Born: 1913-06-02. Died: 2009-04-14.
Bogomolov supervised development of telemetry, communications, and guidance systems for many Soviet missiles, launch vehicles, and satellites.
Bogomolov graduated in 1937 from the Moscow Energetics Institute. A brilliant student, he stayed there after graduation and in 1954 was made head of a design bureau within the institute for development of rocket electronics systems. He was made a full professor of the institute in 1958. Among his many accomplishments were development of the radio system for the Molniya-1 satellite and its Orbita ground segment.
Obituary: The management and the staff of the S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia extend their sincere condolences to the work team of FGUP OKB MEI (Special Design Bureau at Moscow Power Engineering Institute), to relatives and friends on the death of the Hero of Socialist Labor, the winner of Lenin and State Prizes of the USSR, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the USSR, full member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Doctor of Engineering, one of the founders and directors of OKB MEI, Alexei Fedorovich Bogomolov. A.F. Bogomolov was an active participant in the Great Patriotic War, served as a platoon commander, then as a radar engineer for air-defense units on the Leningrad Front. He was awarded the order of the Red Banner and medals "For Defense of Leningrad", "For the Victory over Germany". Bogomolov's contribution to the development of the Russian space science is enormous. He was a member of the Council of Chief Designers headed by S.P. Korolev who held him in high regard and confidence. An outstanding manager and scientist in the field of radio telemetry, trajectory measurements, phase location finding and antenna systems, A.F. Bogomolov was the head of OKB MEI for 35 years, who in a few years turned it into a powerful research and design organization, which, for decades, has been effectively cooperating with S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia in developing the rocket and space hardware and manned space flight. Under his leadership the team of OKB MEI developed the radio telemetry and measurement equipment that supported the development and testing of the early ballistic and intercontinental missiles, the launch of the first artificial Earth satellites, conducting scientific experiments in space. At the suggestion of A.F. Bogomolov, the manned spacecraft had video transmission equipment installed in them in order to monitor the cosmonauts' condition. The flights of all the cosmonauts, from Gagarin to Leonov and Belyaev, were supported by TV, telemetry and trajectory measurement equipment developed at OKB MEI. Under his direction an information and measurement system for the "Cosmos"-series satellites was developed, there have been more than 2000 successful launches using this equipment, work has been done to provide TV broadcasting signal across the country, antennas were built with 32- and, later on, with 64-meter reflectors to support communications with interplanetary robotic spacecraft launched to the planets of the Solar System. Radio-telescopes were built that have full-revolving reflectors 64 meters in diameter and state of the art transmitting and receiving equipment, data processing and presentation devices, computer center, internal and international communication links. Built on their basis was a data receiving station that provided reception of scientific data from robotic interplanetary spacecraft "Venera-15", "Venera-16", "Vega", "Phobos" and other. In-depth studies of problems involved in radar mapping were conducted. Using a specially developed space radar installed on "Venera-15" and "Venera-16" spacecraft, the northern hemisphere of Venus was mapped and an atlas of its surface was published. For distinguished service to the Fatherland and an outstanding contribution to space studies Alexei Bogomolov was awarded the title of the Hero of Socialist Labor, 3 orders of Lenin, A.S. Popov Gold Medal from the USSR Academy of Sciences, Lenin and State Prizes of the USSR. Alexei Fedorovich Bogomolov will forever remain in our memory as an outstanding personality, a prominent scientist and an organizer of scientific research, an associate of S.P. Korolev and one of our country's leading specialists in the field of command and measuring systems, who made a significant contribution to the study of space.
Keldysh, Korolev, Sokolov, Glushko, Bogomolov hear testimony from Kosberg on the causes of the RO-7 engine failure on the 22 December 1960 launch, that resulted in the suborbital flight of the Vostok capsule with a landing in Tura. The causes are not completely understood, but the bottom line is that a fuel line must have leaked. Further testimony is offered on the booster trajectory, landing time at various points along the trajectory, tracking station readiness, communications lessons, and recovery efforts. The communications are clearly unreliable. The radius of the HF radio is 5000 km, and 1500 km for UHF. TsP Moscow and PU Tyuratam, plus Novosibirsk, Kolpachev, Khabarovsk, and Yelizov (Kamchatka) all have HF and UHF transceivers. But due to practical reception problems, only UHF communications were available at Tyuratam, Kolpachev, and Yelizov, and only HF at Novosibirsk and Khabarovsk. It is recommended that each IP tracking station should have a Chief Communications Officer, a cosmonaut to act as capsule communicator, a physician, and a representative from the Ministry of Communications to assure action on problems.
Kamanin is disgusted. The countdown for Voskhod was planned out for 146 hours; now Bogomolov reveals that this is 40 hours too little for all tasks. Korolev suddenly announced on 29 September that he planned to launch the next two Voskhod spacecraft in November, although everyone knows this cannot be possible until March-April 1965 at the earliest. Kamanin cannot understand this constant unrealistic, unprofessional planning.
Kamanin and Korolev return to the cosmodrome. Korolev is furious with Bogomolov over the continuing Tral problems and with Bogomolov's outspokenness. Meanwhile the problem of what to do if the airlock loses pressure is discussed. No good solution is found; in such a case the cosmonaut would be unable to enter the capsule. Finally the problem of which tracking station will issue the signal for opening and closing the airlock is discussed. IP-7 at Klyuchi and IP-6 at Yelizovo are both possibilities. Korolev would like both to be able to do so, in order to have a backup. It occurs to Kamanin that these kinds of problems could easily be handled if the first Voskhod-2 had a crew aboard. As spacecraft become increasingly complex, it will eventually be necessary to fly space missions with crews aboard that are not publicly announced. He foresees a need for many such 'black' flights in the future to prove out new systems, to complete military operations, and to train crews.
In the evening all problems are finally solved and the Voskhod spacecraft declared ready for flight.
A meeting is held on the DOS project. The Central Committee and Soviet Ministers have directed that two DOS space stations be completed by the end of 1970. TsNIIMASH thinks this is impossible - the task can be accomplished in no less than 18 to 24 months. Mishin insists it can be done in ten months, as directed. Kamanin believes he won't even have it ready by the second half of 1971. It took five to seven years to just bring the Almaz, Soyuz VI, and L1 to flight status. This DOS will stop work on all other projects. Mishin still wants to fly two Soyuz spacecraft to test Bogomolov's Kontakt docking system for the L3.
The training plan for DOS#1 is reviewed. The station is to be launched by February 1971. Soyuz 10 and Soyuz 11 will dock with it and crew the station for two to three months, according to Mishin's plan. This however will slow down flight test of Bogomolov's Kontakt docking system for the L3. This was to have been ready by January 1970, but it is still not ready for flight. On the other hand, the completion of the DOS station within four to five months is not possible. There are currently 12 cosmonauts in training for DOS, and ten for Soyuz flights. Popovich heads a group of 22 cosmonauts training for Almaz; and Bykovsky heads a group on lunar issues. The new trainers and simulators are on schedule; the existing ones are being heavily used.