Encyclopedia Astronautica
September 30

September 30 Chronology


1929 September 30 - . Launch Vehicle: Me-163; Opel.
  • Opel Sander Rak 1 flies. - . Crew: Opel. Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Lippisch; Opel. Opel sponsored resumption of tests of rocket-boosted gliders near Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany. These involved a design by Lippisch, boosted by 16 powder rockets of 23 kgf each. With Opel at the controls, the glider successfully launched itself from a 20-m long rail launcher, and he flew the aircraft for ten minutes. However the landing went badly - the design had a landing speed of 160 kph, and with a total weight of 270 kg, a high wing loading. Opel survived but the glider had to be written off. This was Opel's last involvement with rocketry. General Motors, the majority owner of the Opel company, prohibited further rocketry work after the stock market crash. Fritz von Opel left the country and moved to Switzerland.

1933 September 30 - . Launch Site: Raketenflugplatz.
  • End of Raketenflugplatz - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Nebel; Riedel, Klaus. Nebel is presented with a water bill of 1600 Marks for 1930-1933. He and the VfR are unable to pay, so the government cancels the lease and takes the property back. Klaus Riedel manages to arrange employment for himself and several of the VfR technicians with Siemens, which also agrees to allow them to store the Raketenflugplatz rockets and technical materials in a company warehouse. After Riedel and the others are recruited by the Army and leave for Peenemuende, Nebel allegedly sells of these materials. In any case they disappear.

1939 September 30 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Rocket development given highest priority - . Nation: Germany. Von Brauchtisch obtained the highest priority for development of the A4. This was used in early 1940 to get 4,000 soldiers with the necessary engineering and technical backgrounds released from the Army and sent to Peenemuende's 'Versuchskommando-Nord'. Nevertheless there was a constant fight for priority in obtaining materials.

1943 September 30 - .
  • Aberdeen proposes rocket development. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Aberdeen Ballistic Research Laboratories' Study entitled "Development of Long-Range Rocket Projectile" was submitted by the Army to the National Defense Research Committee. The project was accepted by NDRC..

1944 September 30 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18774. FAILURE: Airburst.
  • V-2 Ma189 169 C3 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Planned range 165 km. Airburst 4.6 km to the right of the planned trajectory. Circular error 6.8 km from aim point..

1948 September 30 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC. LV Configuration: Bumper-WAC Bumper 3. FAILURE: Failure in the second stage, explosion prior to separation..
  • Test / solar ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: V-2 reached 150.6 km, 1410 m/s; WAC destroyed..

1949 September 30 - .
  • First powered flight of the 346-2 rocketplane. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: 346. As with the American XS-1, the rocketplane was launched from a captured B-29 bomber. German pilot Wolfgang Ziese conducted all of the initial flight tests. Initial glider flights with the 346P, 346-1 aircraft were flown in 1948. The first powered flight was successful but Ziese was injured after the landing skid collapsed after a fast landing.

1949 September 30 - .
  • Birth of Michel Ange-Charles Tognini - . Nation: France. Summary: French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Mir Antares, STS-93. Trained for missions under both US and Russian programs..

1949 September 30 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2E. LV Configuration: R-2e 2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Range achieved 562.2 km. Deviation from aim point -9.3 km. Launched at 1449 local time..

1952 September 30 - . Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • Eole program terminated - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: The Veronique developed by the LRBA German team has been more successful and the French military sees no use for rockets using liquid oxygen on the battlefield..

1954 September 30 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal. LV Configuration: Corporal T-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 September 30 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 70.2 N x 62.5 W. Launch Platform: AGB-5. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Loki Rockoon.
  • SUI 49 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Launched at Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 13 Launch Point 12 - - Latitude: 70.20 N - Longitude: 62.45 W..

1956 September 30 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7.
  • Sputnik 3 draft project approved. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Sputnik 3. Decree 'On approval of the draft project for Object D' was issued. The decree gave the go-ahead for Tikhonravov's 1.4 tonne ISZ physics satellite to be launched by the new R-7 ICBM during the International Geophysical Year . The ISZ, a miniature physics laboratory,.was to have been the first artificial satellite of the earth. In the event, it was preceded by Sputniks 1 and 2.

