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Strekalov, Gennadi Mikhailovich
Strekalov
Strekalov
Credit: www.spacefacts.de
Russian engineer cosmonaut 1973-1995. Survived first manned launch pad abort. Flew in space six times.

Status: Deceased; Active 1973-1995. Born: 1940-10-28. Died: 2004-12-25. Spaceflights: 6 . Total time in space: 268.94 days. Birth Place: Mytishohi Moscow.

Educated Bauman. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB. Died of cancer.

Official NASA Biography as of June 2016:NAME AND SUR Gennady Mikhailovich Strekalov
Instructor-Test-Cosmonaut and Department Head at RSC Energia.
Resides in Kaliningrad, Moscow Region.

PLACE AND DATE OF BIRTH: 26 October 1940, Mytishohi Moscow region, Russia.

PARENTS: Mikhail Ivanovich Strekalov, Father, perished at the front in 1945. Praskovya Mikhailovna Strekalova (nee Amosova), Mother, resides in Kaliningrad, Moscow Region.

EDUCATION: Graduated from N.E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1965 with an engineer's diploma.

FAMILY STATUS: Married to Lydia Anatolievna Strekalova (nee Telezhldna). Their daughter, Tatiana, was born in 1974; their daughter, Natalia, in 1975.

HONORS: Awarded three Orders of Lenin, two Gold Star medals, and the Order of People's Friendship.

WORK EXPERIENCE: G. M. Strekalov has worked as an engineer at RSC Energia since graduation from the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School. He was involved in experimental investigations and testing of space technology. He holds the degree of candidate of technical sciences. He independently developed and released documentation for a series of enterprise-related products. As part of an operations group, he participated in mission control for flights of scientific research vehicles belonging to the Academy of Sciences. In January 1974, he began training as a crew member for a mission aboard the Soyuz spacecraft as a flight engineer and, in 1976, was part of the backup crew of the Soyuz of the Soyuz-22 mission.

Starting October 1978, he underwent flight training to be the flight engineer for a Soyuz expedition to visit the long-term Salyut space station. From 27 November to l0 December 1980, he successfully completed an experimental mission aboard the Soyuz-T-3 spacecraft as a research engineer as part of the crew comprised of L. D. Kizim, O. G. Malcarov, and G. M. Strekalov. During the flight, a docking of the Soyuz-T-3 spacecraft with the Salyut-6-Process-11 orbital complex was accomplished.

From June 1981 to April 1983, he underwent direct flight training to be the flight engineer of the primary expedition for a mission aboard the Soyuz-T spacecraft and the long-term Salyut-7 orbiting station. In the period from 20 - 22 April 1983, he flew aboard the Soyuz T-8 spacecraft as part of a crew comprised of V. G. Titov, G. M. Strekalov, and A. A Screbrov.

From 3 to 11 April 1984, he participated in a third space mission aboard the Salyut-7 orbital scientific-research complex as part of an international Soviet-Indian crew comprised of Yu. V. Malishev, G. M. Strekalov, and R. Sharma, of India.

In the period from 1 August to 10 December 1990, he completed a fourth space fight as flight engineer of the seventh primary expedition to the Soyuz-TM-10 station and the Mir orbital scientific-research complex as part of a crew comprised of G. M. Manakov and G. M. Strekalov.

At the completion of the fourth flight, G. M. Strekalov accumulated 153 days in space.

At present, he is undergoing flight training to be the flight engineer for a primary crew of a Russian-American space flight.

Official NASA Biography - 1997

NAME AND SURNAME: Gennady Mikhailovich Strekalov
Instructor-Test-Cosmonaut and Department Head at RSC Energia. Resides in Kaliningrad, Moscow Region.

PLACE AND DATE OF BIRTH:
26 October 1940, Mytishohi Moscow region, Russia.

PARENTS:
Mikhail Ivanovich Strekalov, Father, perished at the front in 1945. Praskovya Mikhailovna Strekalova (nee Amosova), Mother, resides in Kaliningrad, Moscow Region.

EDUCATION:
Graduated from N.E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1965 with an engineer's diploma.

FAMILY STATUS:
Married to Lydia Anatolievna Strekalova (nee Telezhldna). Their daughter, Tatiana, was born in 1974; their daughter, Natalia, in 1975.

HONORS:
Awarded three Orders of Lenin, two Gold Star medals, and the Order of People's Friendship.

WORK EXPERIENCE:
G. M. Strekalov has worked as an engineer at RSC Energia since graduation from the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School. He was involved in experimental investigations and testing of space technology. He holds the degree of candidate of technical sciences. He independently developed and released documentation for a series of enterprise-related products. As part of an operations group, he participated in mission control for flights of scientific research vehicles belonging to the Academy of Sciences. In January 1974, he began training as a crew member for a mission aboard the Soyuz spacecraft as a flight engineer and, in 1976, was part of the backup crew of the Soyuz of the Soyuz-22 mission.

