Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
Nike Deacon
Part of Deacon Family
American test vehicle. Two-stage rocket using surplus Nike boosters and Deacon sounding rocket upper stage. The combination was much cheaper than Aerobee, and unlike Rockoon could be launched from fixed launchers in two and a half hours. It was used for 'falling sphere' air density studies, atmospheric soundings, and for heat transfer studies launched from NACA Wallops Island.

Status: Retired 1957. First Launch: 1953-11-19. Last Launch: 1957-09-18. Number: 18 . Payload: 23 kg (50 lb). Thrust: 217.00 kN (48,783 lbf). Gross mass: 710 kg (1,560 lb). Height: 7.74 m (25.39 ft). Diameter: 0.42 m (1.37 ft). Span: 1.59 m (5.21 ft). Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

From NASA SOUNDING ROCKETS, 1958-1968 - A Historical Summary, NASA SP-4401, 1971, by William R. Corliss

When the Deacon and Cajun rockets were combined with the solid-propellant booster of the Nike I guided missile, two very capable sounding rockets evolved: the Nike-Deacon (called DAN for Deacon and Nike) and Nike-Cajun (CAN). DAN could take a 23-kg (50-lb) payload to 111 km (69 mi), while the higher performance CAN could carry the same payload to 167 km (104 mi).

The original mating of the Nike and Deacon was carried out by NACA PARD personnel in 1953 as an in-house project with later financial support from the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories (AFCRL). The objective of the NACA work was again the acceleration of model rockets and aircraft to high Mach numbers. The first of these firings took place on November 19, 1953, at Wallops Island. The Nike-Deacon began its sounding rocket career in 1954 at a meeting of the Upper Atmosphere Rocket Research Panel. Panel Chairman James A. Van Allen asked the NASA representative, William J. O'Sullivan, from Langley Research Center, if one of the PARD vehicles might not be less expensive and more easily launched than the Aerobee. O'Sullivan recommended the Nike-Deacon. Subsequently the Aeronautical Engineering Department of the University of Michigan, which was developing upper atmosphere instrumentation for AFCRL, was funded by AFCRL to convert the PARD Nike-Deacon into a sounding rocket. The new rocket was launched from Wallops Island for the first time on April 8,1955. The Nike-Deacons and Nike-Cajuns were cheap and reliable, the basic rocket motors having been developed and well tested during their military and NACA careers. Further, they were simple and easy to use - scientists could take them wherever targets of opportunity existed.


More at: Nike Deacon.

Family: test vehicle. Country: USA. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, San Nicolas. Stages: X-220, M5E1. Agency: NASA Langley.

1953 November 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • F40 Hypersonic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). First launching of a Nike-Deacon two-stage rocket for heat transfer studies at NACA Wallops Island..

1954? - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 April 8 - . 15:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • DAN-1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1955 June 24 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • DAN-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). First Nike-Deacon sounding rocket launched at Wallops Island in cooperative USAF-NACA program of upper air density measurements..

1955 September 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • Hemi-Cyl re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 July 2 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • NRL NN7.37F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1957 July 3 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • NRL NN7.38F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1957 July 15 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • NRL NN7.39F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi).

1957 July 23 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • NRL NN7.40F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1957 August 5 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • NRL NN7.41F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1957 August 20 - . 09:49 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • NRL NN7.42F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1957 August 27 - . 08:54 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • NRL NN7.43F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1957 August 28 - . 13:21 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • NRL NN7.44F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1957 August 29 - . 14:12 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • NRL NN7.45F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1957 September 12 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • NRL NN7.46F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1957 September 15 - . 13:27 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • NRL NN7.47F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1957 September 18 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar X-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1957 September 18 - . 18:54 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar X-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).


Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
© 1997-2017 Mark Wade - Contact
© / Conditions for Use