1956 September 30 - . LV Family: N1; Proton.
  • First official plan for future Soviet spaceflight - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Sputnik 3; Vostok; Zenit-2. This set forth the following objectives: orbiting of satellites of 1.8 to 2.5 tonnes mass by 1958; one week flight of a manned spacecraft by 1964; unmanned reconnaissance satellite by 1970; rocket capable of 12 tonne escape velocity payload by 1970; rocket with 100 tonne low earth orbit payload to be developed, capable of placing 2 to 3 men on the moon (no date set).

1957 September 30 - .
  • Internation Rocket and Satellite Conference - . Nation: USA. Summary: Scientists from 12 countries, including the United States and U.S.S.R., attended International Rocket and Satellite Conference held at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., under the sponsorship of CSAGI..

1958 September 30 - .
  • X-1E Flight 24 - . Crew: McKay. Payload: X-1E flight 24. Nation: USA. Related Persons: McKay. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1E. Summary: NACA flight 23. Check of low-speed stability and control..

1959 September 30 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Asp. LV Configuration: Terrier Asp Tarp.
  • Ultraviolet Scanner test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 September 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC84. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • First flight of R-14 missile. - . Nation: USSR.

1959 September 30 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.204C.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 September 30 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-2.
  • Space Exploration Program Council - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Low, George. Program: Apollo. The fourth meeting of the Space Exploration Program Council was held at NASA Headquarters. The results of a study on Saturn development and utilization was presented by the Ad Hoc Saturn Study Committee. Objectives of the study were to determine (1) if and when the Saturn C-2 launch vehicle should be developed and (2) if mission and spacecraft planning was consistent with the Saturn vehicle development schedule. No change in the NASA Fiscal Year 1962 budget was contemplated. The Committee recommended that the Saturn C-2 development should proceed on schedule (S-II stage contract in Fiscal Year 1962, first flight in 1965). The C-2 would be essential, the study reported, for Apollo manned circumlunar missions, lunar unmanned exploration, Mars and Venus orbiters and capsule landers, probes to other planets and out-of- ecliptic, and for orbital starting of nuclear upper stages. Additional Details: Space Exploration Program Council.

1960 September 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 007.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 September 30 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Nike Viper I.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AEC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1961 September 30 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.25US.
  • OSO spectrometer Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1962 September 30 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.69CG.
  • Lockheed XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1963 September 30 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Manned Spacecraft Center awarded its first incentive-type contract to Ling-Temco-Vought, Inc., Dallas, Texas for the fabrication of a trainer to be used in the Gemini launch vehicle training program. - . Nation: USA. The fixed-price-incentive-fee contract had a target cost of $90,000, a target profit of $9,000, and a ceiling of $105,000. The incentive was based on cost only and provided for an 80/20 sharing arrangement; that is, the contractor would pay from his profit 20 percent of all savings under the target cost, or, alternatively, would receive 20 percent of all savings under the target cost. This meant that the contractor's profit would be zero after $97,500 was spent, and would be minus if costs exceeded $105,000.

1963 September 30 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Air Force Space Systems Division contracted with Aerojet-General for a program to develop a backup for the injectors of the second stage engine of the Gemini launch vehicle. - . Nation: USA. Titan II development flights had shown the stage II engine tended toward incipient combustion instability. The Gemini Stability Improvement Program, begun as a backup, became a program aimed at maximum probability of success on December 24, 1963. The 18-month program produced a completely redesigned stage II engine injector.

1963 September 30 - .
  • Gagarin visits UNESCO. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Gagarin; Tereshkova. Flight: Vostok 6. Summary: Gagarin visits UNESCO in Paris, followed by an interview with Paris Match. In the evening he and Kamanin visit Maxim's. On the same day Tereshkova departs for Cuba from Moscow. This is followed by a visit to Mexico. .

1964 September 30 - .
  • Formal inspection of Block II Apollo CSM mockup - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Block II. Summary: NAA conducted formal inspection and review of Block II CSM mockup..

1964 September 30 - .
1965 September 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. Launch Pad: LC41/4?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • PBG - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1965 September 30 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C ESRO S04/1 (SEO8).
  • MPE Ba-12 / Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1965 September 30 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R8.
  • Rubis 02 Radio astronomy / particles mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,760 km (1,090 mi).

1965 September 30 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-60-99.
  • X-15A Infrared Scanner test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4373 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23350 m..