Starting October 1978, he underwent flight training to be the flight engineer for a Soyuz expedition to visit the long-term Salyut space station. From 27 November to l0 December 1980, he successfully completed an experimental mission aboard the Soyuz-T-3 spacecraft as a research engineer as part of the crew comprised of L. D. Kizim, O. G. Malcarov, and G. M. Strekalov. During the flight, a docking of the Soyuz-T-3 spacecraft with the Salyut-6-Process-11 orbital complex was accomplished.

From June 1981 to April 1983, he underwent direct flight training to be the flight engineer of the primary expedition for a mission aboard the Soyuz-T spacecraft and the long-term Salyut-7 orbiting station. In the period from 20 - 22 April 1983, he flew aboard the Soyuz T-8 spacecraft as part of a crew comprised of V. G. Titov, G. M. Strekalov, and A. A Screbrov.

From 3 to 11 April 1984, he participated in a third space mission aboard the Salyut-7 orbital scientific-research complex as part of an international Soviet-Indian crew comprised of Yu. V. Malishev, G. M. Strekalov, and R. Sharma, of India.

In the period from 1 August to 10 December 1990, he completed a fourth space fight as flight engineer of the seventh primary expedition to the Soyuz-TM-10 station and the Mir orbital scientific-research complex as part of a crew comprised of G. M. Manakov and G. M. Strekalov.

At the completion of the fourth flight, G. M. Strekalov accumulated 153 days in space.

At present, he is undergoing flight training to be the flight engineer for a primary crew of a Russian-American space flight.


More at: Strekalov.

Family: Cosmonaut, Energia Engineer Group 4 - 1973. Country: Russia. Spacecraft: Salyut 6, Salyut 7, Mir. Flights: Soyuz 22, Soyuz T-3A, Soyuz T-3, Soyuz T-5, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-9, Soyuz T-10-1, Soyuz T-10, Soyuz T-11, Soyuz T-14 EO-4-c, Soyuz T-14 Salyut 7 EP-5, Soyuz TM-9, Soyuz TM-10, Soyuz TM-21, STS-71, STS-71 Mir EO-19. Projects: ASTP. Agency: Korolev bureau. Bibliography: 12, 6072.

1940 October 28 - .
  • Birth of Gennadi Mikhailovich Strekalov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Strekalov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-5, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-10-1, Salyut 7 EP-3, Mir EO-7, Mir EO-18. Survived first manned launch pad abort. Flew in space six times. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB..

1973 March 27 - .
1976 September 15 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz 22 - . Call Sign: Yastreb (Hawk ). Crew: Aksyonov, Bykovsky. Backup Crew: Malyshev, Strekalov. Support Crew: Andreyev, Popov. Payload: Soyuz ASTP s/n 74 modified with MF6 camera. Mass: 6,510 kg (14,350 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Aksyonov, Andreyev, Bykovsky, Malyshev, Popov, Strekalov. Agency: MOM. Program: ASTP. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 22. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-MF6. Duration: 7.91 days. Decay Date: 1976-09-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 9421 . COSPAR: 1976-093A. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.30 min.

    Surplus Soyuz ASTP spacecraft modified with a multi-spectral camera manufactured by Carl Zeiss-Jena in place of the universal docking apparatus. Eight days were spent photographing the earth. Tested and perfected scientific-technical methods and devices for studying the geological characteristics of the earth's surface from outer space for economic purposes.


1980 November - .
1980 November 27 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz T-3 - . Call Sign: Mayak (Beacon ). Crew: Kizim, Makarov, Strekalov. Backup Crew: Kovalyonok, Polyakov, Savinykh. Payload: Soyuz T s/n 8L. Mass: 6,850 kg (15,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kizim, Kovalyonok, Makarov, Polyakov, Savinykh, Strekalov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 12.80 days. Decay Date: 1980-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 12077 . COSPAR: 1980-094A. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.70 min.

    Manned three crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Tested the improved transport ship of the 'SOYUZ T' series; transported to the Salyut-6 orbital station a crew consisting of L D Kizim, O G Makarov and G M Strekalov to carry out repair and preventive work and scientific and technical investigation and experiments.


1980 December 10 - .
1982 May 13 - . 09:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz T-5 - . Call Sign: Elbrus (Elbrus - tallest mountain in Europe). Crew: Berezovoi, Lebedev. Backup Crew: Strekalov, Titov, Vladimir. Payload: Soyuz T s/n 11L. Mass: 6,850 kg (15,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Berezovoi, Lebedev, Strekalov, Titov, Vladimir. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-5. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 106.21 days. Decay Date: 1982-08-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 13173 . COSPAR: 1982-042A. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Carried Anatoli Berezovoi, Valentin Lebedev to Salyut 7 to conduct scientific research and experiments; returned crew of Soyuz T-7 to Earth..

