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1976-10-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 9439 . COSPAR: 1976-097A. Apogee: 331 km (205 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1977 September 24 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: Probable failure of launch vehicle stage to reach proper orbit.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Cosmos 956 - . Payload: Tselina-D Mass model. Mass: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 1982-06-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 10375 . COSPAR: 1977-095A. Apogee: 864 km (536 mi). Perigee: 355 km (220 mi). Inclination: 75.8000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Summary: Launch vehicle test. Dummy payload. Probable failure of launch vehicle stage to reach proper orbit. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1977 September 24 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois GL A07.707-1.
  • DMSP CHEM Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1977 September 24 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Paiute Tomahawk GL A10.705-1.
  • DMSP MS SP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1977 September 24 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53731-278.
  • Intercosmos 17 - . Payload: AUOS-Z-R-E-IK. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: IK. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Completed Operations Date: 1979-01-16 . Decay Date: 1979-11-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 10376 . COSPAR: 1977-096A. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 466 km (289 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Summary: Investigation of energetic charged and neutral particles and micrometeorite fluxes in circumterrestrial space. .

1979 September 24 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.39UG.
  • JHU UVS Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1979 September 24 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.39UE.
  • SSC S29 Barium-GEOS Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi).

1980 September 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT78GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1981 September 24 - . 23:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3910/PAM. LV Configuration: Delta 3910/PAM 641/D156.
  • SBS 2 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SBS. Program: SBS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 1996-09-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 12855 . COSPAR: 1981-096A. Apogee: 35,854 km (22,278 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 10.1000 deg. Period: 1,437.70 min. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 97 deg W in 1981-1983; 104 deg W in 1983; 97 deg W in 1983-1988; 99 deg W in 1988-1990; 97 deg W in 1990-1994; 71 deg W in 1994-1996 As of 31 August 2001 located at 125.63 deg E drifting at 0.458 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 125.97W drifting at 0.561W degrees per day. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).

1982 September 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT90GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1982 September 24 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1410 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 3. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 13589 . COSPAR: 1982-096A. Apogee: 1,503 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1985 September 24 - . 01:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL.
  • Cosmos 1684 - . Payload: Oko #42. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 16064 . COSPAR: 1985-084A. Apogee: 32,715 km (20,328 mi). Perigee: 7,606 km (4,726 mi). Inclination: 67.9000 deg. Period: 717.10 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1586. Covered Oko constellation plane 4 - 35 degree longitude of ascending node..

1986 September 24 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1988 September 24 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. LV Configuration: Atlas E 63E / Star-37S-ISS.
  • NOAA 11 - . Payload: NOAA H. Mass: 1,712 kg (3,774 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Advanced Tiros N. USAF Sat Cat: 19531 . COSPAR: 1988-089A. Apogee: 854 km (530 mi). Perigee: 838 km (520 mi). Inclination: 99.2000 deg. Period: 101.90 min. Summary: Carried search & rescue package. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1991 September 24 - . 09:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1992 September 24 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Platform: CG-20. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier LEAP. LV Configuration: Terrier LEAP Rockwell LEAP.
  • FTV-1 (Dummy LEAP) Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1993 September 24 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135. LV Configuration: MT-135-59.
  • NNP-O3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1994 September 24 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.228UE.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 24 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.227UE.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1995 September 24 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42L. LV Configuration: Ariane 42L+ V78.
  • Telstar 402R - . Mass: 3,410 kg (7,510 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ATT. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Telstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 7000. USAF Sat Cat: 23670 . COSPAR: 1995-049A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Direct TV for continental US. Stationed at 89.0 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 89 deg W in 1995-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 88.96 deg W drifting at 0.003 deg W per day. The Telstar 4 (former Telstar 402R) satellite suffered a power failure on September 19 2003 and was a total loss. It was part of AT&T's satellite fleet, later sold to Loral Skynet by 2003 in the process of being sold to Intelsat. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 116.15W drifting at 0.086W degrees per day.

1996 September 24 - .
1996 September 24 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: TR-1. Launch Vehicle: TR-1A. LV Configuration: TR-1A TR-1A-5.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1997 September 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC32. Launch Vehicle: Storm-2.
  • MTTV-4/Patriot Targ Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SSDC. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1997 September 24 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML.
  • Molniya-1T - . Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. USAF Sat Cat: 24960 . COSPAR: 1997-054A. Apogee: 39,575 km (24,590 mi). Perigee: 782 km (485 mi). Inclination: 63.9000 deg. Period: 717.80 min.

1998 September 24 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC32. Launch Vehicle: Storm-2.
  • MTTV/MTD-3 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; OSC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1999 September 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-67. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 CTV-1A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1999 September 24 - . 18:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC6. LV Family: Athena. Launch Vehicle: Athena-2. LV Configuration: Athena-2 LM-007.
  • Ikonos - . Mass: 726 kg (1,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SpaceIm. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ikonos. USAF Sat Cat: 25919 . COSPAR: 1999-051A. Apogee: 679 km (421 mi). Perigee: 678 km (421 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.30 min. Summary: Commercial / civilian high resolution (1 metre resolution) photograhic satellite..

2004 September 24 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2410 - . Mass: 6,700 kg (14,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 107.00 days. Decay Date: 2005-01-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 28396 . COSPAR: 2004-038A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Film-return reconnaisance satellite. Maneuvered on October 1 to a 213 x 330 km orbit. Believed to be an improved Yantar-4K1 with a longer lifetime - and given the code name 'Kobalt' previously applied to the defunct Yantar-4K2 system. When re-entry was commanded after only 107 days in orbit, there was speculation that problems had arisen with the satellite. Sources claimed the satellite had some kind of control problem, which was brought under control, and the two smaller film return capsules were successfully returned. But when the control problem reoccurred, it was decided to bring the main re-entry capsule down early. At retrofire, two objects were tracked as having separated from the spacecraft. Russian search teams were unable to locate the capsule after re-entry. Further launches of the satellite were put on hold until a State Commission could determine the causes of the failure.

2005 September 24 - .
  • Cassini, Tethys Non-Targeted Flyby, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2011 September 24 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL.
  • Atlantic Bird 7 - . Nation: Europe. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 37816 . COSPAR: 2011-051A. Apogee: 35,804 km (22,247 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Eutelsat's communications satellite. First mission by Sea Launch from the Odyssey floating launch platform after emerging from bankruptcy..

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