1965 September 30 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D SLV-3. LV Configuration: SLV-3 Agena D 7110 / Agena D 7110.
  • KH 7-22 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 22 / OPS 6004. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1965-10-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 1609 . COSPAR: 1965-076A. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi). Perigee: 237 km (147 mi). Inclination: 95.6000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Summary: KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 September 30 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1966 September 30 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.146GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1966 September 30 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.217GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1967 September 30 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.104DS.
  • OSO 3 cal Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1968 September 30 - .
  • Launch preparation for Apollo 7 and 8 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 7; Apollo 8. Summary: NASA Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller summarized for his superiors launch preparation for the near-term missions Apollo 7 and Apollo 8.. Additional Details: Launch preparation for Apollo 7 and 8.

1968 September 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Final test launch of Jericho/MD.620 from France. Full French military embargo of Israel took effect in January 1969 after an Israeli raid on Beirut in December 1968..

1968 September 30 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150 MI. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 MI-20 NASA 04.231GS.
  • GSFC extreme ultraviolet Spec Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1969 September 30 - .
  • Politburo approves Soyuz 6/7/8 flight. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Ustinov; Smirnov; Afanasyev, Sergei; Mishin; Kutakhov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 6; Soyuz 7; Soyuz 8. Summary: Ustinov, Smirnov, Afanasyev, Mishin, and Kutakhov appear before the Politburo and affirm the readiness of the spacecraft, boosters, and crews of Soyuz 6/7/8 for flight. Approval is given to proceed..

1969 September 30 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 26 - . Crew: Hoag. Payload: HL-10 flight 26. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoag. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. Summary: 2 chambers. Maximum Speed - 780 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16380 m. Flight Time - 436 sec..

1969 September 30 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thorad Agena D SLV-2G. LV Configuration: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D 525.
  • OPS 1807 - . Payload: EHH B17. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1970-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 4111 . COSPAR: 1969-082A. Apogee: 484 km (300 mi). Perigee: 446 km (277 mi). Inclination: 69.6000 deg. Period: 93.90 min.
  • Surcal - . Payload: NRL PL161 / OPS 7613. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Surcal. USAF Sat Cat: 4259 . COSPAR: 1969-082D. Apogee: 928 km (576 mi). Perigee: 899 km (558 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.30 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Surcal - . Payload: NRL PL162 / OPS 7613. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Surcal. USAF Sat Cat: 4237 . COSPAR: 1969-082E. Apogee: 925 km (574 mi). Perigee: 899 km (558 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.30 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Surcal - . Payload: NRL PL163 / OPS 7613. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Surcal. USAF Sat Cat: 4247 . COSPAR: 1969-082F. Apogee: 925 km (574 mi). Perigee: 898 km (557 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Surcal - . Payload: NRL PL176 / OPS 7613. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Surcal. USAF Sat Cat: 4256 . COSPAR: 1969-082B. Apogee: 918 km (570 mi). Perigee: 893 km (554 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.10 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • SOICAL Cone - . Payload: S69-4 Cone. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: SOICAL. USAF Sat Cat: 4132 . COSPAR: 1969-082K. Apogee: 870 km (540 mi). Perigee: 844 km (524 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 102.10 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Timation 2 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Program: Navstar. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Timation. USAF Sat Cat: 4257 . COSPAR: 1969-082C. Apogee: 925 km (574 mi). Perigee: 898 km (557 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Summary: Navigation experiments leading eventually to Navstar/GPS system. Operated for 6 years..
  • SOICAL Cylinder - . Payload: S69-4 Cylinder. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: SOICAL. USAF Sat Cat: 4166 . COSPAR: 1969-082J. Apogee: 812 km (504 mi). Perigee: 791 km (491 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 100.90 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Surcal - . Payload: NRL PL164 / OPS 7613. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Program: ELINT. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: NRL ELINT. USAF Sat Cat: 4295 . COSPAR: 1969-082G. Apogee: 926 km (575 mi). Perigee: 899 km (558 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.30 min. Summary: Identified by McDowell as probable NRL ELINT satellite..
  • Tempsat 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Tempsat. USAF Sat Cat: 4168 . COSPAR: 1969-082H. Apogee: 924 km (574 mi). Perigee: 899 km (558 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1969 September 30 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3E.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 September 30 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P46H.
  • Night D / E-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1970 September 30 - .
  • DOS trainer final inspection. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Salyut. Spacecraft: Salyut 1. Nasser is dead - a blow to Soviet interests. Kamanin goes to Khrunichev to inspect the DOS-7K space station mock-up. It is to be delivered to the cosmonaut training centre on 20 October. Kamanin believes the planned 5 February launch for DOS#1, and 15 February launch for Soyuz 10, cannot be met.

