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1932 Chronology

1932 January 3 - .
  • Birth of Anatoli Petrovich Kuklin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kuklin. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1963-1975. Left cosmonaut corps for medical reasons (heart problems) in July 1975 . Worked on the General Staff of the Soviet Air Force until retirement in 1987..

1932 February 7 - .
  • Birth of Alfred Merrill Worden - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Worden. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 15..

1932 February 19 - .
  • Birth of Dr Joseph Peter Kerwin - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kerwin. American physician astronaut. Flew on Skylab 2. Member of first successful space station mission..

March 1932 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Mirak.
  • Mirak III rocket completed. - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi). It would reach an altitude of 4000 m in subsequent tests..

1932 March 15 - .
  • Birth of Alan LaVerne 'Al' Bean - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bean. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 12, Skylab 3. Fourth person to walk on the moon..

1932 March 16 - .
  • Birth of Ronnie Walter 'Walt' Cunningham - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cunningham. American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 7..

1932 March 24 - .
1932 March 24 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Anatolyevich Ponomaryov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ponomaryov. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1972-1983. Was married to astronaut Valentina Ponomaryova..

1932 April 4 - .
  • Birth of Dr Vladimir Aleksandrovich Degtyarov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Degtyarev. Russian physician cosmonaut, 1965-1966..

1932 April 11 - .
  • Birth of Francis Gregory Neubeck - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Neubeck. American pilot astronaut, 1965-1969..

1932 April 15 - .
  • Birth of Nikolai Stepanovich Porvatkin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Porvatkin. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1967-1983. Graduated from Technical Air Force School, 1952. Graduated from Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy, Monino, 1960. Cosmonaut training May 1967 - 18 August 1967. Worked at NPO Energia..

1932 April 19 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 4.
  • Goddard tests rocket with gyro stabilization. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 0.0410 km (0.0255 mi). Flight of Goddard liquid fuel rocket with pressure generated by liquid nitrogen, and eight gyro-controlled vanes (four into blast and four into slipstream) for stabilisation. Length 10 ft 9.5 in.; weight empty 19.5 lb; height 135 ft; in air 5 sec..

1932 April 22 - .
  • Birth of Dr John Anthony 'Tony' Llewellyn - . Nation: UK, USA. Related Persons: Llewellyn. British-American pilot astronaut, 1967-1968..

1932 April 29 - .
  • Birth of Dmitri Alekseyevich Zaikin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Zaikin. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1969..

1932 May 1 - .
  • Tsiolkovskiy's last radio speech - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tsiolkovskiy. He predicted that, using multistage boosters, the first space flights would take place within 20 to 30 years..

June 1932 - . Launch Vehicle: V-1.
  • V-1 engine concept patented. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Schmidt, Paul.

    German engineer, Paul Schmidt, working from design of Lorin tube, developed and patented a ramjet engine later modified and used in the V-1 Flying Bomb. The concept of the world's first jet-powered cruise missile was originated by Flight Staff Engineer Bree. The pulse engine was based on a French patent dating to the 1890's. The engine, which operated by creating 500 fuel-air explosions per minute, was designed for a specific operational altitude. The guidance system consisted of propellor in the nose. When this had turned a preset number of times (corresponding to the desired range to the target), the counter pushed the missile's rudder hard over, resulting on a dive to the ground. A V-1 could be produced for one tenth of the cost of a V-2.

1932 June - .
  • Goddard work ended at Roswell. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Because of the depression, Guggenheim financial support of Goddard's rocket experiments in Roswell ends. From 1930 to 1932 Goddard's team accomplished 21 providing stand tests, and 8 attempted flight tests, of which 5 achieved flight..

1932 June 2 - .
  • Birth of Yaroslav Kirillovich Golovanov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Golovanov. Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1965-1967..

1932 June 6 - .
  • Birth of David Randolph 'Dave' Scott - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Scott. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 8, Apollo 9, Apollo 15. Seventh person to walk on the moon. First to drive a lunar wheeled vehicle. Member of first crew to dock in space..

1932 June 15 - .
  • Birth of Einar K Enevoldson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Enevoldson. American test pilot. Flew the X-24B..

July 1931 - . Launch Site: Kummersdorf. Launch Complex: Kummersdorf. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Dornberger put in charge of Kummersdorf. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Dornberger. The German Army Ordnance Office formalized its rocket develoment program by placing Captain-Doctor Walter Dornberger in charge of Research Station West at Kummersdorf..

1932 July 25 - .
  • Birth of Paul Joseph Weitz - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Weitz. American pilot astronaut. Flew on Skylab 2, STS-6. Member of first successful space station mission..

August 1932 - . Launch Site: Kummersdorf. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Mirak.
  • Nebel demonstrates VfR liquid rocket to the German Army. - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 0.0700 km (0.0435 mi).

    Nebel contacted the German Army and proposed the use of liquid fuel rockets as war missiles. He arranged for Army representatives to observe a demonstration launch at Kummersdorf. Riedel and Von Braun prepare the rocket, which was 3.5 m long and 10 cm in diameter, had a gross lift-off mass of 20 kg, an empty mass of 10 kg, and a thrust of 60 kgf. The new design featured the engine forward of the stack, followed by the liquid oxygen tank, then the alcohol tank, then the manometers and other elements of propellant pressurisation. The new-design engine was developed by Walter Riedel and Arthur Rudolph at the Heylandt Company. The rocket reached an altitude of 20 to 70 m before veering horizontally into a forest. An exhaust velocity of 2000 m/s was expected, but only 1700 m/s was demonstrated.. The Army is seemingly unimpressed. However a month later they hire Von Braun, who drops out of sight.

