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Part of STS
Credit: NASA
Deployed Defense Support Program satellite.

AKA: Atlantis. Launched: 1991-11-25. Returned: 1991-12-02. Number crew: 6 . Duration: 6.95 days.

Payloads: Defense Support Program satellite/ Inertial Upper Stage, Interim Operational Contamination Monitor, Terra Scout, Military Man in Space, Shuttle Activation Monitor, Cosmic Radiation Effects and Activation Monitor, Radiation Monitoring Equipment Ill, Air Force Maui Optical Site Calibration Test, Ultraviolet Plume Instrument, Visual Function Tester 1.

Orbits of Earth: 109. Distance traveled: 4,651,111 km. Orbiter Liftoff Mass: 117,765 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 87,915 kg. Payload to Orbit: 20,242 kg. Payload Returned: 3,179 kg. Landed at: Runway 05 dry lake bed at Edwards Air Force Base, . Landing Speed: 339 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 794 m. Landing Rollout: 3,411 m.

NASA Official Mission Narrative

Mission Name: STS-44 (44)
Atlantis (10)
Pad 39-A (43)
44th Shuttle mission
10th flight OV-104
Shortened mission
Diverted landing

Frederick D. Gregory (3), Commander
Terence T. Henricks (1), Pilot
F. Story Musgrave (4), Mission Specialist
Mario Runco, Jr. (1), Mission Specialist
James S. Voss (1), Mission Specialist
Thomas J. Hennen (1), Payload Specialist

OPF - Aug. 12,1991
VAB - Oct. 18, 1991
PAD - Oct. 23,1991

Mission Objectives:

November 24, 1991, 6:44:00 p.m. EST. Launch set for Nov. 19 delayed due to malfunctioning redundant inertial measurement unit on inertial Upper Stage booster attached to Defense Support Program satellite. Unit replaced and tested. Launch reset for Nov. 24, delayed 13 minutes to allow an orbiting spacecraft to pass and to allow external tank liquid oxygen replenishment after minor repairs to valve in the liquid oxygen replenishment system in the mobile launcher platform. Launch Weight: 259,629 lbs.
Altitude: 197nm
Inclination: 28.5 degrees
Orbits: 110
Duration: 6 days, 22 hours, 50 minutes, 44 seconds.
Distance: 2,890,067 miles

SRB: BI-047
SRM: 360L/W019
ET : 53/LWT-46
MLP : 1
SSME-1: SN-2015
SSME-2: SN-2030
SSME-3: SN-2029

December 1, 1991, 2:34:12 p.m. PST, Runway 5. Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. Rollout distance: 11,191 feet. Rollout time: 107 seconds. Landing originally scheduled for KSC on Dec. 4, but ten-day mission shortened and landing rescheduled following Nov. 30 on-orbit failure of one of three orbiter inertial measurement units. Lengthy rollout due to minimal braking for test. Orbiter returned to KSC on Dec. 8. Landing Weight: 193,825 lbs.

Mission Highlights:
Dedicated Department of Defense mission. Unclassified payload included Defense Support Program (DSP) satellite and attached Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), deployed on flight day one. Cargo bay and middeck payloads: Interim Operational Contamination Monitor(IOCM); Terra Scout; Military Man in Space (M88-1); Air Force Maui Optical System (AMOS); Cosmic Radiation Effects and Activation Monitor (CREAM); Shuttle Activation Monitor (SAM); Radiation Monitoring Equipment III (RME III); Visual Function Tester-1 (VFT-1); Ultraviolet Plume Instrument (UVPI). Bioreactor Flow and Particle Trajectory experiment; and Extended Duration Orbiter Medical Project, a series of investigations in support of Extended Duration Orbiter.

More at: STS-44.

Family: Manned spaceflight. People: Gregory, Hennen, Henricks, Musgrave, Runco, Voss. Country: USA. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Projects: STS. Launch Sites: Cape Canaveral. Agency: NASA, NASA Houston.

1991 November 24 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
1991 November 25 - .
1991 November 26 - .
1991 November 28 - .
1991 November 29 - .
1991 November 30 - .
1991 December 1 - .
1991 December 2 - .

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