1970 September 30 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B. LV Configuration: Scout B S171C.
  • RAM C-3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 269 km (167 mi).

1971 September 30 - .
  • Apollo telescope mount results from thermal/vacuum test performed September-December 1971. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Apollo ATM. Corrective measures were being incorporated into the Apollo telescope mount as a result of the prototype thermal/vacuum test being performed in the MSC Space Environmental Simulation Laboratory September-December 1971. A number of anomalies unidentified in previous component system or subsystem tests were identified. Unlocated, the anomalies could have had serious impacts on ATM orbital operations.

1972 September 30 - . 20:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-03 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. Decay Date: 1978-01-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 6208 . COSPAR: 1972-075A. Apogee: 39,170 km (24,330 mi). Perigee: 470 km (290 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 703.30 min. Summary: Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system; transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and international cooperation. .

1973 September 30 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. LV Configuration: Atlas F 108F.
  • BMRS ACE-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1974 September 30 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1975 September 30 - .
  • Charles Kowal's Discovery of Jupiter Moon Themisto - . Nation: USA.

1975 September 30 - . Launch Site: Marambio. LV Family: Canopus. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A).
1975 September 30 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SFT-05 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 September 30 - . 18:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53721-258.
  • Cosmos 773 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 8343 . COSPAR: 1975-094A. Apogee: 790 km (490 mi). Perigee: 772 km (479 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.50 min.

1976 September 30 - . 21:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1977 September 30 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • SRB Hydroburst test - . Nation: USA. Summary: A flight-representative shuttle Solid Rocket Booster was subjected to water pressure until the casing burst..

1977 September 30 - .
  • Complete mate vertical stabilizer, STA-099 - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Summary: Complete mate vertical stabilizer, Palmdale (STA-099).

1977 September 30 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur SLV-3D. LV Configuration: SLV-3D Centaur AC-43 / Centaur D-1AR 5701. FAILURE: Atlas failure - gas generator hot gas leak.. Failed Stage: 1.
1977 September 30 - . 09:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 957 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 10385 . COSPAR: 1977-098A. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1978 September 30 - .
  • Uragan space interceptor project begun - . Nation: USSR. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Uragan Space Interceptor. In order to counter US space shuttle flights made in polar orbits from Vandenberg, deep black Uragan project begun. Scaled-up Spiral to be launched by new Zenit launch vehicle, carrying Nudelmann recoilless gun (same as developed for TKS) for destruction of shuttle after interception and inspection. First flight planned 1983.

1978 September 30 - .
  • Operational readiness date, crawler. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Summary: Operational readiness date, mobile launcher platform, KSC.

1980 September 30 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.65UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi).

1981 September 30 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.63GS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1981 September 30 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1312 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 2. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 12879 . COSPAR: 1981-098A. Apogee: 1,503 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,491 km (926 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1981 September 30 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C SSC S33.
  • PIRAT Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1982 September 30 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1411 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-10-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 13597 . COSPAR: 1982-098A. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1983 September 30 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65093-482.
  • Cosmos 1501 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1989-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 14380 . COSPAR: 1983-101A. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 437 km (271 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Summary: Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1985 September 30 - .
  • International Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Syria. Related Persons: Faris; Munir. Summary: Training group of Syrian 'guest cosmonauts' for propaganda flights to the Salyut space station..

1985 September 30 - . 19:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL.
  • Cosmos 1687 - . Payload: Oko #43. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 16103 . COSPAR: 1985-088A. Apogee: 36,187 km (22,485 mi). Perigee: 4,160 km (2,580 mi). Inclination: 67.7000 deg. Period: 717.70 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1401. Covered Oko constellation plane 2 - 314 degree longitude of ascending node..

1986 September 30 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Western Test Range DZ. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 120.0 W. Launch Platform: F-15. Launch Vehicle: ASAT.
  • ASAT Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Successful test; minitaure homing vehicle homed on the selected star..