1932 August 21 - .
  • Birth of George Washington Sherman Abbey - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Abbey. American engineer, headed NASA space shuttle operations and astronaut selection 1976-2003; focus of tremendous staff demoralization. For some reason beloved by upper management, surviving both Challenger and Columbia disasters..

1932 August 22 - .
  • Birth of Gerald Paul 'Gerry' Carr - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Carr. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Skylab 4. US Marine Corps.

1932 August 25 - .
  • Birth of Anatoli Yakovlevich Kartashov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kartashov. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961..

1932 August 26 - .
  • Birth of Joe Henry Engle - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Engle. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on X-15 Flight 138, X-15 Flight 143, X-15 Flight 153, STS-2, STS-51-I..

1932 August 27 - .
  • Birth of Mikhail Nikolayevich Burdayev - . Nation: Russia, Ukraine. Related Persons: Burdayev. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1967-1983. Graduated from Air Force Engineering Academy, doctorate degree, 1987. Cosmonaut training from May 1967 - 18 August 1969. Worked as trainer at the Gagarin Center. Professor in space ballistics from 1994..

1932 September - .
  • Goddard continues rocket research in Worcester - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. A grant from the Smithsonian Institution enabled Dr. Goddard, who resumed full-time teaching at Clark University, Massachusetts, to carry out tests that did not require flights. .

1932 September 18 - .
  • Birth of Nikolai Nikolayevich Rukavishnikov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Rukavishnikov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 10, Soyuz 16, Salyut 6 EP-5-1..

1932 September 26 - .
  • Birth of Clifton Curtis 'CC' Williams - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Williams, Clifton. American test pilot astronaut, 1963-1967. US Marine Corps.

October 1932 - . Launch Site: Kummersdorf. Launch Complex: Kummersdorf. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Von Braun joins German Army missile program. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: von Braun.

    Wernher von Braun joined the German Army Ordnance Office rocket program at Kummersdorf. He is working on a 300 kgf thrust liquid propellant engine, which has been tested with an exhaust velocity of 1700 m/s, but it is believed can be tuned up to as much as 1900 m/s. This is to power the A1 rocket, which is to have the same tractor configuration as the 20 kg test rocket launched in August 1932. The main issue is how to solve the problem of keeping the rocket stabilised in flight, as the August test demonstrated. The A1 is to be 1.4 m long x 30 cm in diameter, a 150 kg gross takeoff weight, and 40 kg of propellant., allowing a 16.5 second burn time.

1932 October 6 - . Launch Site: Pillau. LV Family: HW-1. Launch Vehicle: HW-2.
  • HW-2 - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Winkler. Apogee: 0.0030 km (0.0019 mi).

    Following an aborted attempt on 29 September, Winkler launches his HW-2 rocket from Pillau on the Baltic. He had worked for months at the Raketenflugplatz developing the new device. However on launch day an explosive propellant mix developed in the internal compartments of the rocket, and after igniting and rising only 3 m, it was blown to smithereens.

1932 October 12 - .
  • Birth of Edwin Jacob 'Jake' Garn - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Garn. American senator payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D..

1932 October 25 - .
  • Birth of Dr Lev Nikolayevich Smirenny - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Smirenny. Russian physician cosmonaut, 1972-1986. Medical Doctor. Graduated from Moscow Physical-Engineering Institute, 1956. Civilian Physician, Institute of Biological Medical Problems. Chief of a laboratory at IMBP..

Fall 1932 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Mirak.
  • Private rocket development in Germany winds down - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Riedel, Klaus.

    As the influence of Nazism in German Society increases, the VfR disintegrates in political disputes and withdrawal of funding by its wealthiest backers. In this period it occurs to Riedel that alcohol may prove a better fuel than gasoline - primarily because as a fuel it needs much less of the expensive and difficult-to-handle cryogenic liquid oxygen. Experiments determine that 60% alcohol to water is the best fuel mixture, and for the first time use the fuel to cool the combustion chamber before leading it into the chamber - regenerative cooling.

1932 November 8 - .
  • Birth of Richard Earl Lawyer - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lawyer. American pilot astronaut, 1965-1969..

1932 November 12 - . Launch Vehicle: ARS.
  • AIS tests rocket motor. - . Nation: USA. American Interplanetary Society performed static tests of rocket based on VfR design at Stockton, New Jersey. The motor produced 27 kgf of thrust for 20-30 seconds. It was damaged in the test and not subsequently flown..

1932 December 1 - .
  • Birth of Robert Tralles Herres - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Herres. American pilot astronaut, 1967-1969..

1932 December 18 - . Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Magdeburg Project - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Nebel.

    Mengering, an engineer working for the city of Magdeburg, is entranced by the theories of Peter Bender, who proposes that the people of the earth are in fact living on the inside surface of a hollow sphere. He believes that this can be proven. A rocket fired vertically from Magdeburg should impact south of New Zealand. Mengering convinces the city authorities to fund experiments leading to this objective. Nebel, now a member of the Nazi Party, obtains a contract of 25,000 Marks for the first step. He will build a rocket that will carry a man to an altitude of one kilometre, from where the pilot will bail out and return to earth by parachute. The rocket is to be fired on 11 June 1933 in a huge event publicizing the city. The Pilot Rocket would be in the form of the VfR Repulsors, with the passenger in a bullet-shaped fairing over the engine compartment, and the propellants being stored in two long cylindrical tanks trailing the engine. It was to be 7.6 m tall and powered by an engine of 600 kgf. A prototype was to be built first, 4.6 m tall, powered by a 200 kgf motor. This would not be capable of carrying a pilot, but would have a parachute for recovery.

1932 December 21 - . Launch Site: Kummersdorf. Launch Complex: Kummersdorf. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Rocket test stand explosion at Kummersdorf. - . Nation: Germany. No one was injured and more stringent safety precautions were taken in the future..

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