AKA: Atlantis. Launched: 1991-04-05. Returned: 1991-04-11. Number crew: 5 . Duration: 5.98 days.
Payloads: Gamma-Ray Observatory (GRO), Crew/ Equipment Translation Aids (part of Extravehicular Activity Development Flight Experiment), Ascent Particle Monitor (APM), Bioserve Instrumentation Technology Associates Materials Dispersion Apparatus (BIMDA), Protein Crystal Growth (PCG)-Block Il, Space Station Heat pipe Advanced Radiator Element (SHARE)-II, Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX)-II, Radiation Monitoring Equipment (RME)-III, Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS) Calibration Test.
Orbits of Earth: 93. Distance traveled: 3,952,972 km. Orbiter Liftoff Mass: 115,652 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 86,657 kg. Payload to Orbit: 16,611 kg. Payload Returned: 1,033 kg. Landed at: Runway 33 dry lake bed at Edwards Air Force Base, . Landing Speed: 348 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 192 m. Landing Rollout: 2,011 m. EVA: Jerry L. Ross and Jerome Apt: EVA No. 1 duration, 4 hours, 38 minutes; EVA No. 2 duration, 6 hours, 11 minutes. EVA No. 1 was an unscheduled EVA to manually deploy the Gamma-Ray Observatory's high-gain antenna, which failed to deploy upon ground command. Following the successful deploy of the antenna, the astronauts spent the remainder of the EVA on Extravehicular Activity Development Flight Experiment activities.
NASA Official Mission Narrative
Mission Name: STS-37 (39)
Pad 39-B (17)
39th Shuttle mission
8th Flight OV-104
Steven R. Nagel (3), Commander
Kenneth D. Cameron (1), Pilot
Jerry L. Ross (3), Mission Specialist 1
Jay Apt (1), Mission Specialist 2
Linda M. Godwin (1), Mission Specialist 3
OPF - Nov. 20, 1990
VAB - March 8,1991
PAD - March 15,1991
April 5, 1991, 9:22:44 a.m. EST. Launch set for 9:18 a.m., April 5th. Was briefly delayed due to low-level clouds in area. Launch Weight: 255,824 lbs.
Inclination: 28.45 degrees
Duration: 5 days, 23 hours, 32 minutes, 44 seconds.
Distance: 2,456,263 miles
ET : 37/LWT-30
MLP : 1
April 11, 1991, 6:55:29 a.m. PDT, Runway 33, Edwards AFB, Calif. Rollout distance: 6,364 feet. Rollout time: 56 seconds. Landing originally scheduled for April 10, but delayed one day due to weather conditions at Edwards and KSC. Orbiter returned to KSC April 18,1991. Landing Weight: 190,098 lbs.
Primary payload, Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO), deployed on flight day three. GRO high-gain antenna failed to deploy on command; finally freed and manually deployed by Ross and Apt during unscheduled contingency space walk, first since April 1985. Following day, two astronauts performed first scheduled space walk since November 1985 to test means for astronauts to move themselves and equipment about while maintaining planned Space Station Freedom. GRO science instruments were Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE), Imaging Compton Telescope (COMPTEL), Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope (EGRET) and Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment (OSSEE). Secondary payloads included Crew and Equipment Translation Aids (CETA), which involved scheduled six-hour space walk by astronauts Ross and Apt (see above); Ascent Particle Monitor (APM); Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment II (SAREX II); Protein Crystal Growth (PCG); Bioserve/instrumentation Technology Associates Materials Dispersion Apparatus (BIMDA); Radiation Monitoring Equipment III (RME Ill); and Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS) experiment.
Manned five crew. Unscheduled EVA to manually deploy the Gamma-Ray Observatory's high-gain antenna, which failed to deploy upon ground command. Payloads: Gamma-Ray Observatory (GRO), Crew/ Equipment Translation Aids (part of Extravehicular Activity Development Flight Experiment), Ascent Particle Monitor (APM), Bioserve Instrumentation Technology Associates Materials Dispersion Apparatus (BlMDA), Protein Crystal Growth (PCG)-Block Il, Space Station Heatpipe Advanced Radiator Element (SHARE)-ll, Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX)-ll, Radiation Monitoring Equipment (RME)-lIl, Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS) Calibration Test.
"10,000 Men of Harvard Want Victory Today" sung by Harvard Glee Club, in honor of Jay Apt, a Harvard graduate. About five minutes after the wake up call, Apt played a recorded Scottish tune from Atlantis in honor of the highest and fastest Highlanders, Ross and Cameron.