1986 September 30 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 733. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 September 30 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1782 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 57. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16986 . COSPAR: 1986-074A. Apogee: 628 km (390 mi). Perigee: 605 km (375 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.00 min.

1987 September 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M2 15A18M. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1988 September 30 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 12.41WT.
  • BEARS Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 950 km (590 mi).

1991 September 30 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-193.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 September 30 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: DC-X. Launch Vehicle: DC-X.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDAC. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Demonstrated 180 degree roll; provided aerostability data. Reached 370 m during 57 second flight. Last test of first series -- vehicle mothballed when SDIO funding ran out..

1993 September 30 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 359-01.
  • Raduga 30 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 41L. Mass: 1,965 kg (4,332 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Raduga . USAF Sat Cat: 22836 . COSPAR: 1993-062A. Apogee: 35,806 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,762 km (22,221 mi). Inclination: 5.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Stationed at 83 deg E, replacing Raduga-26. Operation of telephone and telegraph radio communications and transmission of television programmes. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 85 deg E in 1993-1999 As of 6 September 2001 located at 86.23 deg E drifting at 0.009 deg W per day. Raduga 30 followed on 30 September 1993 and was transferred to 85 degrees E. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 74.18E drifting at 0.046E degrees per day.

1994 September 30 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-68.
  • STS-68 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Baker, Mike; Bursch; Jones; Smith, Steven; Wilcutt; Wisoff. Payload: Endeavour F07 / SRL-2. Mass: 12,510 kg (27,570 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Baker, Mike; Bursch; Jones; Smith, Steven; Wilcutt; Wisoff. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-68. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 11.24 days. Decay Date: 1994-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 23285 . COSPAR: 1994-062A. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Carried SIR-C SAR. Landed at Edwards Air Force Base on October 11. Payloads: Space Radar Laboratory (SRL) 2, five Getaway Special payloads, Chromosome and Plant Cell Division in Space (CHROMEX) 5, Biological Research in Canisters (BRIC) 01, Cosmic Radiation Effects and Activation Monitor (CREAM), Military Application of Ship Tracks (MAST), Commercial Protein Crystal Growth (CPCG).
  • MAPS - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Decay Date: 1994-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 23285 . COSPAR: 1994-062xx. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 88.60 min.
  • SRL-2 - . Payload: SRL PLT. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Decay Date: 1994-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 23285 . COSPAR: 1994-062xx. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 88.60 min.

1995 September 30 - .
  • Last transmission received from Pioneer 11 - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Pioneer 10-11. Science operations and daily telemetry ceased when the RTG power level was insufficient to operate any experiments. As of the end of 1995 the spacecraft was located at 44.7 AU from the Sun at a nearly asymptotic latitude of 17.4 degrees above the solar equatorial plane and was heading outward at 2.5 AU/year. Routine tracking and project data processing operations were terminated on March 31, 1997 for budget reasons.

1997 September 30 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.140DS.
  • HRTS 10 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1998 September 30 - .
  • 321st Missile Group at Grand Forks AFB, North Dakota, inactivated as part of the ICBM drawdown. - . Nation: USA.

2001 September 30 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Athena. Launch Vehicle: Athena-1. LV Configuration: Athena-1 LM-001.
  • Starshine 3 - . Mass: 67 kg (147 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Starshine. Decay Date: 2003-01-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 26929 . COSPAR: 2001-043A. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 472 km (293 mi). Inclination: 67.0000 deg. Possibly last Athena flight. Launch delayed from September 1, 18, 22, 23, 25, 28. This was the first orbital launch from Alaska's Kodiak Island launch site (Foul weather and auroral conditions had delayed the launch many times) . The Lockheed Martin Athena-1's Orbit Adjust Module's (OAM) four MR-107 hydrazine engines fired for 12 minutes to put the payloads in a 237 x 815 km transfer orbit. After a coast to apogee above East Africa, a second burn at 0337 GMT circularized the orbit. USAF Space Test Program satellites Picosat, Sapphire and PCSat were deployed into an 790 x 800 km x 67 deg orbit between 0344 and 0352 GMT; the OAM then made a perigee lowering burn to a 470 x 800 km orbit. Another burn half an orbit later put OAM in a 467 x 474 km orbit, from wish Starshine 3 was deployed. Finally, the OAM made a perigee-lowering depletion burn which left in a 215 x 403 km x 67.2 deg orbit from which would reenter in a few months.

