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Astronaut John Creighton poses with onboard GRID computer
Credit: NASA

First Saudi astronaut. Deployed and retrieved Spartan 1; launched Morelos 1, Arabsat 1B, Telstar 3D. Experienced blow-by and erosion in both nozzle joints.

AKA: Discovery. Launched: 1985-06-17. Returned: 1985-06-24. Number crew: 7 . Duration: 7.07 days.

Deployed and retrieved Spartan 1; launched Morelos 1, Arabsat 1B, Telstar 3D.Payloads: Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy (SPARTAN)-1; Automated Directional Solidification Furnace (ADSF); High Precision Tracking Experiment (HPTE); Orbiter Experiments (OEX); French Echocardiograph Experiment (FEE) and French Pocket Experiment (FPE).

Orbits of Earth: 111. Distance traveled: 4,693,051 km. Orbiter Liftoff Mass: 116,310 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 92,607 kg. Payload to Orbit: 20,174 kg. Payload Returned: 9,818 kg. Landed at: Runway 23 dry lake bed at Edwards Air Force Base, . Landing Speed: 366 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 340 m. Landing Rollout: 2,265 m.

NASA Official Mission Narrative

Mission Name: 51-G (18)
Pad 39-A (30)
18th Shuttle mission
5th Flight OV-103

Daniel C. Brandenstein (2), Commander
John O. Creighton (1), Pilot
Shannon W. Lucid (1), Mission Specialist 1
John M. Fabian (2), Mission Specialist 2
Steven R. Nagel (1), Mission Specialist 3
Patrick Baudry (1), Payload Specialist 1
Sultan Salman Al-Saud (1), Payload Specialist 2

OPF - April 19, 1985
VAB - May 29, 1985
PAD - June 4,1985

Mission Objectives:

Jun. 17,1985,7:33:00 a.m, EDT. Launch proceeded as scheduled with no delays. Launch Weight: 256,524 lbs.
Altitude: 209nm
Inclination: 28.45 degrees
Orbits: 112
Duration: Seven days, one hour, 38 minutes, 52 seconds.
Distance: 2,916,127 miles

SRB: BI-019
SRM: M018(HPM)
ET : 20/LWT-13
MLP : 1
SSME-1: SN-2109
SSME-2: SN-2018
SSME-3: SN-2012

June 24, 1985, 6:11:52 a.m. PDT, Runway 23, Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. Rollout distance: 7,433 feet. Rollout time: 42 seconds. Orbiter returned to KSC June 28, 1985. Landing Weight: 204,169 lbs

Mission Highlights:
Three communications satellites, all attached to Payload Assist Module-D (PAM-D) motors, were deployed: MORE LOS-A, for Mexico; ARABSAT-A, for Arab Satellite Communications Organization; and TELSTAR-3D, for AT&T. Also flown: deployable/retrievable Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy (SPARTAN-1); six Get Away Special canisters; Strategic Defense Initiative experiment called the High Precision Tracking Experiment (HPTE); a materials processing furnace called Automated Directional Solidification Furnace (ADSF); and two French biomedical experiments.

More at: STS-51-G.

Family: Manned spaceflight. People: Al-Saud, Baudry, Brandenstein, Creighton, Fabian, Lucid, Nagel. Country: USA. Spacecraft: Discovery. Projects: STS. Launch Sites: Cape Canaveral. Agency: NASA, NASA Houston. Bibliography: 4457.
Photo Gallery

Credit: www.spacefacts.de

Spartan 1 satellite moves away from orbiter over ocean
Credit: NASA

Arabsat communications satellite deploying from Discovery's payload bay
Credit: NASA

Astronaut Shannon Lucid monitors payload bay activities
Credit: NASA

Payload specialists Baudry and Al-Saud conduct Postural experiment
Credit: NASA

Wadi Habawnah, Saudi Arabia
Credit: NASA

1985 June 17 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
1985 June 18 - .
1985 June 21 - .
1985 June 22 - .
1985 June 23 - .
1985 June 24 - .
1985 June 24 - .

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