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Soyuz TMA
Part of Soyuz Family

Soyuz TMA Cockpit

Soyuz TMA Cockpit

Russian three-crew manned spacecraft. Designed for use as a lifeboat for the International Space Station. After the retirement of the US shuttle in 2011, Soyuz TMA was the only conveying crews to the ISS. Except for the Chinese Shenzhou, it became mankind's sole means of access to space. Launched 2002 - 2011.

AKA: 11F732;7K-STMA. Status: Operational 2002. First Launch: 2002-10-30. Last Launch: 2015-09-02. Number: 40 . Thrust: 3.92 kN (881 lbf). Gross mass: 7,220 kg (15,910 lb). Unfuelled mass: 6,320 kg (13,930 lb). Specific impulse: 305 s. Height: 6.98 m (22.90 ft). Diameter: 2.20 m (7.20 ft). Span: 10.70 m (35.10 ft).

It incorporated several changes to accommodate NASA requirements, including more latitude in the height and weight of the crew and improved parachute systems. The spacecraft also incorporates two new amber cockpit displays. In addition to the three crew, the TMA could deliver up to 100 kg of payload to the station and return up to 50 kg.

From 2009 Soyuz TMA's flew with the new TsVM-101 computer in place of the old Argon-16 (introduced on Soyuz-T in the 1970's). The TsVM-101 was much more capable, much smaller, and 9 times lighter (8.3 kg vs. 70 kg). In connection with this the analogue telemetry system was replaced by a smaller digital system. This modifications was originally planned in the late 1990's, but shelved for financial reasons. However the NII Argon design bureau discontinued production of the old computer, forcing RKK Energia to fund development of the TsVM-101 at NII Submikron in Tselenograd. Soyuz TMA's equipped with the new computers received the new article number 11F732A47 with a new serial number series beginning with 701. The computers were installed in the service module. In a second modification, but no earlier than 2010 the KS-020M descent module computer, used for control during re-entry, would be replaced with the TsVM-101, which would be moved from the service module to the descent module.

Crew Size: 3. Orbital Storage: 200 days. Habitable Volume: 9.00 m3. Spacecraft delta v: 390 m/s (1,270 ft/sec). Electric System: 0.60 average kW.


More at: Soyuz TMA.

Family: Manned spacecraft, Space station orbit. Country: Russia. Engines: KTDU-80. Spacecraft: ISS, Soyuz TMA SA, Soyuz TMA BO, Soyuz TMA PAO. Launch Vehicles: R-7, Soyuz-U, Soyuz-FG. Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. Launch Sites: Baikonur, Baikonur LC1, Baikonur LC31. Agency: Korolev bureau. Bibliography: 2, 528, 552, 554, 6911, 13137, 13138.
Photo Gallery

Soyuz TMA CutawaySoyuz TMA Cutaway


Soyuz TMA DM CutawaySoyuz TMA DM Cutaway


Soyuz TMA-09MSoyuz TMA-09M
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Soyuz TMA-10Soyuz TMA-10
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Soyuz TMA PanelSoyuz TMA Panel


Soyuz TMA PanelSoyuz TMA Panel



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