    Starshine-3 was a 90 kg, 0.9 m geodetic sphere that was to be observed by students. The NASA satellite was basically a passive light-reflecting sphere, consisting of 1,500 student-built mirrors (polished by kindergarten and grade school students from many countries) and 31 laser "retroreflectors". A few solar cells provide enough power to send a beacon at 145.825 MHz every minute. Ham operators around the world were expected to obtain signal strengths from which the decay (due to magnetic torque) of its spin rate could be determined. The project was managed by NASA GSFC and Starshine was built by the Naval Research Laboratory.

  • PCSat - . Mass: 67 kg (147 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 26931 . COSPAR: 2001-043C. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi). Perigee: 789 km (490 mi). Inclination: 67.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. PCSat (Prototype Communications SATellite) was to act as a relay for UHF/VHF amateur radio transmissions. It was built by the midshipmen at the US Naval Academy. It was to augment the existing worldwide Amateur Radio Automatic Position Reporting System; mass was around 10 kg.
  • Picosat - . Mass: 67 kg (147 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-70. USAF Sat Cat: 26930 . COSPAR: 2001-043B. Apogee: 795 km (493 mi). Perigee: 788 km (489 mi). Inclination: 67.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. STP P97-1 Picosat was built by Surrey Satellite for the USAF using a Uosat-type bus. The 68 kg satellite was to test electronic components/systems in space conditions. It carried four test payloads: Polymer Battery Experiment (PBEX), Ionospheric Occultation Experiment (IOX), Coherent Electromagnetic Radio Tomagraphy (CERTO) and an ultra-quiet platform (OPPEX). Called Picosat 9 by some Agencies although not related to other satellites in that series.
  • Sapphire - . Mass: 67 kg (147 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Lockheed. Manufacturer: Stanford. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Sapphire. USAF Sat Cat: 26932 . COSPAR: 2001-043D. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi). Perigee: 790 km (490 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Summary: SAPPHIRE (a US DoD-funded microsatellite) was built by Stanford University students and carried experimental infrared horizon sensors, a voice synthesizer and a digital camera. The satellite was about 0.5m in size and had a mass of 16 kg..

2002 September 30 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2003 September 30 - .
  • SMART-1, Ion Engine Turn On, Successful - . Nation: Europe. Spacecraft: SMART-1.

2004 September 30 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pameungpeuk. LV Family: RX-250. Launch Vehicle: LAPAN.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Indonesia. Agency: LAPAN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 September 30 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV. LV Configuration: Volna VMF RF.
  • RSM-50 Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Search for payload at reentry site was unsuccessful. Delayed from fourth quarter 2003, May and October 2004, July 5/8, September 15 and 27, 2005..

2009 September 30 - . 07:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG s/n 1748.
  • Soyuz TMA-16 - . Call Sign: Bort. Crew: Surayev; Williams, Jeffrey; Laliberte. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 226. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-21; ISS EO-20; ISS EO-19. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 169.17 days. Decay Date: 2010-03-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 35940 . COSPAR: 2009-053A. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi). Perigee: 342 km (212 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Summary: Docked with the International Space Station at 08:35 GMT on 2 October. Carried the EO-21 crew of Suraev and Williams, and space tourist Guy Laliberte due to the station. Surayev and Williams landed aboard Soyuz TMA-16 in Kazakhstan on 18 March 2010..

2010 September 30 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya-M.
  • Cosmos 2469 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 37170 . COSPAR: 2010-049A. Apogee: 39,609 km (24,611 mi). Perigee: 745 km (462 mi). Inclination: 62.9000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Summary: Early warning satellite..

2010 September 30 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 4. LV Configuration: Minotaur IV.
  • USA 216 - . Payload: SBSS. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Ball. Class: Surveillance. Type: Orbital object surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: BCP-2000. USAF Sat Cat: 37168 . COSPAR: 2010-048A. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi). Perigee: 632 km (392 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.40 min. Summary: First Space-Based Surveillance Satellite; designed to track satellites and orbital junk from a space-based vantage point..

2011 September 30 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC4. LV Family: Agni. Launch Vehicle: Agni 2.
  • Agni RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi). Summary: Test mission over Bay of Bengal..

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