1983 April 20 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
1983 April 22 - .
1983 June 27 - . 09:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz T-9 - . Call Sign: Proton (Proton ). Crew: Aleksandrov, Lyakhov. Backup Crew: Strekalov, Titov, Vladimir. Payload: Soyuz T s/n 14L. Mass: 6,850 kg (15,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Aleksandrov, Lyakhov, Strekalov, Titov, Vladimir. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-9. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 149.45 days. Decay Date: 1983-11-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 14152 . COSPAR: 1983-062A. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 7. Transported to the Salyut-7 orbital station a crew consisting of V A Lyakhov, commander of the spacecraft, and A P Aleksandrov, flight engineer, to conduct scientific and technical research and experiments..

1983 September 26 - . 19:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U. FAILURE: Launch vehicle blew up on pad.. Failed Stage: 0.
1984 April 3 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz T-11 - . Call Sign: Yupiter (Jupiter ). Crew: Malyshev, Sharma, Strekalov. Backup Crew: Berezovoi, Grechko, Malhotra. Payload: Soyuz T s/n 17L. Mass: 6,850 kg (15,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Berezovoi, Grechko, Malhotra, Malyshev, Sharma, Strekalov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-10, Soyuz T-11. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 181.91 days. Decay Date: 1984-10-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 14872 . COSPAR: 1984-032A. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min.

    Manned three crew. Docked with Salyut 7.Transported a Soviet-Indian international crew comprising ship's commander Y V Malyshev, flight engineer G M Strekalov (USSR) and cosmonaut-researcher R Sharma (India) to the SALYUT-7 orbital station to conduct scientific and technical studies and experiments.


1984 April 11 - .
1985 September 17 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
1990 February 11 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Soyuz TM-9 - . Call Sign: Rodnik (Spring - water spring). Crew: Balandin, Solovyov. Backup Crew: Manakov, Strekalov. Payload: Soyuz TM s/n 60. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Balandin, Manakov, Solovyov, Strekalov. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-8, Soyuz TM-9. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 179.05 days. Decay Date: 1990-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 20494 . COSPAR: 1990-014A. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi). Perigee: 373 km (231 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.20 min.

    Manned two crew. Mir Expedition EO-06. Docked with Mir. Transported to the Mir orbital station a crew comprising the cosmonauts A Y Solovyov and A N Balandin to conduct an extensive programme of geophysical and astrophysical research, experiments on biology and biotechnology and work on space materials science.


1990 August 1 - . 09:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Soyuz TM-10 - . Call Sign: Vulkan (Volcano ). Crew: Manakov, Strekalov. Backup Crew: Afanasyev, Manarov. Payload: Soyuz TM s/n 61A. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Manakov, Manarov, Strekalov. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-10, Soyuz TM-9. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 130.86 days. Decay Date: 1990-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 20722 . COSPAR: 1990-067A. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min.

    Manned two crew. Docked with Mir. Mir Expedition EO-07. Transported to the Mir manned orbital station the crew consisting of the cosmonauts G M Manakov and G M Strekalov for the purpose of carrying out a programme of geophysical and astrophysical research, biological and biotechnological experiments, and work on space-materials science.


1990 October 30 - . 21:45 GMT - .
1990 December 10 - .
1994 January 8 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
1994 July 1 - . 12:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
1995 March 14 - . 06:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Soyuz TM-21 - . Call Sign: Uragan (Hurricane ). Crew: Dezhurov, Strekalov, Thagard. Backup Crew: Avdeyev, Dunbar, Gidzenko. Payload: Soyuz TM s/n 70. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Avdeyev, Dezhurov, Dunbar, Gidzenko, Strekalov, Thagard. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-18 Mir LD-4, Soyuz TM-20, Soyuz TM-21. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 181.03 days. Decay Date: 1995-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 23519 . COSPAR: 1995-010A. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min.

    Mir Expedition EO-18. Soyuz TM-21 carried the EO-18 Mir crew and American Norman Thagard. Thagard was the first American to be launched in a Soyuz. Soyuz docked with Mir at 07:45:26 GMT on March 16 . On July 4 Soyuz TM-21 undocked and backed off to a distance of 100 m from Mir. The US space shuttle Atlantis, with the EO-18 crew aboard, then undocked and began a flyaround at a distance of 210 m, while the EO-19 crew aboard Soyuz took pictures before redocking with the station. Soyuz TM-21 again undocked with the EO-19 crew on September 11 from the Kvant rear port on Mir and landed at 50 deg 41'N 68 deg 15'E, 108 km northeast of Arkalyk in Kazakhstan, at 06:52:40 GMT .


1995 May 12 - . 04:20 GMT - .
1995 May 17 - . 02:38 GMT - .
1995 May 22 - . 00:10 GMT - .
1995 May 28 - . 22:22 GMT - .
1995 June 1 - . 22:05 GMT - .
1995 July 7 - .
2004 December 25 - .
  • Death of Gennadi Mikhailovich Strekalov at Moscow, Russia. Cancer. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Strekalov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-5, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-10-1, Salyut 7 EP-3, Mir EO-7, Mir EO-18. Survived first manned launch pad abort. Flew in space six times. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB..


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