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Nike Improved Orion
Part of Hawk Family
American sounding rocket.

AKA: Nike Orion Improved. Status: Active. First Launch: 1992-08-18. Last Launch: 2012-11-25. Number: 26 . Gross mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Height: 9.00 m (29.50 ft). Diameter: 0.42 m (1.37 ft). Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

2 stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike + 1 x Improved Orion.



Country: USA. Launch Sites: Kiruna, Kiruna MRL. Stages: Orion engine, M5E1. Agency: Raytheon.

1992 August 18 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Testflug test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1993 November 29 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1994 May 3 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 2 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1995 April 29 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 4 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1995 May 2 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 3 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1998 January 26 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC MERMAID Microgravity / education mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1998 February 11 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1998 March 3 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC NLTE-1 Atomic 2A Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1998 March 6 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC NLTE-2 Atomic 2B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1998 December 3 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

2003 November 28 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ICI-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

2005 January 20 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
2006 September 9 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 1 Meteors / dust mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: ARR, DLR. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2006 September 17 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 2 Meteors / dust mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: ARR, DLR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

2007 August 3 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 3 Meteors / dust mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR, DLR. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

2008 June 30 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
2008 July 7 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
2008 July 12 - . 10:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
2008 October 22 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 4 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

2009 May 22 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • MAPHEUS - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Micrograv.

2010 October 27 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mapheus-2 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi). Microgravity payload..

2010 December 4 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 7 - . Nation: Germany, Norway. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Meteor dust payload..

2010 December 13 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 8 - . Nation: Germany, Norway. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi). Meteor dust payload..

2010 December 19 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 9 - . Nation: Germany, Norway. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Meteor dust payload..

2011 July 21 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: KirunA MRL. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC PHOCUS - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

2012 November 25 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • MAPHEUS-3 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi). Microgravity experiments..


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